Описание: This book is a new edition of Volumes 3 and 4 of Walter Thirring's famous textbook on mathematical physics. The first part is devoted to quantum mechanics and especially to its applications to scattering theory, atoms and molecules. The second part deals with quantum statistical mechanics examining fundamental concepts like entropy, ergodicity and thermodynamic functions. The author builds on an axiomatic basis and uses tools from functional analysis: bounded and unbounded operators on Hilbert space, operator algebras etc. Mathematics is shown to explain the axioms in depth and to provide the right tool for testing numerical data in experiments.
Автор: Parr, Robert G.;Yang Weitao Название: Density-functional Theory of Atoms and Molecules ISBN: 0195092767 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780195092769 Издательство: Oxford Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 17256 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Provides an account of the fundamental principles of the density-functional theory of the electronic structure of matter and its applications to atoms and molecules. This book contains a discussion of the chemical potential and its derivatives. It is intended for physicists, chemists, and advanced students in chemistry.
Описание: This series provides the chemical physics field with a forum for critical, authoritative evaluations of advances in every area of the discipline. The book will provide an up-to-date overview of the frontiers in using two-electron reduced-density-matrix theory to compute the energies and properties of atoms and molecules without computing the many-electron wave function. The purpose of this book is to give the reader an up-to-date account of this cutting-edge research in a consistent and understandable framework. There is a need for a book that examines the key advancements from all of the experts in the field in a coherent framework. The book will be of special interest to experts in other areas of electronic structure and/or quantum many-body theory. It will serve equally well as a self-contained guide to learning about reduced density matrices either ithrough self-study or in a classroom as well as an invaluable resource for understanding the critical advancements in the field. The book has the potential to become the classic source for work in the field of two-electron reduced density matrices, so as this becomes a more mainstream topic, interest will grow.
Автор: Cohen-tannoudji, Claude Etc. Dupont-roc, J. Grynbe Название: Photons and atoms ISBN: 0471184330 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780471184331 Издательство: Wiley Рейтинг: Цена: 10973 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: This treatment of quantum electrodynamics begins with elementary quantum theory and classical electrodynamics, then develops the theory of low energy interactions between matter and radiation, including the necessary mathematics.
Описание: Crystal growth far from thermodynamic equilibrium is nothing but homoepitaxy - thin film growth on a crystalline substrate of the same material. Because of the absence of misfit effects, homoepitaxy is an ideal playground to study growth kinetics in its pure form. Despite its conceptual simplicity, homoepitaxy gives rise to a wide range of patterns. This book explains the formation of such patterns in terms of elementary atomic processes, using the well-studied Pt/Pt(111) system as a reference point and a large number of Scanning Tunneling Microscopy images for visualization. Topics include surface diffusion, nucleation theory, island shapes, mound formation and coarsening, and layer-by-layer growth. A separate chapter is dedicated to describing the main experimental and theoretical methods. The text is aimed at physicists with an interest in growth kinetics, surface scientists, graduate students, and practitioners of thin film deposition.
Описание: Relativistic quantum electrodynamics, which describes the electromagneticinteractions of electrons and atomic nuclei, provides the basis for modelling the electronic structure of atoms, molecules and solids and of their interactions with photons and other projectiles. The theory underlying the widely used GRASP relativistic atomic structure program, the DARC electron-atom scattering code and the new BERTHA relativistic molecular structure program is presented in depth, together with computational aspects relevant to practical calculations. Along with an understanding of the physics and mathematics, the reader will gain some idea of how to use these programs to predict energy levels, ionization energies, electron affinities, transition probabilities, hyperfine effects and other properties of atoms and molecules.
Описание: In this book, the editors capture the essence of the progess made in the last 10 years, complementing both the classic Bader book as well as the reputable introductory textbooks in existence. Written for a broad audience, the book begins where the textbooks leave off and takes the reader on an in-depth journey to the cutting edge of current research.
Автор: Demtr?der Название: Atoms, Molecules and Photons ISBN: 3642102972 ISBN-13(EAN): 9783642102974 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 0 р. Наличие на складе: Невозможна поставка.
Описание: This introduction to atomic and molecular physics explains how the present model of atoms and molecules has been developed by experimental discoveries and the introduction of quantum physics to the adequate description of micro-particles.
Описание: A revision of a successful junior/senior level text, this introduction to elementary quantum mechanics clearly explains the properties of the most important quantum systems. Emphasizes the applications of theory, and contains new material on particle physics, electron-positron annihilation in solids and the Mossbauer effect.
Описание: This volume records the proceedings of a Forum attended by many leading researchers working in the field of Electron Density, Density Matrix and Density Functional Theory held at the Coseners' House, Abingdon-on-Thames, Oxfordshire, UK in early summer 2002. It has long been recognized that "All the necessary information required for the energy and for calculating the properties of molecules is embodied in the first- and second-order density matrices". The wave function contains much more information than is required to yield the energy or other property. But the density matrices must correspond to some physically acceptable wave function. Coleman, one of the distinguished participants in the Forum, has dubbed this "Coulson's challenge". His paper describing recent work on the N-representability problem is included in this volume. McWeeny discusses some unsolved problems in density matrix theory and density functional theory; and Bader discusses the use of the electron density in explaining the structure and properties of atoms and molecules. Density Functional Theory is widely used in studies of molecular and solid state systems. Yet the theoretical apparatus for this approach remains under active development. Theophilou describes a new formulation of density functional theory. Gross and his coworkers present a time-dependent theory for molecules in strong laser pulses. Nagy considers pair density functional theory, while Ludena and his colleagues examine functional N-representability in density matrix and density functional theory. The meeting concluded with a Forum, ably chaired by B.T. Sutcliffe, in which the latest research and results were discussed. A record of this Forum is included in this volume. This book will be of value to researchers and research students in theoretical chemistry and theoretical physics whose work involves the theoretical study of atoms, molecules and the solid state. It will be of interest to quantum chemists and solid state physicists, to materials scientists and applied mathematicians.
Описание: Topics that are covered include electron scattering in the scanning TEM; basic theory of inelastic electron imaging; study of confined atoms by electron excitation; helium bubbles created in extreme pressure with application to nuclear safety; lithium ion implantation; electron and positron scattering from clusters; electron scattering from physi- and chemi-absorbed molecules on surfaces; coincidence studies; electron scattering from biological molecules; electron spectroscopy as a tool for environmental science; electron scattering in the presence of intense fields; electron scattering from astrophysical molecules; electon interatctions an detection of x-ray radiation.
Описание: Quantum information describes the new field which bridges quantum physics and information science. The quantum world allows for completely new
architectures and protocols. While originally formulated in continuous quantum variables, the field worked almost exclusively with discrete variables, such as single photons and photon
The renaissance of continuous variables came with European research consortia such as ACQUIRE (Advanced Coherent Quantum Information Research) in the late
1990s, and QUICOV (Quantum Information with Continuous Variables) from 2000-2003. The encouraging research results of QUICOV and the new conference series CVQIP
(Continuous Variable Quantum Information Processing) triggered the idea for this book. This book presents the state of the
rt of quantum information with continuous quantum variables.
The individual chapters discuss results achieved in QUICOV and presented at the first five CVQIP conferences
from 2002-2006. Many world-leading scientists working on continuous variables outside Europe also contribute to the book.
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