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Автор: Bader, Richard F.W. (Professor of Chemistry, McMas Название: Atoms in Molecules: A Quantum Theory ISBN: 0198558651 ISBN13(EAN): 9780198558651 Издательство: Oxford Academ Цена: 9313 р. Наличие на складе: Нет в наличии. Описание: The purpose of this monograph is to show that a theory can be developed to underpin the molecular structure hypothesis  that the atoms in a molecule are real, with properties predicted and defined by the laws of quantum mechanics. Купить
 

Автор: Vasko Fedir T., Raichev Oleg E. Название: Quantum Kinetic Theory and Applications / Electrons, Photons, Phonons ISBN: 0387260285 ISBN13(EAN): 9780387260280 Издательство: Springer Цена: 11876 р. Наличие на складе: Нет в наличии. Описание: The monograph provides the theoretical basis and physical interpretation of our current understanding of the quantum kinetic processes in various systems. Although the kinetic phenomena became the subject of scientific studies starting from the Boltzman's publications in the end of 19th century, it was not until 19601980 that the quantum kinetic phenomena have been promoted to the forefront of research. Among the reasons of this progress are i) development of low temperature physics, ii) advances inmodern technology (in particular, the possibility to produce nanoscale structures), and iii) realization of quantum devices based on band engineering such as lasers, transistors, and photonic devices. Recent challenges in the practical implementations of the quantum kinetics involve quantum information processing and solidstate devices for THz spectral range.The text begins with a description of electron, phonon, and photon excitations (the systems with order parameter such as superconductors and ferromagnets are not considered). In the first part (chapters 28) we consider quantum kinetic equations for electrons and bosons and different variants of diagram techniques. The second part is mostly devoted to various modern applications of the quantum kinetic theory. The last chapter describes the theory of fluctuations.Intended for graduate and postgraduate students, physicists, and engineers conducting research on solid state physics and novel device applications. The treatment presumes background knowledge of quantum mechanics and solid state physics. Купить
 

Автор: F. S. Levin Название: An Introduction to Quantum Theory ISBN: 0521591619 ISBN13(EAN): 9780521591614 Издательство: Cambridge Academ Цена: 13695 р. Наличие на складе: Нет в наличии. Описание: Underpinning the axiomatic formulation of quantum theory presented in this undergraduate textbook is a review of early experiments, a comparison of classical and quantal terminology, a Schroedingerequation treatment of the onedimensional quantum box, and a survey of relevant mathematics. Among the many concepts comprehensively discussed are: operators; state vectors and wave functions; experimental observables; classical/quantal connections; and symmetry properties. The theory is applied to a wide variety of systems including the nonrelativistic Hatom, external electromagnetic fields, and spin1/2. Collisions are described using wave packets. Various timedependent and timeindependent approximations are discussed; applications include electromagnetic transition rates and corrections to the Hatom energies. The final chapter deals with identicalparticle symmetries and their application to the He atom, the Periodic Table and diatomic molecules. There are also brief treatments of advanced subjects such as gauge invariance and hidden variables. Купить
 

Автор: Haken Hermann, Wolf Hans Christoph, Brewer W.D. Название: Molecular Physics and Elements of Quantum Chemistry / Introduction to Experiments and Theory ISBN: 3540407928 ISBN13(EAN): 9783540407928 Издательство: Springer Цена: 7916 р. Наличие на складе: Нет в наличии. Описание: This textbook introduces the molecular physics and quantum chemistry needed to understand the physical properties of molecules and their chemical bonds. It follows the authors' earlier textbook "The Physics of Atoms and Quanta" and presents both experimental and theoretical fundamentals for students in physics and physical and theoretical chemistry. The new edition treats new developments in areas such as highresolution twophoton spectroscopy, ultrashort pulse spectroscopy, photoelectron spectroscopy. Particular emphasis is laid on the optical investigation of single molecules in condensed phase. Finally, the developing field of molecular electronics is presented, including electroluminescence and lightemitting diodes. Купить
 

Автор: Pavicic Mladen Название: Quantum Computation and Quantum Communication: / Theory and Experiments ISBN: 0387244123 ISBN13(EAN): 9780387244129 Издательство: Springer Цена: 9675 р. Наличие на складе: Нет в наличии. Описание: The field of quantum computing has experienced rapid development and many different experimental and theoretical groups have emerged worldwide.This book presents the key elements of quantum computation and communication theories and their implementation in an easytoread manner for readers coming from physics, mathematics and computer science backgrounds. Integrating both theoretical aspects and experimental verifications of developing quantum computers, the author explains why particular mathematical methods, physical models and realistic implementations might provide critical steps towards achieving the final goal  constructing quantum computers and quantum networks. The book serves as an excellent introduction for new researchers and also provides a useful review for specialists in the field. Купить
 

Автор: Bandyopadhyay P. Название: Geometry, Topology and Quantum Field Theory ISBN: 1402014147 ISBN13(EAN): 9781402014147 Издательство: Springer Цена: 8532 р. Наличие на складе: Нет в наличии. Описание: This monograph deals with the geometrical and topological aspects related to quantum field theory with special reference to the electroweak theory and skyrmions. This book is unique in its emphasis on the topological aspects of a fermion manifested through chiral anomaly which is responsible for the generation of mass. This has its relevance in electroweak theory where it is observed that weak interaction gauge bosons attain mass topologically. These geometrical and topological features help us to consider a massive fermion as a skyrmion and for a composite state we can realise the internal symmetry of hadrons from reflection group. Also, an overview of noncommutative geometry has been presented and it is observed that the manifold M 4 x Z2 has its relevance in the description of a massive fermion as skyrmion when the discrete space is considered as the internal space and the symmetry breaking gives rise to chiral anomaly leading to topological features. Купить
 

Автор: Ghatak Ajoy, Lokanathan S. Название: Quantum Mechanics: Theory and Applications ISBN: 1402018509 ISBN13(EAN): 9781402018503 Издательство: Springer Цена: 24200 р. Наличие на складе: Нет в наличии. Описание: An understanding of quantum mechanics is vital to all students of physics, chemistry and electrical engineering, but requires a lot of mathematical concepts, the details of which are given with great clarity in this book. Various concepts have been derived from first principles, so it can also be used for selfstudy. The chapters on the JWKB approximation, timeindependent perturbation theory and effects of magnetic field stand out for their clarity and easytounderstand mathematics. Two complete chapters on the linear harmonic oscillator provide a very detailed discussion of one of the most fundamental problems in quantum mechanics. Operator algebra is used to show the ease with which one can calculate the harmonic oscillator wave functions and study the evolution of the coherent state. Similarly, three chapters on angular momentum give a detailed account of this important problem. Perhaps the most attractive feature of the book is the excellent balance between theory and applications and the large number of applications in such diverse areas as astrophysics, nuclear physics, atomic and molecular spectroscopy, solidstate physics, and quantum well structures. Купить
 

Автор: Ghatak Ajoy, Lokanathan S. Название: Quantum Mechanics: Theory and Applications ISBN: 1402021291 ISBN13(EAN): 9781402021299 Издательство: Springer Цена: 10555 р. Наличие на складе: Нет в наличии. Описание: An understanding of quantum mechanics is vital to all students of physics, chemistry and electrical engineering, but requires a lot of mathematical concepts, the details of which are given with great clarity in this book. Various concepts have been derived from first principles, so it can also be used for selfstudy. The chapters on the JWKB approximation, timeindependent perturbation theory and effects of magnetic field stand out for their clarity and easytounderstand mathematics. Two complete chapters on the linear harmonic oscillator provide a very detailed discussion of one of the most fundamental problems in quantum mechanics. Operator algebra is used to show the ease with which one can calculate the harmonic oscillator wave functions and study the evolution of the coherent state. Similarly, three chapters on angular momentum give a detailed account of this important problem. Perhaps the most attractive feature of the book is the excellent balance between theory and applications and the large number of applications in such diverse areas as astrophysics, nuclear physics, atomic and molecular spectroscopy, solidstate physics, and quantum well structures. Купить
 

Автор: Borne T., Lochak G., Stumpf H. Название: Nonperturbative Quantum Field Theory and the Structure of Matter ISBN: 0792368037 ISBN13(EAN): 9780792368038 Издательство: Springer Цена: 11436 р. Наличие на складе: Нет в наличии. Описание: This book, which presents a new view of quantum field theory, may serve as a research monograph and an alternative textbook examining topics which are not usually treated in conventional works. The first part contains a new nonperturbative regularization and probability interpretation, as well as a new treatment of effective dynamics for quantum fields based on algebraic representation theory in functional spaces. In the second part these methods are applied to selected topics in high energy physics. In a generalization of de Broglie's fusion theory, gauge bosons and fermions are considered as composites and the basic dynamics of the electroweak sector of the standard model is derived as an effective theory from a regularized spinor fields model. Linear gravity is discussed in the same way. Audience: This volume will appeal to researchers concerned with the foundation of the theory of matter and forces including gravitation. It will also be of interest to those working with quantum field theoretic methods in various disciplines, such as particle physics, nuclear physics, condensed matter physics, and relativity. Купить
 

Автор: Kantorovich Lev Название: Quantum Theory of the Solid State: An Introduction ISBN: 1402021534 ISBN13(EAN): 9781402021534 Издательство: Springer Цена: 8532 р. Наличие на складе: Нет в наличии. Описание: The book targets a broad readership. First of all, it targets young researchers (postgraduate students) in solid state physics (both physicists and theoretical chemists) as it contains a wide and comprehensive coverage of all important branches of the subject including an uptodate survey of recent revolutionary advances in quantum mechanics which have made it possible not only to calculate many properties of molecules and solids in close agreement with experiment, but to make reliable predictions in cases when a direct experiment is not possible (e.g. the Earth core). Secondly, it should be a valuable asset to established researchers in the areas of materials science, solidstate physics and chemistry due to very detailed explanations of a wide range of phenomena ranging from symmetry, lattice vibrations, electronic structure and superconductivity to magnetic and dielectric properties. Rigour and detail in explaining complicated mathematical techniques and in providing derivations when talking of various physical concepts are essential for those who would like to really understand things they have never had a chance to. Because of that and of the fact that the book contains a lot of material from different areas of solidstate physics retold from a single viewpoint, it should be indispensable for lecturers. Not only a number of courses, both general and specialised, should be possible to set up, but these courses may also be of a different level of difficulty ranging from undergraduate, postgraduate and then to highly advanced ones. This is because of a clear marking system adopted in the book. Hence, it should also be useful for advanced third and fourthyear undergraduate students. Купить
 

Автор: Kantorovich Lev Название: Quantum Theory of the Solid State: An Introduction ISBN: 1402018215 ISBN13(EAN): 9781402018213 Издательство: Springer Цена: 25432 р. Наличие на складе: Нет в наличии. Описание: The book targets a broad readership. First of all, it targets young researchers (postgraduate students) in solid state physics (both physicists and theoretical chemists) as it contains a wide and comprehensive coverage of all important branches of the subject including an uptodate survey of recent revolutionary advances in quantum mechanics which have made it possible not only to calculate many properties of molecules and solids in close agreement with experiment, but to make reliable predictions in cases when a direct experiment is not possible (e.g. the Earth core). Secondly, it should be a valuable asset to established researchers in the areas of materials science, solidstate physics and chemistry due to very detailed explanations of a wide range of phenomena ranging from symmetry, lattice vibrations, electronic structure and superconductivity to magnetic and dielectric properties. Rigour and detail in explaining complicated mathematical techniques and in providing derivations when talking of various physical concepts are essential for those who would like to really understand things they have never had a chance to. Because of that and of the fact that the book contains a lot of material from different areas of solidstate physics retold from a single viewpoint, it should be indispensable for lecturers. Not only a number of courses, both general and specialised, should be possible to set up, but these courses may also be of a different level of difficulty ranging from undergraduate, postgraduate and then to highly advanced ones. This is because of a clear marking system adopted in the book. Hence, it should also be useful for advanced third and fourthyear undergraduate students. Купить
 

Автор: Hamhalter J. Название: Quantum Measure Theory ISBN: 1402017146 ISBN13(EAN): 9781402017148 Издательство: Springer Цена: 18656 р. Наличие на складе: Нет в наличии. Описание: This book is the first systematic treatment of measures on projection lattices of von Neumann algebras. It presents significant recent results in this field. One part is inspired by the Generalized Gleason Theorem on extending measures on the projection lattices of von Neumann algebras to linear functionals. Applications of this principle to various problems in quantum physics are considered (hidden variable problem, Wigner type theorems, decoherence functional, etc.). Another part of the monograph deals with a fascinating interplay of algebraic properties of the projection lattice with the continuity of measures (the analysis of JauchPiron states, independence conditions in quantum field theory, etc.). These results have no direct analogy in the standard measure and probability theory. On the theoretical physics side, they are instrumental in recovering technical assumptions of the axiomatics of quantum theories only by considering algebraic properties of finitely additive measures (states) on quantum propositions. Купить
 
