Описание: Quantum Monte Carlo is a large class of computer algorithms that simulate quantum systems to solve many body systems in order to investigate the electronic structure of many-body systems. This book presents a numeric approach to determine the electronic structure of atoms, molecules and solids.
Описание: It is the first application to nuclear physics from energy-density functional method, for which Professor Walter Kohn received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. The book presents a comprehensive extension of the Bohr-Wheeler theory with the present knowledge of nuclear density distribution function.
Описание: Intensive research is being devoted to improving performance and reducing failure rates of compact yet powerful batteries. This title provides first-hand knowledge about the design of safe and powerful batteries and the methods and approaches for enhancing the performance of next-generation batteries.
Описание: Density functional theory (DFT) has become a major technique in quantum chemical calculations. In particular, its very good "price/performance" ratio has attracted a lot of attention to DFT. There is now an ever growing number of DFT applications in the computational chemistry literature.
Автор: Engel Название: Density Functional Theory ISBN: 3642140890 ISBN-13(EAN): 9783642140891 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 9345 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Density Functional Theory (DFT) has firmly established itself as the workhorse for atomic-level simulations of condensed phases, pure or composite materials and quantum chemical systems. This work offers a rigorous and detailed introduction to the foundations of this theory, up to and including such advanced topics as orbital-dependent functionals as well as both time-dependent and relativistic DFT. Given the many ramifications of contemporary DFT, the text concentrates on the self-contained presentation of the basics of the most widely used DFT variants: this implies a thorough discussion of the corresponding existence theorems and effective single particle equations, as well as of key approximations utilized in implementations. The formal results are complemented by selected quantitative results, which primarily aim at illustrating the strengths and weaknesses of particular approaches or functionals. The structure and content of this book allow a tutorial and modular self-study approach: the reader will find that all concepts of many-body theory which are indispensable for the discussion of DFT - such as the single-particle Green's function or response functions - are introduced step by step, along with the actual DFT material. The same applies to basic notions of solid state theory, such as the Fermi surface of inhomogeneous, interacting systems. In fact, even the language of second quantization is introduced systematically in an Appendix for readers without formal training in many-body theory.
Автор: Ullrich, Carsten A. Название: Time-Dependent Density-Functional Theory ISBN: 0199563020 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780199563029 Издательство: Oxford Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 6141 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Time-dependent density-functional theory (TDDFT) is a quantum mechanical approach for the dynamical properties of electrons in matter. It's widely used in (bio)chemistry and physics to calculate molecular excitation energies and optical properties of materials. This is the first graduate-level text on the formal framework and applications of TDDFT.
Автор: Fiolhais Название: A Primer in Density Functional Theory ISBN: 3540030832 ISBN-13(EAN): 9783540030836 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 6552 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Density functional theory (DFT) is by now a well-established method for tackling the quantum mechanics of many-body systems. Originally applied to compute
properties of atoms and simple molecules, DFT has quickly become a work horse for more complex applications in the chemical and materials sciences. The present set of lectures,
spanning the whole range from basic principles to relativistic and time-dependent extensions of the theory, is the ideal introduction for graduate stud
nts or nonspecialist researchers wishing to familiarize themselves with both the basic and most advanced techniques in this field.
Описание: This volume records the proceedings of a Forum attended by many leading researchers working in the field of Electron Density, Density Matrix and Density Functional Theory held at the Coseners' House, Abingdon-on-Thames, Oxfordshire, UK in early summer 2002. It has long been recognized that "All the necessary information required for the energy and for calculating the properties of molecules is embodied in the first- and second-order density matrices". The wave function contains much more information than is required to yield the energy or other property. But the density matrices must correspond to some physically acceptable wave function. Coleman, one of the distinguished participants in the Forum, has dubbed this "Coulson's challenge". His paper describing recent work on the N-representability problem is included in this volume. McWeeny discusses some unsolved problems in density matrix theory and density functional theory; and Bader discusses the use of the electron density in explaining the structure and properties of atoms and molecules. Density Functional Theory is widely used in studies of molecular and solid state systems. Yet the theoretical apparatus for this approach remains under active development. Theophilou describes a new formulation of density functional theory. Gross and his coworkers present a time-dependent theory for molecules in strong laser pulses. Nagy considers pair density functional theory, while Ludena and his colleagues examine functional N-representability in density matrix and density functional theory. The meeting concluded with a Forum, ably chaired by B.T. Sutcliffe, in which the latest research and results were discussed. A record of this Forum is included in this volume. This book will be of value to researchers and research students in theoretical chemistry and theoretical physics whose work involves the theoretical study of atoms, molecules and the solid state. It will be of interest to quantum chemists and solid state physicists, to materials scientists and applied mathematicians.
Описание: A large number of very different materials and systems are presently being studied with methods based on density functional formalism. This volume demonstrates how these methods are used in a wide range of systems, including molecular systems, transition metals, polymers and crystals.
Описание: This book offers the first comprehensive account of the new method of density matrix renormalization. Recent years have seen enormous progress in the
numerical treatment of low-dimensional quantum sytems. With this new technique, which selects a reduced set of basis states via density matrices, it has become possible to treat large
systems with amazing accuracy.
The method has been applied successfully to a variety of important one-dimensional problems such as spin chains, Kondo models, and
correlated electron systems. Extensions to other systems and higher dimensions are currently being developed. The contributions to this book are written by leading experts in the
The two parts contain an introduction to the subject and a review of physical applications. As a combination of advanced textbook and guide to current research the
book should become a standard source for everyone interested in the topic.
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