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The Construction of Preference, Edited by Sarah Lichtenstein



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Автор: Edited by Sarah Lichtenstein
Название:  The Construction of Preference
Издательство: Cambridge Academ
Классификация:
Познание и когнитивная психология

ISBN: 0521542200
ISBN-13(EAN): 9780521542203
ISBN: 0-521-54220-0
ISBN-13(EAN): 978-0-521-54220-3
Обложка/Формат: Paperback
Страницы: 808
Вес: 1.126 кг.
Дата издания: 28.08.2006
Язык: English
Иллюстрации: 62 tables
Размер: 235 x 159 x 41
Читательская аудитория: Tertiary education (us: college)
Ссылка на Издательство: Link
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Поставляется из: Англии
Описание: One of the main themes that has emerged from behavioral decision research during the past three decades is the view that peoples preferences are often constructed in the process of elicitation. This idea is derived from studies demonstrating that normatively equivalent methods of elicitation (e.g., choice and pricing) give rise to systematically different responses. These preference reversals violate the principle of procedure invariance that is fundamental to all theories of rational choice. If different elicitation procedures produce different orderings of options, how can preferences be defined and in what sense do they exist? This book shows not only the historical roots of preference construction but also the blossoming of the concept within psychology, law, marketing, philosophy, environmental policy, and economics. Decision making is now understood to be a highly contingent form of information processing, sensitive to task complexity, time pressure, response mode, framing, reference points, and other contextual factors.
Дополнительное описание: Part I. Introduction: Preface Cass Sunstein; Acknowledgements; 1. The construction of preference: an overview Sarah Lichtenstein and Paul Slovic; Part II. Preference Reversals: 2. Relative importance of probabilities and payoffs in risk taking Paul Slovic




Fuzzy Choice Functions / A Revealed Preference Approach

Автор: Georgescu Irina
Название: Fuzzy Choice Functions / A Revealed Preference Approach
ISBN: 3540689974 ISBN-13(EAN): 9783540689973
Издательство: Springer
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Цена: 17764 р.
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Описание: The foundations of revealed preference theory for a competitive consumer were laid by Samuelson in 1938. Later this theory was axiomatically developed by Arrow, Sen, Suzumura and other economists into the theory of choice functions.This book extends the theory of revealed preference to fuzzy choice functions and provides applications to multicriteria decision making problems. The main topics of revealed preference theory (rationality, revealed preference and congruence axioms, consistency conditions) are treated in the framework of fuzzy choice functions. New topics, such as the degree of dominance and similarity of vague choices, are developed. The results obtained are applied to economic problems where partial information and human subjectivity involve vague choices and vague preferences. The book contains a number of new results achieved by the author. Even though the text is reasonably self-contained, previous knowledge of revealed preference and fuzzy set theory is helpful for the reader. Social choice theorists and computer scientists will find in this monograph stimulating material for further research and concrete applications.

Hierarchical bayesian method in the study of individual level behavior- in the context of discrete choice modeling with revealed and stated preference data

Автор: Potts, Keith
Название: Hierarchical bayesian method in the study of individual level behavior- in the context of discrete choice modeling with revealed and stated preference data
ISBN: 0415442877 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780415442879
Издательство: Taylor&Francis
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Цена: 3581 р.
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Описание: Examines the key issues and best practice in the cost management of construction projects under traditional contracts and methodologies. This title considers various stages within the life cycle of a project from pre-contract to tendering and post contract.

Preference change

Название: Preference change
ISBN: 9048125928 ISBN-13(EAN): 9789048125920
Издательство: Springer
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Цена: 15674 р.
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Описание: Contains essays that survey the various approaches to preference change developed in the social sciences and in philosophy. This work reviews standard material, including the neoclassical preference model and doxastic preference change, time preferences and the debate over policy evaluation under preference change.

The Construction of Preference

Автор: Edited by Sarah Lichtenstein
Название: The Construction of Preference
ISBN: 0521834287 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780521834285
Издательство: Cambridge Academ
Рейтинг:
Цена: 10699 р.
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Описание: One of the main themes that has emerged from behavioral decision research during the past three decades is the view that people's preferences are often constructed in the process of elicitation. This idea is derived from studies demonstrating that normatively equivalent methods of elicitation (e.g., choice and pricing) give rise to systematically different responses. These preference reversals violate the principle of procedure invariance that is fundamental to all theories of rational choice. If different elicitation procedures produce different orderings of options, how can preferences be defined and in what sense do they exist? This book shows not only the historical roots of preference construction but also the blossoming of the concept within psychology, law, marketing, philosophy, environmental policy, and economics. Decision making is now understood to be a highly contingent form of information processing, sensitive to task complexity, time pressure, response mode, framing, reference points, and other contextual factors.

Utility Maximization, Choice and Preference

Автор: Aleskerov Fuad, Bouyssou Denis, Monjardet Bernard
Название: Utility Maximization, Choice and Preference
ISBN: 354034182X ISBN-13(EAN): 9783540341826
Издательство: Springer
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Цена: 14629 р.
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Описание: The utility maximization paradigm forms the basis of many economic, psychological, cognitive and behavioral models. Since it was first devised in the eighteenth century, numerous examples have revealed the deficiencies of the concept. This book makes a contribution to overcome those deficiencies by taking into account insensitivity of measurement threshold and context of choice. It covers classic theory as a special, context-free case and gives a systematic overview of new models of utility maximization within a context-dependent threshold as well as related preference and choice models. The second edition has been updated to include the most recent developments and a new chapter on classic and new results for infinite sets. The presented models will be helpful to scientists in economics, decision making theory, social choice theory, behavioral and cognitive sciences, and related fields.

Practical Rationality and Preference

Автор: Edited by Christopher W. Morris
Название: Practical Rationality and Preference
ISBN: 0521038847 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780521038843
Издательство: Cambridge Academ
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Цена: 3565 р.
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Описание: What are preferences and are they reasons for action? Is it rational to cooperate with others even if that entails acting against one’s preferences? The dominant position in philosophy on the topic of practical rationality is that one acts so as to maximize the satisfaction of one’s preferences. This view is most closely associated with the work of David Gauthier, and in this collection of essays some of the most innovative philosophers working in this field explore the controversies surrounding Gauthier’s position. Several essays argue against influential conceptions of preference, while others suggest that received conceptions of rational action misidentify the normative significance of rules and practices. This collection will be of particular interest to philosophers of social theory and to reflective social scientists in such fields as economics, political science and psychology.

Preference, Production and Capital

Автор: Hirofumi Uzawa
Название: Preference, Production and Capital
ISBN: 052102224X ISBN-13(EAN): 9780521022248
Издательство: Cambridge Academ
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Цена: 4255 р.
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Описание: This volume contains a selection of Professor Uzawa’s important contributions to mathematical economics. Subjects covered by these nineteen essays include consumption, production, equilibrium, capital, growth, planning, international trade, and the theory of social overhead capital. Written in the 1960s and early 1970s, the papers form a basis upon which economic theory has developed over the last twenty years. The collection includes some of Uzawa’s classic contributions, such as ‘Preference and Rational Choice in the Theory of Consumption’ (presented at the First Stanford Symposium), ‘Time Preference, the Consumption Function, and Optimum Asset Holdings’, ‘Neutral Inventions and the Stability of Growth Equilibrium’, ‘On a Two-Sector Model of Economic Growth’, ‘Time Preference and the Penrose Effect in a Two-Class Model of Economic Growth’, and ‘On the Economics of Social Overhead Capital’. The collection will be useful not only in understanding the nature of the development in economic theory today, but also in reflecting upon the direction toward which economic theory will be advancing in the future.

Fuzzy Preference Ordering of Interval Numbers in Decision Problems

Автор: Atanu Sengupta; Tapan Kumar Pal
Название: Fuzzy Preference Ordering of Interval Numbers in Decision Problems
ISBN: 3540899146 ISBN-13(EAN): 9783540899143
Издательство: Springer
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Цена: 15674 р.
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Описание: A research work consisting of two closely related fields: approaches towards defining a generalized preference ordering scheme for interval attributes and approaches to deal with some issues having application potential in many areas of decision making.

The Mathematics of Preference, Choice and Order

Автор: Steven Brams; William V. Gehrlein; Fred S. Robert
Название: The Mathematics of Preference, Choice and Order
ISBN: 3540791272 ISBN-13(EAN): 9783540791270
Издательство: Springer
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Цена: 17764 р.
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Описание: This volume honors the many contributions of Peter Fishburn in the mathematical aspects of various fields in social sciences. It provides both expository and new papers from leading figures in each of the areas of Fishburn`s research.

Collective preference and choice

Автор: Nitzan, Shmuel
Название: Collective preference and choice
ISBN: 0521722136 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780521722131
Издательство: Cambridge Academ
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Цена: 2875 р.
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Описание: Collective decision-making is a familiar feature of our social, political, and economic lives. It ranges from the relatively trivial (e.g. the choice of the next family car) to the globally significant (e.g. whether or not a country should go to war). Yet, whether trivial or globally significant, such decisions involve a number of challenging problems. These problems arise in the standard social choice setting, where individuals differ in their preferences. They also arise in the standard decision-making setting, where individuals share the same preferences, but differ in their decisional capabilities. The distinctive feature of Collective Preference and Choice is that it looks at classical aggregation problems that arise in three closely related areas: social choice theory, voting theory, and group decision-making under uncertainty. Using a series of exercises and examples, the book explains these problems with reference to a number of important contributions to the study of collective decision-making.

Affirmative Action: Racial Preference in Black and White

Автор: Wise Tim J., Wise Wise J., Wise Timj
Название: Affirmative Action: Racial Preference in Black and White
ISBN: 041595049X ISBN-13(EAN): 9780415950497
Издательство: Taylor&Francis
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Цена: 3233 р.
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Описание: Written by an anti-racism, journalist, this text focuses on white privileges in all levels of education, comparing the magnitude of white racial preference with the policies envisioned when using this term. It also demonstrates that the American system of education is a reflection of, and a contributor to a structure of institutionalized racism.

Preference Learning

Автор: F?rnkranz
Название: Preference Learning
ISBN: 3642141242 ISBN-13(EAN): 9783642141249
Издательство: Springer
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Цена: 16196 р.
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Описание: The topic of preferences is a new branch of machine learning and data mining, and it has attracted considerable attention in artificial intelligence research in previous years. It involves learning from observations that reveal information about the preferences of an individual or a class of individuals. Representing and processing knowledge in terms of preferences is appealing as it allows one to specify desires in a declarative way, to combine qualitative and quantitative modes of reasoning, and to deal with inconsistencies and exceptions in a flexible manner. And, generalizing beyond training data, models thus learned may be used for preference prediction. This is the first book dedicated to this topic, and the treatment is comprehensive. The editors first offer a thorough introduction, including a systematic categorization according to learning task and learning technique, along with a unified notation. The first half of the book is organized into parts on label ranking, instance ranking, and object ranking; while the second half is organized into parts on applications of preference learning in multiattribute domains, information retrieval, and recommender systems. The book will be of interest to researchers and practitioners in artificial intelligence, in particular machine learning and data mining, and in fields such as multicriteria decision-making and operations research.


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