Theoretical Concepts in Physics, Malcolm S. Longair
Автор: Davidovits, Paul (Boston College, Massachusetts, USA) Название: Physics in Biology and Medicine- 4th Edition ISBN: 0123865131 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780123865137 Издательство: Elsevier Science Рейтинг: Цена: 6462 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Physics in Biology and Medicine, Fourth Edition, covers topics in physics as they apply to the life sciences, specifically medicine, physiology, nursing and other applied health fields. This is a concise introductory paperback that provides practical techniques for applying knowledge of physics to the study of living systems and presents material in a straightforward manner requiring very little background in physics or biology. Applicable courses are Biophysics and Applied Physics. This new edition discusses biological systems that can be analyzed quantitatively, and how advances in the life sciences have been aided by the knowledge of physical or engineering analysis techniques. The volume is organized into 18 chapters encompassing thermodynamics, electricity, optics, sound, solid mechanics, fluid mechanics, and atomic and nuclear physics. Each chapter provides a brief review of the background physics before focusing on the applications of physics to biology and medicine. Topics range from the role of diffusion in the functioning of cells to the effect of surface tension on the growth of plants in soil and the conduction of impulses along the nervous system. Each section contains problems that explore and expand some of the concepts. The text includes many figures, examples and illustrative problems and appendices which provide convenient access to the most important concepts of mechanics, electricity, and optics in the body. Physics in Biology and Medicine will be a valuable resource for students and professors of physics, biology, and medicine, as well as for applied health workers.
Автор: Newman, Jay Название: Physics of the life sciences / Newman, Jay. - Springer, 2008 ISBN: 0387772588 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780387772585 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 8094 р. Наличие на складе: Есть (1 шт.) Описание: Suitable for life science students, this book integrates modern biology, biophysics and medical techniques. It helps students to focus on the physics concepts of kinematics, forces and energy without being distracted by the ideas of vector analysis. It includes worked examples and photos and line drawings.
Описание: Relating Einstein`s mass-energy formula E=mc2 to the global climate, this title proceeds to examine the structure and dynamics of the atmosphere, from the synoptic scale through to the microscale, including the interaction of living things with their environment.
Описание: This book presents a synthesis of what we learned about particle acceleration and kinematics from recent solar flare observations with the Yohkoh, SoHO, TRACE, CGRO spacecraft and radio instruments over the last decade. It deals with the topology of magnetic reconnection regions, discusses the geometry, small-scale dynamics, and electromagnetic fields of acceleration region in solar flares, provides a systematic description of the relativistic kinematics of particle acceleration, propagation, time-of-flight measurements, particle trapping, precipitation, and the resulting emissions in gamma rays, hard X-rays, and radio wavelengths. It is the first monograph on these solar flare topics, written for the level of graduate students and researchers in the field of solar physics, astrophysics, and magnetospheric physics.
Автор: Krey Название: Basic Theoretical Physics ISBN: 3540368043 ISBN-13(EAN): 9783540368045 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 6924 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.
Описание: This concise treatment embraces, in four parts, all the main aspects of theoretical physics (I . Mechanics and Basic Relativity, II. Electrodynamics and Aspects of Optics, III. Non-relativistic Quantum Mechanics, IV. Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics). It summarizes the material that every graduate student, physicist working in industry, or physics teacher should master during his or her degree course. It thus serves both as an excellent revision and preparation tool, and as a convenient reference source, covering the whole of theoretical physics. It may also be successfully employed to deepen its readers' insight and add new dimensions to their understanding of these fundamental concepts. Recent topics such as holography and quantum cryptography are included, thus making this a unique contribution to the learning material for theoretical physics.
Описание: This book brings together the essential ideas and methods behind current applications of variational theory in theoretical physics and chemistry. The emphasis is on understanding physical and computational applications of variational methodology rather than on rigorous mathematical formalism. The text begins with an historical survey of familiar variational principles in classical mechanics and optimization theory, then proceeds to develop the variational principles and formalism behind current computational methodology for bound and continuum quantum states of interacting electrons in atoms, molecules, and condensed matter. It covers multiple-scattering theory, including a detailed presentation of contemporary methodology for electron-impact rotational and vibrational excitation of molecules. The book ends with an introduction to the variational theory of relativistic fields. Ideal for graduate students and researchers in any field that uses variational methodology, this book is particularly suitable as a backup reference for lecture courses in mathematical methods in physics and theoretical chemistry.
Описание: Through the study of the ideas of the great fathers of theoretical physics, such as Ampere, Weber, Helmholtz, Maxwell, Boltzmann, Einstein, and Schrodinger,
this history affords an improved understanding of modern physics. The author's main field of interest concerns the physicists' conceptions of the methods and nature of science. In his
view, innovative conceptions contributed to important achievements in theoretical physics.
Dissenting from the historiography of the linear development of scientific ideas, He
duly underlines the fact that, in the passage from 19th-century electrodynamics to theoretical physics, the process of mathematization varied remarkably, ranging from Ampere's and
Weber's algebraization to Maxwell's attention to mathematical analogies and dimensional analysis, not to mention Einstein's non-Euclidean approach to general relativity and the
via-operators formulation of quantum theory. D'Agostino describes how, in the same period of time, physicists modified their ideas on the theory-experiment relationship, as shown, for
example, by Hertz's theoretical holism, and by Boltzmann's discrediting of crucial experiments. He catalogues a large number of not easily available quotations from primary sources in
the history of physics, as well as references to more recent secondary literature.
As such, this book should prove useful to modern scientists and philosophers, and it could be
influential in orienting teachers towards new approaches
o teaching physics at undergraduate and postgraduate levels. It is aimed at historians of physics, epistemologists, professors of physics, PhD candidates in history of science,
undergraduate and graduate students in history of physics and of science, and, last but not least, the cultured lay general reader.
Описание: The book gathers the lecture notes of the Les Houches Summer School that was held in August 2011 for an audience of advanced graduate students and post-doctoral fellows in particle physics, theoretical physics, and cosmology, areas where new experimental results were on the verge of being discovered at CERN.
Описание: All there is to know about functional analysis, integral equations and calculus of variations in a single volume. This advanced textbook is divided into two parts: The first on integral equations and the second on the calculus of variations. It begins with a short introduction to functional analysis, including a short review of complex analysis, before continuing a systematic discussion of different types of equations, such as Volterra integral equations, singular integral equations of Cauchy type, integral equations of the Fredholm type, with a special emphasis on Wiener-Hopf integral equations and Wiener-Hopf sum equations. After a few remarks on the historical development, the second part starts with an introduction to the calculus of variations and the relationship between integral equations and applications of the calculus of variations. It further covers applications of the calculus of variations developed in the second half of the 20th century in the fields of quantumchanics, quantum statistical mechanics and quantum field theory. Throughout the book, the author presents over 150 problems and exercises ¿ many from such branches of physics as quantum mechanics, quantum statistical mechanics, and quantum field theory ¿ together with outlines of the solutions in each case. Detailed solutions are given, supplementing the materials discussed in the main text, allowing problems to be solved making direct use of the method illustrated. The original references are given for difficult problems. The result is complete coverage of the mathematical tools and techniques used by physicists and applied mathematicians Intended for senior undergraduates and first-year graduates in science and engineering, this is equally useful as a reference and self-study guide.
Автор: Longair Название: Quantum Concepts in Physics ISBN: 1107017092 ISBN-13(EAN): 9781107017092 Издательство: Cambridge Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 7394 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Written for advanced undergraduates, physicists, and historians and philosophers of physics, this book tells the story of the development of our understanding of quantum phenomena through the extraordinary years of the first three decades of the twentieth century. Rather than following the standard axiomatic approach, this book adopts a historical perspective, explaining clearly and authoritatively how pioneers such as Heisenberg, Schrodinger, Pauli and Dirac developed the fundamentals of quantum mechanics and merged them into a coherent theory, and why the mathematical infrastructure of quantum mechanics has to be as complex as it is. The author creates a compelling narrative, providing a remarkable example of how physics and mathematics work in practice. The book encourages an enhanced appreciation of the interaction between mathematics, theory and experiment, helping the reader gain a deeper understanding of the development and content of quantum mechanics than any other text at this level.
Описание: Dedication. Acknowledgements. Preface. Part 1: Introduction. 1. Massive Rock Slope Failure Phenomena; S. G. Evans et al. 2. Single Event Landslides Resulting from Massive Rock Slope Failure: Characterising their Frequency and Impact on Society; S.G. Evans.- Part 2: Analysis Of Initial Rock Slope Failure. 3. On the Initiation of Large Rockslides: Perspectives from a New Analysis of the Vaiont Movement Record; D.N. Petley, D.J. Petley. 4. From Cause to Effect - Using Numerical Modelling to Understand Rock Slope Instability Mechanisms; E. Eberhardt. 5. Gravitational Creep of Rock Slopes as Pre-collapse Deformation and some Problems in its Modelling; A.A. Varga. 6. Models Available to Understand Failure and Pre-failure Behaviour of Large Rock Slope Movements: The Case of La ClapiГЄre, Southern Alps, France; V. Merrien-Soukatchoff, Y. Gunzberger. 7. Numerical Modelling ofRock Slopes Using a Total Slope Failure Approach; D. Stead, J. Coggan. 8. The Role of Topographic Amplification on the Initiation of Rock Slope Failures During Earthquakes; W. Murphy.-Part 3: Monitoring Of Rock Slope Movement. 9. Application of Ground Based Radar Interferometry to Monitor an Active Rockslide and Implications for Emergency Management; N. Casagli et al. 10. Monitoring and Assessing State of Activity of Slope Instabilities by the Permanent Scatterers Technique; C. Colesanti et al.- Part 4: Analysis Of Post-Failure Behaviour. 11. Forecasting Runout of Rock and Debris Avalanches; R.M. Iverson. 12. Contjnuum Numerical Modelling of Flow-like Landslides; G.B. Crosta et al. 13. Landslide Mobility and the Role of Water; F. Legros. 14. Rock Avalanche Occurrence, Process, and Modelling; O. Hunger. 15. Mobility of Rock Avalanches Triggered by Underground Nuclear Explosions; V.V. Adushkin. 16. Rapid Rock Mass Flow with Dynamic Fragmentation: Inferences from the Morphology and Internal Structure of Rockslides and Rock Avalanches; M.J. McSaveney, T.R.H. Davies. 17. Morphology and Internal Structure of Rockslide and Rock Avalanches: Grounds and Constraints for their Modelling; A.L. Strom.- Part 5: Case Studies Of Massive Rock Slope Failure. 18. The Flims Rockslide: History of lnterpretation and New Data; A. von Poschinger et al. 19. Rock Avalanche and Mountain Slope Deformation in a Convex Dip-Slope: The Case of the Maiella Massif, Central Italy; G. Scarascia Mugnozza et al. 20. Slow-Moving Disintegrating Rockslides on Mountain Slopes; R. Couture, S. G. Evans. 21. Edoardo Semenza: The Importance of Geological and Geomorphological Factors for the Identification of the Ancient Vaiont Rockslide; M. Ghirotti. 22. Failure Mechanisms and Runout Behaviour of Three Rock Avalanches in North Eastern Italian Alps; R. Genevois et al.- Part 6: Volcanic Landslides. 23. Large Modern Collapses on the Active Volcanoes of Kamchatka: Causes and Mechanisms of Formation; I.V. Melekestsev. 24. Assessing Massive Flank Collapse at Stratovolcanoes Using 3-D Slope Stability Analysis; M.E. Reid, D.L. Brien. 25. Catastrophic Volcanic Landslides: The La Orotava Events on Tenerife, Canary Islands; M. Hurlimann, A. Ledesma.- Part 7: Regional Studies Of Massive Rock Slope Failure. 26. Rock Slope Failures in Norwegian Fjord Areas: Examples, Spatial Distribution and Temporal Pattern; L.H. Blikra et al. 27. Rock Avalanching in the NW Argentine Andes as a result of Complex Interactions of Lithologic, Structural and Topographic Boundary Conditions, Climate Change and Active Tectonics; R.L. Hermanns et al. 28. Rock Avalanches with Complex Run Out and Emplacement, Karakoram Himalaya, Inner Asia; K. Hewitt. 29. Dissected Rockslide and Rock-Avalanche Deposits, Tien Shan, Kyrgizstan; K. Abdrakhmatov, A.L. Strom.- Part 8: Influences On Geomorphological Evolution. 30. Landslide-driven Erosion and Topographic Evolution of Active Mountain Belts; N. Hovius, C.P. Stark. 31. Landslide-driven Erosion Impacts of Landslide Dams on Mountain Valley Morphology R.L. Schuster.- Part 9: State-Of-The-Art. 32. Massive Rock Slope Failure: Perspectives and Retrospectives on State-of-the-Art; J.N. Hutchinson.
Автор: T. Padmanabhan Название: Theoretical Astrophysics ISBN: 0521566304 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780521566308 Издательство: Cambridge Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 9448 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.
Описание: This timely volume provides comprehensive coverage of all aspects of cosmology and extragalactic astronomy at an advanced level. Beginning with an overview of the key observational results and necessary terminology, it goes on to cover important topics including the theory of galactic structure and galactic dynamics, structure formation, cosmic microwave background radiation, formation of luminous galaxies in the universe, intergalactic medium and active galactic nuclei. Topics are developed in a contemporary fashion, with emphasis on currently active research areas. This self-contained text has a modular structure, and contains over one hundred worked exercises. It can be used alone, or in conjunction with the previous two accompanying volumes (Volume I: Astrophysical Processes, and Volume II: Stars and Stellar Systems). The textbook develops all aspects of extragalactic astronomy and cosmology in a detailed and pedagogical way, and will be invaluable to researchers and graduate students of extragalactic astronomy, astrophysics and theoretical physics.
ООО "Логосфера " Тел:+7(495) 980-12-10 www.logobook.ru