Описание: The primary purpose of this collection of is to communicate some of the basic ideas and concepts of the sub-fields of biometeorology as they relate to climate change. The volume explores ideas and provides a basis for a new vision for biometeorology.
Автор: Salinger J.D. Название: Increasing Climate Variability and Change ISBN: 1402033540 ISBN-13(EAN): 9781402033544 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 14854 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: One of the major challenges facing humankind is to provide an equitable standard of living for this and future generations: adequate food, water and energy,
safe shelter and a healthy environment. Human-induced climate change, and increasing climate variability, as well as other global environmental issues such as land degradation and
loss of biological diversity, threaten our ability to meet these basic human needs. It is undisputed that the last two decades have been the warmest this century, and likely to be the
warmest for the last 1000 years, sea level is rising, rain and snowfall patterns are changing.
Arctic sea ice
s thinning and the frequency and intensity of El-Nino events appear to be increasing. In addition, the frequency of extreme events is rising and many parts of the world have recently
suffered major heat-waves, floods and droughts leading to significant loss of life and economic costs. This requires the global community to give urgent attention to addressing key
The range of adaptation options for agriculture and forestry is generally increasing because of technological advances, thus reducing the vulnerability of these systems
to climate change. However, some regions of the world, particularly developing countries, have limited access to these technologies. Agriculture and forestry are currently not optimally
managed with respect to today's natural climate variability.
Decreasing the vulnerability of agriculture and forestry to increasing climatic variability will go a long way towards
reducing the long-term vulnerability to climate change. This book represents a major step in assessing the science of climate variability and change, and their likely impacts on
agriculture and forestry, with clear adaptation strategies required to reduce their vulnerability.
Описание: The world's mountain systems, including the people in them, have gained international attention in the last few decades. The United Nations' International Year of Mountains-2002 can be regarded as the culmination of a long process involving research, development of research networks, a greater awareness by various sectors of society of the critical importance of mountain regions for a sustainable future, and recognition of that fact by policy makers. This volume reviews recent climatic trends in high elevation regions of the world, assessing the reliability of various environmental indicators that can be used for monitoring climatic change, and assessing whether physical impacts of climatic change in high elevation areas are becoming evident, and to discuss a range of monitoring strategies needed to observe and to understand the nature of such changes.
Описание: This is the first book to report the data and the metadata of the seven longest European series of temperature and pressure observations, dating back to the 18th century. Data are reported in daily resolution that is fundamental for high frequency climate variability and extreme events analysis. The book includes a CD-ROM that contains the data, providing a unique opportunity to study climate change starting prior to the period of the industrial era. The observational errors of early and modern instruments are discussed in order to apply these results to other case studies, so as to correct errors and inhomogeneities in the long series. This book is addressed to meteorologists, climate and environmental scientists, teachers and/or consultants.
Описание: This book presents for the first time a comprehensive analysis of various aspects of air temperature and atmospheric precipitation variability over a period of instrumental observation in the Arctic, using data from stations, updated to the year 2000. A summary is also provided of the current state of knowledge concerning climatic change in the Arctic, including a comprehensive review of literature, updated to 2001. The climatology of the studied elements with seasonal resolution is presented for the period 1951-1990. In contrast to the majority of publications in the field, the analysis presented here is for the "real" Arctic, the boundary of which has been delimited using a range of climatic criteria. For the first time, extreme temperatures are also included in the analysis. The book is intended for all those with a general interest in fields of meteorology, climatology, and with a knowledge of the application of statistics in these areas.
Описание: This book contains tutorial and review articles as well as specific research letters that cover a wide range of topics: (1) dynamics of atmospheric variability from both basic theory and data analysis, (2) physical and mathematical problems in climate modeling and numerical weather prediction, (3) theories of atmospheric radiative transfer.
Автор: Artem S. Sarkisyan; J?rgen E. S?ndermann Название: Modelling Ocean Climate Variability ISBN: 1402092075 ISBN-13(EAN): 9781402092077 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 15728 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Offers a comprehensive review of the historical development and status of ocean circulation models. This book looks back at the evolution of Western and Eastern modelling methodologies during the second half of the last century. It also presents the information on ocean climate modelling and offers examples for a number of oceans and shelf seas.
Описание: "Effects of Climate Change and Variability on the Agricultural Production Systems" provides an integrated assessment of global climate changes impact on
agriculture at the farm level, in the context of farm level adaptation decisions. Ten agricultural areas in the Upper Midwest region - the heart of the United States' corn belt - were
subjected to clim
te change and changing climate variability scenarios through simulations of future climate using results from general circulation models. Crop growth models, calibrated to the study sites,
were used to simulate yields under varying climate conditions.
Farm level production and economic analyses were performed to determine what adaptation strategies might be
best utilized to maintain production and profitability for producers under conditions of global climate change and changing climate variability. Similar integrated analyses from Australia
and Argentina provide comparisons from different regions.
Описание: This book provides a major synthesis of evidence for past climate variability at the regional and continental scale across Europe and Africa. It focuses on two
complementary time-scales, the Holocene (approximately the last 11,500 years) and the last glacial-interglacial cycle (approximately the last 130,000 years). An overview of the climate
system of the past has never been attempted before on this scale, and, as such, the volume represents a benchmark for future resea
It is written by an expert group of climate change scientists and presents an insight into past climate variability that challenges climatologists who seek to explain climate
dynamics of the past and provides climate modellers with a work of reference for data-model comparison. The book is an advanced but very readable text essential for all students and
scientists interested in global environmental change.
Описание: Whilst there is now overwhelming evidence that greenhouse-gas pollution is becoming the dominant process responsible for global warming, it is also clear that
the climate system varies quite naturally on different time-scales. Predicting the course of future climate change consequently requires an understanding of the natural variability of the
climate system as well as the effects of human-induced change. This book is concerned with our current understanding of natural climate change, its variability on decadal to centennial
time-scales, the extent to which climate models of different kinds simulate past variability, and the role of past climate variability in explaining changes to natural ecosystems and to
human society over the later part of the Holocene.The book highlights the need to improve not only our understanding of the physical system through time but also to improve our
knowledge of how people may have influenced the climate system in the past and have been influenced by it, both directly and indirectly.
This ground-breaking text
addresses predictable modification in the climate system in the context of global warming. Ideal for researchers and advanced students, it explores current thinking on natural climate
change. It addresses the natural variability of the climate system in the context of global warmi
It contributes substantially to the ongoing discussion on global warming. It integrates state-of-the-art research and brings together modeling and data communities in a
balanced way. It considers questions of climate change on different time-scales.
Автор: Edited by Michael H. Glantz Название: Climate Variability, Climate Change and Fisheries ISBN: 0521017823 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780521017824 Издательство: Cambridge Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 5204 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: As we approach the end of the twentieth century, public and scientific attention is focusing increasingly on the detection and assessment of changes in our environment. This unique volume addresses the potential implications of global warming for fisheries and the societies which depend on them. Using a ‘forecasting by analogy’ approach, which draws upon experiences from the recent past in coping with regional fluctuations in the abundance or availability of living marine resources, it is shown how we might be able to assess our ability to respond to the consequences of future environmental changes induced by a potential global warming. The book takes the form of a series of integrated case studies from around the globe, which are presented by an interdisciplinary group of leading researchers. This important and thought-provoking volume will be of interest to a wide range of scientists working in the fields of biology, marine and environmental science, climatology, economics and anthropology, as well as resource managers and policy makers concerned with the health and future of living marine resources.
Описание: This volume reports the results of a rigorous and quantitative assessment of the impacts of climate change on US agriculture. It advances work on climate impacts by using scenarios from state-of-the-art climate models. It describes the forces likely to shape US agriculture over the next century, including policy and economic issues, and their interaction with climate change. It offers directions for future research and implications of climate change for agricultural policy. The basic findings are that climate change is positive for agriculture production although southern parts of the US could be harmed. Negative consequences of climate change include effects on pesticide use, run-off of nutrients into coastal areas, and potential regional conflicts for some groundwater sources. This authoritative assessment will be accessible to a broad readership of students, researchers, and policymakers.
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