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Автор: Bader, Richard F.W. (Professor of Chemistry, McMas Название: Atoms in Molecules: A Quantum Theory ISBN: 0198558651 ISBN13(EAN): 9780198558651 Издательство: Oxford Academ Цена: 7888 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ. Описание: The purpose of this monograph is to show that a theory can be developed to underpin the molecular structure hypothesis  that the atoms in a molecule are real, with properties predicted and defined by the laws of quantum mechanics. Купить
 

Автор: Vasko Fedir T., Raichev Oleg E. Название: Quantum Kinetic Theory and Applications / Electrons, Photons, Phonons ISBN: 0387260285 ISBN13(EAN): 9780387260280 Издательство: Springer Цена: 10392 р. Наличие на складе: Нет в наличии. Описание: The monograph provides the theoretical basis and physical interpretation of our current understanding of the quantum kinetic processes in various systems. Although the kinetic phenomena became the subject of scientific studies starting from the Boltzman's publications in the end of 19th century, it was not until 19601980 that the quantum kinetic phenomena have been promoted to the forefront of research. Among the reasons of this progress are i) development of low temperature physics, ii) advances inmodern technology (in particular, the possibility to produce nanoscale structures), and iii) realization of quantum devices based on band engineering such as lasers, transistors, and photonic devices. Recent challenges in the practical implementations of the quantum kinetics involve quantum information processing and solidstate devices for THz spectral range.The text begins with a description of electron, phonon, and photon excitations (the systems with order parameter such as superconductors and ferromagnets are not considered). In the first part (chapters 28) we consider quantum kinetic equations for electrons and bosons and different variants of diagram techniques. The second part is mostly devoted to various modern applications of the quantum kinetic theory. The last chapter describes the theory of fluctuations.Intended for graduate and postgraduate students, physicists, and engineers conducting research on solid state physics and novel device applications. The treatment presumes background knowledge of quantum mechanics and solid state physics. Купить
 

Автор: F. S. Levin Название: An Introduction to Quantum Theory ISBN: 0521591619 ISBN13(EAN): 9780521591614 Издательство: Cambridge Academ Цена: 14900 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ. Описание: Underpinning the axiomatic formulation of quantum theory presented in this undergraduate textbook is a review of early experiments, a comparison of classical and quantal terminology, a Schroedingerequation treatment of the onedimensional quantum box, and a survey of relevant mathematics. Among the many concepts comprehensively discussed are: operators; state vectors and wave functions; experimental observables; classical/quantal connections; and symmetry properties. The theory is applied to a wide variety of systems including the nonrelativistic Hatom, external electromagnetic fields, and spin1/2. Collisions are described using wave packets. Various timedependent and timeindependent approximations are discussed; applications include electromagnetic transition rates and corrections to the Hatom energies. The final chapter deals with identicalparticle symmetries and their application to the He atom, the Periodic Table and diatomic molecules. There are also brief treatments of advanced subjects such as gauge invariance and hidden variables. Купить
 

Автор: Haken Hermann, Wolf Hans Christoph, Brewer W.D. Название: Molecular Physics and Elements of Quantum Chemistry / Introduction to Experiments and Theory ISBN: 3540407928 ISBN13(EAN): 9783540407928 Издательство: Springer Цена: 6927 р. Наличие на складе: Нет в наличии. Описание: This textbook introduces the molecular physics and quantum chemistry needed to understand the physical properties of molecules and their chemical bonds. It follows the authors' earlier textbook "The Physics of Atoms and Quanta" and presents both experimental and theoretical fundamentals for students in physics and physical and theoretical chemistry. The new edition treats new developments in areas such as highresolution twophoton spectroscopy, ultrashort pulse spectroscopy, photoelectron spectroscopy. Particular emphasis is laid on the optical investigation of single molecules in condensed phase. Finally, the developing field of molecular electronics is presented, including electroluminescence and lightemitting diodes. Купить
 

Автор: Ghatak Ajoy, Lokanathan S. Название: Quantum Mechanics: Theory and Applications ISBN: 1402018509 ISBN13(EAN): 9781402018503 Издательство: Springer Цена: 21175 р. Наличие на складе: Нет в наличии. Описание: An understanding of quantum mechanics is vital to all students of physics, chemistry and electrical engineering, but requires a lot of mathematical concepts, the details of which are given with great clarity in this book. Various concepts have been derived from first principles, so it can also be used for selfstudy. The chapters on the JWKB approximation, timeindependent perturbation theory and effects of magnetic field stand out for their clarity and easytounderstand mathematics. Two complete chapters on the linear harmonic oscillator provide a very detailed discussion of one of the most fundamental problems in quantum mechanics. Operator algebra is used to show the ease with which one can calculate the harmonic oscillator wave functions and study the evolution of the coherent state. Similarly, three chapters on angular momentum give a detailed account of this important problem. Perhaps the most attractive feature of the book is the excellent balance between theory and applications and the large number of applications in such diverse areas as astrophysics, nuclear physics, atomic and molecular spectroscopy, solidstate physics, and quantum well structures. Купить
 

Автор: Ghatak Ajoy, Lokanathan S. Название: Quantum Mechanics: Theory and Applications ISBN: 1402021291 ISBN13(EAN): 9781402021299 Издательство: Springer Цена: 9237 р. Наличие на складе: Нет в наличии. Описание: An understanding of quantum mechanics is vital to all students of physics, chemistry and electrical engineering, but requires a lot of mathematical concepts, the details of which are given with great clarity in this book. Various concepts have been derived from first principles, so it can also be used for selfstudy. The chapters on the JWKB approximation, timeindependent perturbation theory and effects of magnetic field stand out for their clarity and easytounderstand mathematics. Two complete chapters on the linear harmonic oscillator provide a very detailed discussion of one of the most fundamental problems in quantum mechanics. Operator algebra is used to show the ease with which one can calculate the harmonic oscillator wave functions and study the evolution of the coherent state. Similarly, three chapters on angular momentum give a detailed account of this important problem. Perhaps the most attractive feature of the book is the excellent balance between theory and applications and the large number of applications in such diverse areas as astrophysics, nuclear physics, atomic and molecular spectroscopy, solidstate physics, and quantum well structures. Купить
 

Автор: Kantorovich Lev Название: Quantum Theory of the Solid State: An Introduction ISBN: 1402021534 ISBN13(EAN): 9781402021534 Издательство: Springer Цена: 7466 р. Наличие на складе: Нет в наличии. Описание: The book targets a broad readership. First of all, it targets young researchers (postgraduate students) in solid state physics (both physicists and theoretical chemists) as it contains a wide and comprehensive coverage of all important branches of the subject including an uptodate survey of recent revolutionary advances in quantum mechanics which have made it possible not only to calculate many properties of molecules and solids in close agreement with experiment, but to make reliable predictions in cases when a direct experiment is not possible (e.g. the Earth core). Secondly, it should be a valuable asset to established researchers in the areas of materials science, solidstate physics and chemistry due to very detailed explanations of a wide range of phenomena ranging from symmetry, lattice vibrations, electronic structure and superconductivity to magnetic and dielectric properties. Rigour and detail in explaining complicated mathematical techniques and in providing derivations when talking of various physical concepts are essential for those who would like to really understand things they have never had a chance to. Because of that and of the fact that the book contains a lot of material from different areas of solidstate physics retold from a single viewpoint, it should be indispensable for lecturers. Not only a number of courses, both general and specialised, should be possible to set up, but these courses may also be of a different level of difficulty ranging from undergraduate, postgraduate and then to highly advanced ones. This is because of a clear marking system adopted in the book. Hence, it should also be useful for advanced third and fourthyear undergraduate students. Купить
 

Автор: Kantorovich Lev Название: Quantum Theory of the Solid State: An Introduction ISBN: 1402018215 ISBN13(EAN): 9781402018213 Издательство: Springer Цена: 22253 р. Наличие на складе: Нет в наличии. Описание: The book targets a broad readership. First of all, it targets young researchers (postgraduate students) in solid state physics (both physicists and theoretical chemists) as it contains a wide and comprehensive coverage of all important branches of the subject including an uptodate survey of recent revolutionary advances in quantum mechanics which have made it possible not only to calculate many properties of molecules and solids in close agreement with experiment, but to make reliable predictions in cases when a direct experiment is not possible (e.g. the Earth core). Secondly, it should be a valuable asset to established researchers in the areas of materials science, solidstate physics and chemistry due to very detailed explanations of a wide range of phenomena ranging from symmetry, lattice vibrations, electronic structure and superconductivity to magnetic and dielectric properties. Rigour and detail in explaining complicated mathematical techniques and in providing derivations when talking of various physical concepts are essential for those who would like to really understand things they have never had a chance to. Because of that and of the fact that the book contains a lot of material from different areas of solidstate physics retold from a single viewpoint, it should be indispensable for lecturers. Not only a number of courses, both general and specialised, should be possible to set up, but these courses may also be of a different level of difficulty ranging from undergraduate, postgraduate and then to highly advanced ones. This is because of a clear marking system adopted in the book. Hence, it should also be useful for advanced third and fourthyear undergraduate students. Купить
 

Автор: Hamhalter J. Название: Quantum Measure Theory ISBN: 1402017146 ISBN13(EAN): 9781402017148 Издательство: Springer Цена: 16324 р. Наличие на складе: Нет в наличии. Описание: This book is the first systematic treatment of measures on projection lattices of von Neumann algebras. It presents significant recent results in this field. One part is inspired by the Generalized Gleason Theorem on extending measures on the projection lattices of von Neumann algebras to linear functionals. Applications of this principle to various problems in quantum physics are considered (hidden variable problem, Wigner type theorems, decoherence functional, etc.). Another part of the monograph deals with a fascinating interplay of algebraic properties of the projection lattice with the continuity of measures (the analysis of JauchPiron states, independence conditions in quantum field theory, etc.). These results have no direct analogy in the standard measure and probability theory. On the theoretical physics side, they are instrumental in recovering technical assumptions of the axiomatics of quantum theories only by considering algebraic properties of finitely additive measures (states) on quantum propositions. Купить
 

Автор: Fujita Shigeji, Ito Kei Название: Quantum Theory of Conducting Matter / Newtonian Equations of Motion for a Bloch Electron ISBN: 038774102X ISBN13(EAN): 9780387741024 Издательство: Springer Цена: 4743 р. Наличие на складе: Нет в наличии. Описание: Shigeji Fujita is Professor of Physics at State University of New York at Buffalo and has published 3 books with the Springer family since 1996. His areas of expertise include statistical physics, solid and liquid state physics, superconductivity and Quantum Hall Effect theory. The measurements of the Hall coefficient RH and the Seebeck coefficient (thermoelectric power) S are known to give the sign of the carrier charge q. In sodium (Na) forming a bodycentered cubic (bcc) lattice both RH and S are negative, indicating that the carrier is the "electron". In silver (Ag) forming a facecentered cubic (fcc) lattice the Hall coefficient RH is negative but the Seebeck coefficient S is positive. This complication arises from the Fermi surface of the metal. In conducting matter physics the "electrons" and the "holes" play important roles. The "electrons" ("holes") which by definition circulate counterclockwise (clockwise) around the magnetic field (flux) vector B cannot be discussed based on the prevailing equation of motion in the electron dynamics: dk/dt=q (E + v x B), k = kvector, E = electric field, v = velocity since the energymomentum relation is not incorporated in this equation. In this book we shall derive Newtonian equations of motion with a symmetric mass tensor. We diagonalize this tensor by introducing the principal masses and the principal axes of the inversemass tensor associated with the Fermi surface. We demonstrate that the "electrons" ("holes") are generated near the Fermi surface, depending on the curvature sign of the surface. As applications, we treat magnetic oscillations in the susceptibility and conductivity, cyclotron resonance, thermopower and infrared Hall effect. In each case we treat the phenomena, starting with the crystal structure and using the Fermi surface. Freeelectron model, phonons, kinetic theory of the electron transport, the magnetic susceptibility and the Boltzmann equation method, which are normally covered in the introductory solid state physics course are included as the preliminaries. The text is composed of three parts, Part I preliminaries, Chap. 16, Bloch electron dynamics, Chap. 710, and applications, Chap. 1115. Купить
 

Автор: Suda Martin Название: Quantum Interferometry in Phase Space / Theory and Applications ISBN: 3540260706 ISBN13(EAN): 9783540260707 Издательство: Springer Цена: 9622 р. Наличие на складе: Нет в наличии. Описание: "Quantum Interferometry in Phase Space" is primarily concerned with quantummechanical distribution functions and their applications in quantum optics and neutron interferometry. In the first part of the book, the author describes the phasespace representation of quantum optical phenomena such as coherent and squeezed states. Applications to interferometry, e.g. in beam splitters and fiber networks, are also presented. In the second part of the book, the theoretical formalism is applied to neutron interferometry, including the dynamical theory of diffraction, coherence properties of superposed beams, and dephasing effects. Купить
 

Автор: Saller Heinrich Название: Operational Quantum Theory I / Nonrelativistic Structures ISBN: 0387291997 ISBN13(EAN): 9780387291994 Издательство: Springer Цена: 10007 р. Наличие на складе: Нет в наличии. Описание: Operational Quantum Theory I is a distinguished work on quantum theory at an advanced algebraic level. Quantum theory (nonrelativistic quantum mechanics and quantum theory) is developed from a representation theory of lie group and lie algebraic operations acting on both finite and infinite dimensional vector spaces. Time and space related finite dimensional representation structures, with simple Lie operations and, as a nonrelativistic application, the Kepler problem which has long fascinated quantum theorists are dealt with in some detail. This book features many equations which allow the reader to better understand the applications of operational quantum theory, and to provide accurate and precise descriptions of the subject.Operational Quantum Theory I aims to understand more deeply on an operational basis what is already known and current developments in quantum theory, but also suggests new solutions to previously unsolved problems. Купить
 
