Автор: Svelto, Orazio Название: Principles of lasers ISBN: 1441913017 ISBN-13(EAN): 9781441913012 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 7475 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: This fifth edition of Principles of Lasers includes corrections to the previous edition as well as being the first available as an ebook. Its mission remains to provide a broad, unified description of laser behavior, physics, technology, and applications.
Автор: Shen, Y.R. Название: The Principles of Nonlinear Optics ISBN: 0471430803 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780471430803 Издательство: Wiley Рейтинг: Цена: 11077 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Gives a comprehensive treatment of nonlinear optics emphasizing physical concepts and the relationship between theory and experiment. This work describes a number of sub topics in the field. It includes references and illustrations which help beginners and practitioners interested in gaining a more understanding of the subject.
Описание: There has been a revived interest in Raman amplification due to the availability of high pump powers and improvements in small core size fibers. Two general categories of Raman amplifiers exist: distributed and discrete, also known as DRAs. They improve the noise figure and reduce the nonlinear penalty of the amplifier, allowing for longer amplifiers spans, higher bit rates, closer channel spacings, and operation near the zero dispersion wavelength. DRAs are already becoming commonplace in most long-haul networks. Consequently, Raman amplifiers should see a wide range of deployment in the next few years. This edited monograph is written by leading experts in this area and is the first book entirely devoted to Raman amplification. Three sections include extensive background on Raman physics, descriptions of sub-systems and modules utilizing Raman technology, and a review of current state-of-the-art systems. Technologies presented include applications for long-haul and ultra-long-haul submarine, terrestrial, soliton, and high-speed systems. This book will be a resource for scientists and optical engineers in optoelectronics, fiber optics, telecommunication, and optical networks.
Описание: Measurement techniques form the basis of our knowledge about atmospheric composition and chemistry. Presently, important questions of atmospheric chemistry center on urban pollution, free-radical chemistry, degradation of greenhouse gases and the budgets of tropospheric and stratospheric ozone.Among the many different optical spectroscopic methods that are in use, DOAS has emerged as a universal technique to measure the concentrations of atmospheric trace gases by making use of the characteristic absorption features of gas molecules along a path of known length in the open atmosphere. Written for graduate students and researchers with a general background in environmental physics, this book especially addresses the needs of those working in the field of atmospheric chemistry, pollution monitoring, and volcanology.
Описание: The book emphasizes the role of surface effects in optical phenomena in nanoscience from two different perspectives. When systems are reduced in volume, the surface versus volume ratio increases: this translates, at the level of single nanostructures, into enhanced role of interfacial chemistry and thermodynamics, and, at the level of systems of nanostructures, into larger density on interfaces, which in turn leads to intriguing collective effects, such as plasmonics or multiple reflection and refraction phenomena. The book aims to highlight both perspectives presenting sample applications, with no claim of being exhaustive, but rather attempting to stimulate the reader in this potentially rewarding field.
Описание: Beginning with a comprehensive presentation of the fundamentals and limitations of nanotechnology and MEMS fabrication techniques, this book addresses the physics germane to this dimensional regime, namely, quantum wave-particle phenomena, including manifestation of charge discreteness, quantized electrostatic actuation, and the Casimir effect.
Описание: Digital (or electronic) holography and its application to 3-D display is one of the formidable problems of evolving areas of high technology that has been receiving great attention in recent years. Indeed, the "Holy Grail" for 3-D display is the realization of life-size interactive 3-D displays. Obviously, we are not there yet, but advances in 3-D display allow us to make important steps towards the Holy Grail. The theme of this book is to organize a collection of key chapters that covers digital holography and 3-D display techniques so as to provide the reader with the state-of-the-art developments in these important areas around the world.
Описание: This work attempts to convey a broad understanding of the physical principles underlying the workings of these quantum-based atomic clocks, with introductory chapters placing them in context with the early development of mechanical clocks and the introduction of electronic time-keeping as embodied in the quartz-controlled clocks. While the book makes no pretense at being a history of atomic clocks, it nevertheless takes a historical perspective in its treatment of the subject.Intended for nonspecialists with some knowledge of physics or engineering, The Quantum Beat covers a wide range of salient topics relevant to atomic clocks, treated in a broad intuitive manner with a minimum of mathematical formalism. Detailed descriptions are given of the design principles of the rubidium, cesium, hydrogen maser, and mercury ion standards; the revolutionary changes that the advent of the laser has made possible, such as laser cooling, optical pumping, the formation of "optical molasses," and the cesium "fountain" standard; and the time-based global navigation systems, Loran-C and the Global Positioning System. Also included are topics that bear on the precision and absolute accuracy of standards, such as noise, resonance line shape, the relativistic Doppler effect as well as more general relativistic notions of time relevant to synchronization of remote clocks, and time reversal symmetry.This edition retains the essentially didactic approach to the treatment of the development of atomic clocks in the first edition, but brings up to date the extraordinary developments in recent years, culminating in clocks based on quantum resonance at optical frequency in individual ions confined in miniature electromagnetic traps. These, together with advances in the generation of wide-band coherent frequency combs spanning the spectrum as far as the optical range, has made possible the direct measurement of phenomena occurring at optical frequencies! As a result of these recent advances, in addition to the time-based GPS and LORAN C navigation systems treated in the first edition, other important applications of a fundamental scientific interest have become feasible. These include satellite-borne tests of the theory of general relativity and the equivalence principle on which it is based.As with the first edition, the book is intended for students and non-specialists; hence the material is not rigidly formal, is mostly self-contained, and presented in a broad intuitive manner with a minimum of mathematical formalism.
Описание: A reference and graduate text on laser spectroscopy. It features an array of material on - frequency doubling in external cavities, reliable cw-parametric oscillators, tunable narrow-band UV sources, more sensitive detection techniques, and tunable femtosecond and sub-femtosecond lasers (X-ray region and the attosecond range).
Описание: The proposed book deals with fundamental principles and applications of spectroscopic ellipsometry (SE). It will be organized so that non-experts will be able to understand fundamental principles and applications of SE. An overview of SE technologies will be described in Chapter 1. Chapters 2 and 3 will present provide the fundamental knowledge of optics required to utilize the technique. Following on from these two chapters, the understanding of the principles of spectroscopic ellipsometry (Chapter 4) is described. The book will then focus on the data analysis of results obtained from SE: Fundamental data analyses, principles and physical backgrounds will be described in Chapter 5; In Chapter 6, examples of SE analyses for various materials used in different fields from LSI industry to biotechnology are described and in the final chapter will describe the latest developments of real-time monitoring and process control that have attracted significant attention in various scientific and industrial fields.
Автор: Glindemann Название: Principles of Stellar Interferometry ISBN: 3642150276 ISBN-13(EAN): 9783642150272 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 11359 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Over the last decade, stellar interferometry has developed from a specialist tool to a mainstream observing technique, attracting scientists whose research benefits from milliarcsecond angular resolution. Stellar interferometry has become part of the astronomer’s toolbox, complementing single-telescope observations by providing unique capabilities that will advance astronomical research. This carefully written book is intended to provide a solid understanding of the principles of stellar interferometry to students starting an astronomical research project in this field or to develop instruments and to astronomers using interferometry but who are not interferometrists per se. Illustrated by excellent drawings and calculated graphs the imaging process in stellar interferometers is explained starting from first principles on light propagation and diffraction, wave propagation through turbulence is described in detail using Kolmogorov statistics, the impact of turbulence on the imaging process is discussed both for single telescopes and for interferometers, instrumental techniques like beam combination and array layout are described, and the requirements for delay lines are derived, visibility measurements (modulus and phase) through turbulence are analyzed and limitations are quantified, correction methods (fringe tracking and adaptive optics) are presented, discussing closed loop operation with a dual feed system. The book closes with examples of contemporary stellar interferometers and useful appendices on the Fourier transform and atmospheric transmission bands.
Автор: Liu Название: Principles of Photonics ISBN: 1107164281 ISBN-13(EAN): 9781107164284 Издательство: Cambridge Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 7597 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: With this self-contained and comprehensive text, students will gain a detailed understanding of the fundamental concepts and major principles of photonics. Assuming only a basic background in optics, readers are guided through key topics such as the nature of optical fields, the properties of optical materials, and the principles of major photonic functions regarding the generation, propagation, coupling, interference, amplification, modulation, and detection of optical waves or signals. Numerous examples and problems are provided throughout to enhance understanding, and a solutions manual containing detailed solutions and explanations is available online for instructors. This is the ideal resource for electrical engineering and physics undergraduates taking introductory, single-semester or single-quarter courses in photonics, providing them with the knowledge and skills needed to progress to more advanced courses on photonic devices, systems and applications.
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