Описание: Examines the state of the art for determining the "real" structure of matter. This book provides an analysis of the fundamental theory and techniques for microstructure analysis from diffraction patterns. It presents the principal characterization technique permitting us to measure the defect solid state: X-ray diffraction.
Описание: Interesting and new specific results of current theoretical and experimental work in various fields at the frontier of particle scattering and X-ray diffraction are reviewed in this volume. Special emphasis is placed on the study of the microstructure of solids, crystals and liquids, both classically and quantum mechanically. This gives the reader essential insights into the dynamics and properties of these states of matter. The authors address students interested in the physics of quantum solids, crystallography and material science as well as physical chemistry and computational physics.
Описание: Presents the art and science of concrete in a hands-on manner. It predicts cement and concrete to be the premier building material of the 21st Century. It includes diagrams, photographs, and summary tables. It includes chapters on non-destructive methods for concrete, challenges in concrete technology and examples of concrete applications.
Описание: This book discusses microstructure-property correlations and explores key microstructure features and how they affect the properties of a material. The authors discuss the effect of manufacturing and processing routes on microstructure and properties. They identify appropriate microstructure and mechanical characterization techniques essential for developing accurate microstructure-property relationships. The techniques include high resolution imaging methods and properties measurements such as hardness, strength, elastic modulus, and fracture toughness. Current and future trends in hard and superhard material design are revealed by the authors, including nanostructured materials, biomimicry, and novel manufacturing technologies.
Описание: Phase transformations in solids typically lead to surprising mechanical behaviour with far reaching technological applications. The mathematical modeling of these transformations in the late 80s initiated a new field of research in applied mathematics, often referred to as mathematical materials science, with deep connections to the calculus of variations and the theory of partial differential equations. This volume gives a brief introduction to the essential physical background, in particular for shape memory alloys and a special class of polymers (nematic elastomers). Then the underlying mathematical concepts are presented with a strong emphasis on the importance of quasiconvex hulls of sets for experiments, analytical approaches, and numerical simulations.
Описание: Over recent years the understanding of grain boundaries, interphase boundaries and free surfaces has advanced greatly, leading to a clear recognition that these discontinuities make a significant contribution to the physical and mechanical properties of materials from multiphametals and alloys to electronic materials. Grain Boundaries -Their Microstructure and Chemistry discusses the interrelationship between microstructure and chemistry of the grain boundary, with particular emphasis on the influence of the environment (air, liquid and liquid metal) and composition (bulk and impurity). This highly practical volume presents a brief background to interphase and grain boundaries, before considering in detail grain boundary composition and composition changes, and how grain boundary composition affects material properties. Very recent advances in techniques such as electron energy loss spectroscopy, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and atom probe, and the facinating new insights into grain boundary, microstructure that they have revealed, are also discussed. Grain Boundaries - Their Microstructure and Chemistry is an indispensable text for design and safety engineers in many industries, including power and aerospace, as well as for materials scientists and engineers in academia and research institutes.
Описание: Computational Methods for Microstructure-Property Relationships introduces state-of-the-art advances in computational modeling approaches for materials structure-property relations. Written with an approach that recognizes the necessity of the engineering computational mechanics framework, this volume provides balanced treatment of heterogeneous materials structures within the microstructural and component scales. Encompassing both computational mechanics and computational materials science disciplines, this volume offers an analysis of the current techniques and selected topics important to industry researchers, such as deformation, creep and fatigue of primarily metallic materials. Researchers, engineers and professionals involved with predicting performance and failure of materials will find Computational Methods for Microstructure-Property Relationships a valuable reference.
Описание: A material's various proprieties, such as strength, weight/density, elasticity, ductility, or other important structural or engineering behaviors, are based on its microscopic and nanoscale structures. This book provides an overview of recent advances in computational methods for linking phenomena in systems that span large ranges of time and spatial scales. Particular attention is given to predicting macroscopic properties based on subscale behaviors. Given the books extensive coverage of multi-scale methods for modeling both metallic and geologic materials, it will be an invaluable reading for graduate students, scientists, and practitioners alike.
Автор: Harry Bhadeshia Название: Steels: Microstructure and Properties, ISBN: 0750680849 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780750680844 Издательство: Elsevier Science Рейтинг: Цена: 10027 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Steels represent the most widely-used metallic alloy. This work covers the microstructure, mechanical behaviour and properties of steels. It includes chapters on nanostructured steels, and alloys and technologies for the energy and automobile industries. It also presents extensive bibliographies and real-life examples.
Автор: Durand-Charre Madeleine Название: Microstructure of Steels and Cast Irons ISBN: 3540209638 ISBN-13(EAN): 9783540209638 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 19532 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: The book comprises three parts. Part 1 gives a historical description of the development of ironworking techniques since the earliest times. Part 2 is the core of the book and deals with the metallurgical basis of microstructures, with four main themes: phase diagrams, solidification processes, diffusion, and solid state phase transformations. Part 3 begins by an introduction to steel design principles. It then goes on to consider the different categories of steels, placing emphasis on their specific microstructural features. Finally, a comprehensive reference list includes several hundred pertinent articles and books. The book is the work of a single author, thus ensuring uniformity and concision. It is intended for scientists, metallurgical engineers and senior technicians in research and development laboratories, design offices and quality departments, as well as for teachers and students in universities, technical colleges and other higher education establishments.
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