

Автор: Bader, Richard F.W. (Professor of Chemistry, McMas Название: Atoms in Molecules: A Quantum Theory ISBN: 0198558651 ISBN13(EAN): 9780198558651 Издательство: Oxford Academ Цена: 7888 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ. Описание: The purpose of this monograph is to show that a theory can be developed to underpin the molecular structure hypothesis  that the atoms in a molecule are real, with properties predicted and defined by the laws of quantum mechanics. Купить
 

Автор: Vasko Fedir T., Raichev Oleg E. Название: Quantum Kinetic Theory and Applications / Electrons, Photons, Phonons ISBN: 0387260285 ISBN13(EAN): 9780387260280 Издательство: Springer Цена: 10391 р. Наличие на складе: Нет в наличии. Описание: The monograph provides the theoretical basis and physical interpretation of our current understanding of the quantum kinetic processes in various systems. Although the kinetic phenomena became the subject of scientific studies starting from the Boltzman's publications in the end of 19th century, it was not until 19601980 that the quantum kinetic phenomena have been promoted to the forefront of research. Among the reasons of this progress are i) development of low temperature physics, ii) advances inmodern technology (in particular, the possibility to produce nanoscale structures), and iii) realization of quantum devices based on band engineering such as lasers, transistors, and photonic devices. Recent challenges in the practical implementations of the quantum kinetics involve quantum information processing and solidstate devices for THz spectral range.The text begins with a description of electron, phonon, and photon excitations (the systems with order parameter such as superconductors and ferromagnets are not considered). In the first part (chapters 28) we consider quantum kinetic equations for electrons and bosons and different variants of diagram techniques. The second part is mostly devoted to various modern applications of the quantum kinetic theory. The last chapter describes the theory of fluctuations.Intended for graduate and postgraduate students, physicists, and engineers conducting research on solid state physics and novel device applications. The treatment presumes background knowledge of quantum mechanics and solid state physics. Купить
 

Автор: Pavicic Mladen Название: Quantum Computation and Quantum Communication: / Theory and Experiments ISBN: 0387244123 ISBN13(EAN): 9780387244129 Издательство: Springer Цена: 8466 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика.Поставка под заказ. Описание: The field of quantum computing has experienced rapid development and many different experimental and theoretical groups have emerged worldwide.This book presents the key elements of quantum computation and communication theories and their implementation in an easytoread manner for readers coming from physics, mathematics and computer science backgrounds. Integrating both theoretical aspects and experimental verifications of developing quantum computers, the author explains why particular mathematical methods, physical models and realistic implementations might provide critical steps towards achieving the final goal  constructing quantum computers and quantum networks. The book serves as an excellent introduction for new researchers and also provides a useful review for specialists in the field. Купить
 

Автор: Borne T., Lochak G., Stumpf H. Название: Nonperturbative Quantum Field Theory and the Structure of Matter ISBN: 0792368037 ISBN13(EAN): 9780792368038 Издательство: Springer Цена: 10006 р. Наличие на складе: Нет в наличии. Описание: This book, which presents a new view of quantum field theory, may serve as a research monograph and an alternative textbook examining topics which are not usually treated in conventional works. The first part contains a new nonperturbative regularization and probability interpretation, as well as a new treatment of effective dynamics for quantum fields based on algebraic representation theory in functional spaces. In the second part these methods are applied to selected topics in high energy physics. In a generalization of de Broglie's fusion theory, gauge bosons and fermions are considered as composites and the basic dynamics of the electroweak sector of the standard model is derived as an effective theory from a regularized spinor fields model. Linear gravity is discussed in the same way. Audience: This volume will appeal to researchers concerned with the foundation of the theory of matter and forces including gravitation. It will also be of interest to those working with quantum field theoretic methods in various disciplines, such as particle physics, nuclear physics, condensed matter physics, and relativity. Купить
 

Автор: Kantorovich Lev Название: Quantum Theory of the Solid State: An Introduction ISBN: 1402021534 ISBN13(EAN): 9781402021534 Издательство: Springer Цена: 7465 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика.Поставка под заказ. Описание: The book targets a broad readership. First of all, it targets young researchers (postgraduate students) in solid state physics (both physicists and theoretical chemists) as it contains a wide and comprehensive coverage of all important branches of the subject including an uptodate survey of recent revolutionary advances in quantum mechanics which have made it possible not only to calculate many properties of molecules and solids in close agreement with experiment, but to make reliable predictions in cases when a direct experiment is not possible (e.g. the Earth core). Secondly, it should be a valuable asset to established researchers in the areas of materials science, solidstate physics and chemistry due to very detailed explanations of a wide range of phenomena ranging from symmetry, lattice vibrations, electronic structure and superconductivity to magnetic and dielectric properties. Rigour and detail in explaining complicated mathematical techniques and in providing derivations when talking of various physical concepts are essential for those who would like to really understand things they have never had a chance to. Because of that and of the fact that the book contains a lot of material from different areas of solidstate physics retold from a single viewpoint, it should be indispensable for lecturers. Not only a number of courses, both general and specialised, should be possible to set up, but these courses may also be of a different level of difficulty ranging from undergraduate, postgraduate and then to highly advanced ones. This is because of a clear marking system adopted in the book. Hence, it should also be useful for advanced third and fourthyear undergraduate students. Купить
 

Автор: Kantorovich Lev Название: Quantum Theory of the Solid State: An Introduction ISBN: 1402018215 ISBN13(EAN): 9781402018213 Издательство: Springer Цена: 22253 р. Наличие на складе: Нет в наличии. Описание: The book targets a broad readership. First of all, it targets young researchers (postgraduate students) in solid state physics (both physicists and theoretical chemists) as it contains a wide and comprehensive coverage of all important branches of the subject including an uptodate survey of recent revolutionary advances in quantum mechanics which have made it possible not only to calculate many properties of molecules and solids in close agreement with experiment, but to make reliable predictions in cases when a direct experiment is not possible (e.g. the Earth core). Secondly, it should be a valuable asset to established researchers in the areas of materials science, solidstate physics and chemistry due to very detailed explanations of a wide range of phenomena ranging from symmetry, lattice vibrations, electronic structure and superconductivity to magnetic and dielectric properties. Rigour and detail in explaining complicated mathematical techniques and in providing derivations when talking of various physical concepts are essential for those who would like to really understand things they have never had a chance to. Because of that and of the fact that the book contains a lot of material from different areas of solidstate physics retold from a single viewpoint, it should be indispensable for lecturers. Not only a number of courses, both general and specialised, should be possible to set up, but these courses may also be of a different level of difficulty ranging from undergraduate, postgraduate and then to highly advanced ones. This is because of a clear marking system adopted in the book. Hence, it should also be useful for advanced third and fourthyear undergraduate students. Купить
 

Автор: Hamhalter J. Название: Quantum Measure Theory ISBN: 1402017146 ISBN13(EAN): 9781402017148 Издательство: Springer Цена: 16324 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика.Поставка под заказ. Описание: This book is the first systematic treatment of measures on projection lattices of von Neumann algebras. It presents significant recent results in this field. One part is inspired by the Generalized Gleason Theorem on extending measures on the projection lattices of von Neumann algebras to linear functionals. Applications of this principle to various problems in quantum physics are considered (hidden variable problem, Wigner type theorems, decoherence functional, etc.). Another part of the monograph deals with a fascinating interplay of algebraic properties of the projection lattice with the continuity of measures (the analysis of JauchPiron states, independence conditions in quantum field theory, etc.). These results have no direct analogy in the standard measure and probability theory. On the theoretical physics side, they are instrumental in recovering technical assumptions of the axiomatics of quantum theories only by considering algebraic properties of finitely additive measures (states) on quantum propositions. Купить
 

Автор: Fujita Shigeji, Ito Kei Название: Quantum Theory of Conducting Matter / Newtonian Equations of Motion for a Bloch Electron ISBN: 038774102X ISBN13(EAN): 9780387741024 Издательство: Springer Цена: 4743 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика.Поставка под заказ. Описание: Shigeji Fujita is Professor of Physics at State University of New York at Buffalo and has published 3 books with the Springer family since 1996. His areas of expertise include statistical physics, solid and liquid state physics, superconductivity and Quantum Hall Effect theory. The measurements of the Hall coefficient RH and the Seebeck coefficient (thermoelectric power) S are known to give the sign of the carrier charge q. In sodium (Na) forming a bodycentered cubic (bcc) lattice both RH and S are negative, indicating that the carrier is the "electron". In silver (Ag) forming a facecentered cubic (fcc) lattice the Hall coefficient RH is negative but the Seebeck coefficient S is positive. This complication arises from the Fermi surface of the metal. In conducting matter physics the "electrons" and the "holes" play important roles. The "electrons" ("holes") which by definition circulate counterclockwise (clockwise) around the magnetic field (flux) vector B cannot be discussed based on the prevailing equation of motion in the electron dynamics: dk/dt=q (E + v x B), k = kvector, E = electric field, v = velocity since the energymomentum relation is not incorporated in this equation. In this book we shall derive Newtonian equations of motion with a symmetric mass tensor. We diagonalize this tensor by introducing the principal masses and the principal axes of the inversemass tensor associated with the Fermi surface. We demonstrate that the "electrons" ("holes") are generated near the Fermi surface, depending on the curvature sign of the surface. As applications, we treat magnetic oscillations in the susceptibility and conductivity, cyclotron resonance, thermopower and infrared Hall effect. In each case we treat the phenomena, starting with the crystal structure and using the Fermi surface. Freeelectron model, phonons, kinetic theory of the electron transport, the magnetic susceptibility and the Boltzmann equation method, which are normally covered in the introductory solid state physics course are included as the preliminaries. The text is composed of three parts, Part I preliminaries, Chap. 16, Bloch electron dynamics, Chap. 710, and applications, Chap. 1115. Купить
 

Автор: Suda Martin Название: Quantum Interferometry in Phase Space / Theory and Applications ISBN: 3540260706 ISBN13(EAN): 9783540260707 Издательство: Springer Цена: 9621 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика.Поставка под заказ. Описание: "Quantum Interferometry in Phase Space" is primarily concerned with quantummechanical distribution functions and their applications in quantum optics and neutron interferometry. In the first part of the book, the author describes the phasespace representation of quantum optical phenomena such as coherent and squeezed states. Applications to interferometry, e.g. in beam splitters and fiber networks, are also presented. In the second part of the book, the theoretical formalism is applied to neutron interferometry, including the dynamical theory of diffraction, coherence properties of superposed beams, and dephasing effects. Купить
 

Автор: Ocampo Hernan, Paycha Sylvie, Vargas AndrГ©s Название: Geometric and Topological Methods for Quantum Field Theory ISBN: 354024283X ISBN13(EAN): 9783540242833 Издательство: Springer Цена: 8084 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика.Поставка под заказ. Описание: This volume offers an introduction, in the form of four extensive lectures, to some recent developments in several active topics at the interface between geometry, topology and quantum field theory. The first lecture is by Christine Lescop on knot invariants and configuration spaces, in which a universal finitetype invariant for knots is constructed as a series of integrals over configuration spaces. This is followed by the contribution of Raimar Wulkenhaar on Euclidean quantum field theory from a statistical point of view. The author also discusses possible renormalization techniques on noncommutative spaces. The third lecture is by Anamaria Font and Stefan Theisen on string compactification with unbroken supersymmetry. The authors show that this requirement leads to internal spaces of special holonomy and describe CalabiYau manifolds in detail. The last lecture, by Thierry Fack, is devoted to a Ktheory proof of the AtiyahSinger index theorem and discusses some applications of Ktheory to noncommutative geometry. These lectures notes, which are aimed in particular at graduate students in physics and mathematics, start with introductory material before presenting more advanced results. Each chapter is selfcontained and can be read independently. Купить
 

Автор: Manoukian E.B. Название: Quantum Theory / A Wide Spectrum ISBN: 1402041896 ISBN13(EAN): 9781402041891 Издательство: Springer Цена: 7311 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика.Поставка под заказ. Описание: The ultimate modern textbook on Quantum Theory, this graduatelevel and selfcontained s text is also a reference and research work which provides background for researchers in this discipline, covering important recent developments and most aspects of the theory with fairly detailed presentations. In addition to traditional topics, it includes: selective measurements, Wigner's Theorem of symmetry transformations, generators of quantum transformations, supersymmetry, details on the spectra of Hamiltonians and stability of quantum systems, BoseFermi oscillators, coherent states, hyperfine structure of the Hatom for any angular momentum, the nonrelativistic Lamb shift, anomalous magnetic moment of the electron, Ramsey oscillatory fields methods, measurement, interference and the role of the environment, the AB effect, geometric phases (including the nonadiabatic and noncyclic), SchrГ¶dinger's cat and quantum decoherence, quantum teleportation and cryptography, quantum dynamics of the SternGerlach effect, Green functions, path integrals, including constrained dynamics, quantum dynamical principle and variations, systematics of multielectron atoms, stability of matter, collapse of "bosonic matter" and the role of spin, intricacies of scattering, quantum description of relativistic particles for any spin and mass, spinors, helicity, the Spin & Statistics Theorem. In addition it contains numerous problems, some of which are challenging enough for research. Купить
 

Автор: PГ¶tz W., Fabian J., Hohenester U. Название: Quantum Coherence / From Quarks to Solids ISBN: 3540300856 ISBN13(EAN): 9783540300854 Издательство: Springer Цена: 4616 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика.Поставка под заказ. Описание: Quantum coherence is a phenomenon that plays a crucial role in various forms of matter. The thriving field of quantum information as well as unconventional approaches to use mesoscopic systems in future optoelectronic devices provide the exciting background for this set of lectures.The lectures originate from the wellknown Schladming Winter Schools and are carefully edited so as to address a broad readership ranging from the beginning graduate student up to the senior scientist wanting to keep up with or to enter newly emerging fields of research. Купить
 
