The Human Fossil Record, Volume 4, Craniodental Morphology of Early Hominids and Overview, Jeffrey H Schwartz
Автор: Scott Название: Human Tooth Crown and Root Morphology ISBN: 1107480736 ISBN-13(EAN): 9781107480735 Издательство: Cambridge Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 5887 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.
Описание: This guide to scoring crown and root traits in human dentitions substantially builds on a seminal 1991 work by Turner, Nichol, and Scott. It provides detailed descriptions and multiple illustrations of each crown and root trait to help guide researchers to make consistent observations on trait expression, greatly reducing observer error. The book also reflects exciting new developments driven by technology that have significant ramifications for dental anthropology, particularly the recent development of a web-based application that computes the probability that an individual belongs to a particular genogeographic grouping based on combinations of crown and root traits; as such, the utility of these variables is expanded to forensic anthropology. This book is ideal for researchers and graduate students in the fields of dental, physical, and forensic anthropology and will serve as a methodological guide for many years to come.
Описание: In the medical imaging field, clinicians and researchers are increasingly moving from the qualitative assessment of printed images to the quantitative evaluation of digital images since the quantitative techniques often improve diagnostic accuracy and complement clinical assessments by providing objective criteria. Despite this growing interest, the field lacks a comprehensive body of knowledge. Filling the need for a complete manual on these novel techniques, Quantifying Morphology and Physiology of the Human Body Using MRI presents a wide range of quantitative MRI techniques to study the morphology and physiology of the whole body, from the brain to musculoskeletal systems. Illustrating the growing importance of quantitative MRI, the book delivers an indispensable reference for readers who would like to explore in vivo MRI techniques to quantify changes in the morphology and physiology of tissues caused by various disease mechanisms. With internationally renowned experts sharing their insight on the latest developments, the book goes beyond conventional MRI contrast mechanisms to include new techniques that measure electromagnetic and mechanical properties of tissues. Each chapter offers comprehensive information on data acquisition, processing, and analysis techniques as well as clinical applications. The text organizes the techniques based on their primary use either in the brain or the body. Some of the techniques, such as diffusion-weighted imaging and diffusion tensor imaging, span several application areas, including brain imaging, cancer imaging, and musculoskeletal imaging. The book also covers up-and-coming quantitative techniques that explore tissue properties other than the presence of protons (or other MRI-observable nuclei) and their interactions with their environment. These novel techniques provide unique information about the electromagnetic and mechanical properties of tissues and introduce new frontiers of study into disease mechanisms.
A proposal for a radical new view of case morphology, supported by a detailed investigation of some of the thorniest topics in Russian grammar.
In this book, David Pesetsky argues that the peculiarities of Russian nominal phrases provide significant clues concerning the syntactic side of morphological case. Pesetsky argues against the traditional view that case categories such as nominative or genitive have a special status in the grammar of human languages. Supporting his argument with a detailed analysis of a complex array of morpho-syntactic phenomena in the Russian noun phrase (with brief excursions to other languages), he proposes instead that the case categories are just part-of-speech features copied as morphology from head to dependent as syntactic structure is built.
Pesetsky presents a careful investigation of one of the thorniest topics in Russian grammar, the morpho-syntax of noun phrases with numerals (including those traditionally called the paucals). He argues that these bewilderingly complex facts can be explained if case categories are viewed simply as parts of speech, assigned as morphology. Pesetsky's analysis is notable for offering a new theoretical perspective on some of the most puzzling areas of Russian grammar, a highly original account of nominal case that significantly affects our understanding of an important property of language.
Описание: This invaluable reference introduces the most advanced molecular morphological techniques to date. The pioneers of the techniques discussed within contribute step-by-step protocols with tips and guidelines from their own notebooks.
Автор: Agusti, Jordi Anton, Mauricio Название: Mammoths, sabertooths, and hominids ISBN: 0231105894 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780231105897 Издательство: Wiley Рейтинг: Цена: 4813 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.
Описание: From the pre-Columbian era to the present, native Amazonians have shaped the land around them, emphasizing utilization, conservation, and sustainability. These priorities stand in stark contrast to colonial and contemporary exploitation of Amazonia by outside interests. With essays from environmental scientists, botanists, and anthropologists, this volume explores the various effects of human development on Amazonia. The contributors argue that by protecting and drawing on local knowledge and values, further environmental ruin can be avoided.
Автор: Agusti, Jordi Anton, Mauricio Название: Mammoths, sabertooths and hominids ISBN: 0231116403 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780231116404 Издательство: Wiley Рейтинг: Цена: 13750 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Since 1947 the nations of India and Pakistan have been locked in a seemingly endless spiral of hostility over the disputed territory of Kashmir. In this book, Sumit Ganguly asserts that the two nations remain mired in conflict due to inherent features of their nationalist agendas. Describes the aftermath of the extinction of the dinosaurs and the glacial climax of the Pleistocene epoch. This book also describes the rain forests of the Paleocene and the Eocene, with their lemur-like primates, and the harsh landscape of the Pleistocene Steppes, home to the woolly mammoth. It traces the processes of mammalian evolution.
Автор: Jerome L. Packard Название: The Morphology of Chinese ISBN: 0521026105 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780521026109 Издательство: Cambridge Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 5614 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.
Описание: This ground breaking study dispels the common belief that Chinese ‘doesn’t have words’ but instead ‘has characters’. Jerome Packard’s book provides a comprehensive discussion of the linguistic and cognitive nature of Chinese words. It shows that Chinese, far from being ‘morphologically impoverished’, has a different morphological system because it selects different ‘settings’ on parameters shared by all languages. The analysis of Chinese word formation therefore enhances our understanding of word universals. Packard describes the intimate relationship between words and their components, including how the identities of Chinese morphemes are word-driven, and offers new insights into the evolution of morphemes based on Chinese data. Models are offered for how Chinese words are stored in the mental lexicon and processed in natural speech, showing that much of what native speakers know about words occurs innately in the form of a hard-wired, specifically linguistic ‘program’ in the brain.
Автор: Booij G.E., van Marle J. Название: Yearbook of Morphology 2000 ISBN: 0792370821 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780792370826 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 23793 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.
Описание: A revival of interest in morphology has occurred during recent years. The Yearbook of Morphology series, published since 1988, has proven to be an eminent support for this upswing of morphological research, since it contains articles on topics which are central in the current theoretical debates which are frequently referred to. The Yearbook of Morphology 2000 focuses on the relation between morphology and syntax. First, a number of articles is devoted to the ways in which morphological features can be expressed in the grammar of natural languages, both by morphological and syntactic devices. This also raises the more general issue of how we have to conceive of the relation between form and (grammatical) meaning. Several formalisms for inflectional paradigms are proposed. In addition, this volume deals with the demarcation between morphology and syntax: to which extent can syntactic principles and generalizations be used for a proper account of the morphology of a language? The languages discussed are Potawatomi, Latin, Greek, Romanian, West-Greenlandic, and German. A special feature of this volume is a section devoted to the analysis of the morphosyntax of a number of Austronesian languages, which are also relevant for deepening our insights into the relation between our morphology and syntax. Audience: Theoretical, descriptive, and historical linguists, morphologists, phonologists, computational linguists, and psycholinguists will find this book of interest.
Описание: The volume describes analytical methods used in the analysis of macromolecular materials and elucidation of their structure. The techniques described reflect some of the recent advances which have been made in the development of methods for characterisation and sizing of molecules in solution and solid phases. The chapters are tutorial in nature and are extensively referenced and represent a significant source of information on the application of these techniques within the context of polymer science. International contributors Reflects recent advances in the applications of analytical techniques for polymer characterisation
Автор: Beesley, Kenneth R. Название: Finite State Morphology ISBN: 1575864347 ISBN-13(EAN): 9781575864341 Издательство: Wiley Рейтинг: Цена: 3506 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.
Описание: The finite-state paradigm of computer sciences has provided a basis for natural-language applications that are efficient, elegant and robust. This volume is a
practical guide to finite-state theory and the affiliated programming languages lexc and xfst. Readers will learn how to write tokenizers, spelling checkers, and especially morphological
analyzer/generators for words in English, French, Finnish, Hungarian and other languages.
Included are graded introductions, examples, and exercises suitable for individual
study as well as formal courses. These take advantage of widely tested lexc and xfst applications that are just becoming available for noncommercial use via the Internet.
Описание: Annelida, mainly consisting of marine Polychaeta and in faunal and partly parasitic Clitellata, is one the most significant metazoan taxa. Its more than 20.000 described species invade nearly all habitats and play a central role in marine benthic systems as well as in terrestrial soil communities. Annelids include all soft-bodied segmented worm-like organisms and have been recognized as a separate "phylum" for almost 200 years.Recently, evidence has been accumulated which shows that some of the groups formerly regarded as independent "phyla" such as Pogonophora (now recognized as Siboglinidae), Echiura, Myzostomida and perhaps Sipuncula, are most probably nothing else than greatly modified Annelida. The extreme morphological diversity found especially in Polychaeta displays the plasticity of a simple segmented organisation that basically is nothing else but a serial repetition of identical units. Thus, annelids are highly important to our understanding of fundamental questions about morphological and adaptive diversity, as well as clarifying evolutionary changes and phylogenetic relationships.The book aims to summarize our knowledge on Polychaetes polychaetes and their allies and gives an overview of recent advances gained by studies that employed conventional and modern methods plus, increasingly and importantly, the use of molecular markers and computer-assisted kinship analyses. It also reflects the state of art in polychaete sciences and presents new questions and controversies. As such it will significantly influence the direction of research on Polychaeta and their related taxa.
Автор: Ravid Название: Spelling Morphology: ISBN: 1441905871 ISBN-13(EAN): 9781441905871 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 15591 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Modern Hebrew is a highly synthetic Semitic language—its lexicon is rich in morphemes. This volume supplies the first in-depth psycholinguistic analysis of the interaction between morphological knowledge and spelling in Hebrew. It also examines how far this model can be applied to other languages. Anchored to a connectionist, cognitive, cross-linguistic and typological framework, the study accords with today’s perception of spelling as being much more than a mere technical skill. Contemporary psycholinguistic literature views spelling as a window on what people know about words and their structure. The strong correlation between orthographies and morphological units makes linking consistent grammatical and lexical representation and spelling units in speaker-writers a key research goal. Hebrew’s wealth of morphological structures, reflected in its written form, promotes morphological perception and strategies in those who speak and write it, adding vitality and relevance to this work.
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