Îïèñàíèå: This book is a comprehensive assessment of the various theoretical and numerical methods currently in use to investigate microstructural transformations and mechanical properties of inhomogeneous systems, from the atomic scale to the macroscopic: kinetic mean-field theories, Monte Carlo and molecular dynamics simulations, Ginzburg-Landau and phase field methods as applied to plasticity and microstructure transformation, discrete and stochastic dislocation dynamics, and cluster dynamics. Extensive surveys of major physical processes include: solidification, microstructural evolution in single and polycrystalline systems under internal and applied stress, high temperature plasticity, recrystallization, large plastic strain in multiphase systems, fatigue, fracture, diffusive transformations, and fine grained materials.

Îïèñàíèå: Characterization of Microstructures by Analytical Electron Microscopy (AEM) describes the basic concepts and operative techniques of AEM. It focuses on the study of phase transformations and dislocation in deformation by AEM. Further, the book also presents the physical concepts and mathematic analysis for diffraction and crystallography using numerous examples, such as the quantitative prediction of the orientation relationships in phase transformations. The book is intended for researchers and graduate students in materials science and engineering, and condensed matter physics. Yonghua Rong is a professor at School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China.

Îïèñàíèå: Steels represent the most widely-used metallic alloy. This work covers the microstructure, mechanical behaviour and properties of steels. It includes chapters on nanostructured steels, and alloys and technologies for the energy and automobile industries. It also presents extensive bibliographies and real-life examples.

Àâòîð: Jeulin Dominique, Ostoja-Starzewski Martin Íàçâàíèå: Mechanics of Random and Multiscale Microstructures ISBN: 3211836845 ISBN-13(EAN): 9783211836842 Èçäàòåëüñòâî: Springer Ðåéòèíã: Öåíà: 15151 ð. Íàëè÷èå íà ñêëàäå: Åñòü ó ïîñòàâùèêà Ïîñòàâêà ïîä çàêàç.

Îïèñàíèå: This book reviews recent theoretical, computational and experimental developments in mechanics of random and multiscale solid materials. The aim is to provide tools for better understanding and prediction of the effects of stochastic (non-periodic) microstructures on materialsâ€™ mesoscopic and macroscopic properties. Particular topics involve a review of experimental techniques for the microstructure description, a survey of key methods of probability theory applied to the description and representation of microstructures by random modes, static and dynamic elasticity and non-linear problems in random media via variational principles, stochastic wave propagation, Monte Carlo simulation of random continuous and discrete media, fracture statistics models, and computational micromechanics.

Îïèñàíèå: This text shows how stochastic geometry can be applied to real structural problems in materials science and technology. It pays particular attention to describing spatial sizes and shapes of grains and particles, developments in stochastic geometry, and relevant computer simulation techniques.

Îïèñàíèå: The relation between microstructures and mechanical properties has always been a challenge for materials science. Modelling the formation, properties and long term stability of microstructures is one of the most impressive and promising advances of modern materials science. This book presents recent advances and challenges in this fast evolving cross disciplinary field. It addresses applications of classical physical metallurgy, and the need for new modelling approaches, both on the analytical viewpoint and on the simulation side.

Îïèñàíèå: Everything the reader needs to know about this hot topic in materials research - from the fundamentals to recent applications. This book addresses graduate students and professionals in materials science and engineering as well as materials-oriented physicists and mechanical engineers, providing them with information needed to judge which simulation method to use for which kind of modeling/simulation problem.

Àâòîð: Li J.M., Li LÃ¼, Man On Lai, Ralph B. Íàçâàíèå: Image-Based Fractal Description of Microstructures ISBN: 1402075073 ISBN-13(EAN): 9781402075070 Èçäàòåëüñòâî: Springer Ðåéòèíã: Öåíà: 17764 ð. Íàëè÷èå íà ñêëàäå: Åñòü ó ïîñòàâùèêà Ïîñòàâêà ïîä çàêàç.

Îïèñàíèå: Fractal analysis has rapidly become an important field in materials science and engineering with broad applications to theoretical analysis and quantitative description of microstructures of materials. Fractal methods have thus far shown great potential in engineering applications in quantitative microscopic analysis of materials using commercial microscopes. This book attempts to introduce the fundamentals and the basis methods of fractal description of microstructures in combination with digital imaging and computer technologies. Basic concepts are given in the form of mathematical expressions. Detailed algorithms in practical applications are also provided. Fractal measurement, error analysis and fractal description of cluster growth, thin films and surfaces are emphasized in this book. Image-Based Fractal Description of Microstructures provides a comprehensive approach to materials characterization by fractal from theory to application.

Àâòîð: Rob Phillips Íàçâàíèå: Crystals, Defects and Microstructures ISBN: 0521793572 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780521793575 Èçäàòåëüñòâî: Cambridge Academ Ðåéòèíã: Öåíà: 9202 ð. Íàëè÷èå íà ñêëàäå: Åñòü ó ïîñòàâùèêà Ïîñòàâêà ïîä çàêàç.

Îïèñàíèå: Materials science has emerged as one of the central pillars of the modern physical sciences and engineering, and is now even beginning to claim a role in the biological sciences. A central tenet in the analysis of materials is the structure-property paradigm, which proposes a direct connection between the geometric structures within a material and its properties. The increasing power of high-speed computation has had a major impact on theoretical materials science and has permitted the systematic examination of this connection between structure and properties. In this graduate textbook, Rob Phillips examines the various methods that have been used in the study of crystals, defects and microstructures and that have made such computations possible. A second key theme is the presentation of recent efforts that have been developed to treat problems involving either multiple spatial or temporal scales simultaneously.

Îïèñàíèå: The book will present the concept and methods of the computational mesomechanics of materials. This includes the theoretical, numerical and experimental analysis of the effects of microstructures of materials on their strength, mechanical behavior and fracture resistance. Ultimately this analysis should lead to the optimal design of materials. Chapters include topics on composites (classification and deformation), Mesoscale levels in the mechanics of materials, Damage and failure of materials, Microstructure-strength relationships of composites, Computational experiments in the mechanics of materials, and Numerical mesomechanical experiments.

Îïèñàíèå: Examines the advances made in the field in recent years and looks at the various methods now used; ideal for graduate students and researchers.

Îïèñàíèå: Metallurgy and Design of Alloys with Hierarchical Microstructures covers the fundamentals of processing-microstructure-property relationships and how multiple properties are balanced and optimized in materials with hierarchical microstructures widely used in critical applications. The discussion is based principally on metallic materials used in aircraft structures; however, because they have sufficiently diverse microstructures, the underlying principles can easily be extended to other materials systems. With the increasing microstructural complexity of structural materials, it is important for students, academic researchers and practicing engineers to possess the knowledge of how materials are optimized and how they will behave in service. The book integrates aspects of computational materials science, physical metallurgy, alloy design, process design, and structure-properties relationships, in a manner not done before. It fills a knowledge gap in the interrelationships of multiple microstructural and deformation mechanisms by applying the concepts and tools of designing microstructures for achieving combinations of engineering properties—such as strength, corrosion resistance, durability and damage tolerance in multi-component materials—used for critical structural applications.