Описание: The foundations of revealed preference theory for a competitive consumer were laid by Samuelson in 1938. Later this theory was axiomatically developed by Arrow, Sen, Suzumura and other economists into the theory of choice functions.This book extends the theory of revealed preference to fuzzy choice functions and provides applications to multicriteria decision making problems. The main topics of revealed preference theory (rationality, revealed preference and congruence axioms, consistency conditions) are treated in the framework of fuzzy choice functions. New topics, such as the degree of dominance and similarity of vague choices, are developed. The results obtained are applied to economic problems where partial information and human subjectivity involve vague choices and vague preferences. The book contains a number of new results achieved by the author. Even though the text is reasonably self-contained, previous knowledge of revealed preference and fuzzy set theory is helpful for the reader. Social choice theorists and computer scientists will find in this monograph stimulating material for further research and concrete applications.
Описание: Examines the key issues and best practice in the cost management of construction projects under traditional contracts and methodologies. This title considers various stages within the life cycle of a project from pre-contract to tendering and post contract.
Название: Preference change ISBN: 9048125928 ISBN-13(EAN): 9789048125920 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 15674 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Contains essays that survey the various approaches to preference change developed in the social sciences and in philosophy. This work reviews standard material, including the neoclassical preference model and doxastic preference change, time preferences and the debate over policy evaluation under preference change.
Автор: Edited by Sarah Lichtenstein Название: The Construction of Preference ISBN: 0521834287 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780521834285 Издательство: Cambridge Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 10699 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: One of the main themes that has emerged from behavioral decision research during the past three decades is the view that people's preferences are often constructed in the process of elicitation. This idea is derived from studies demonstrating that normatively equivalent methods of elicitation (e.g., choice and pricing) give rise to systematically different responses. These preference reversals violate the principle of procedure invariance that is fundamental to all theories of rational choice. If different elicitation procedures produce different orderings of options, how can preferences be defined and in what sense do they exist? This book shows not only the historical roots of preference construction but also the blossoming of the concept within psychology, law, marketing, philosophy, environmental policy, and economics. Decision making is now understood to be a highly contingent form of information processing, sensitive to task complexity, time pressure, response mode, framing, reference points, and other contextual factors.
Автор: Aleskerov Fuad, Bouyssou Denis, Monjardet Bernard Название: Utility Maximization, Choice and Preference ISBN: 354034182X ISBN-13(EAN): 9783540341826 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 14629 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: The utility maximization paradigm forms the basis of many economic, psychological, cognitive and behavioral models. Since it was first devised in the eighteenth century, numerous examples have revealed the deficiencies of the concept. This book makes a contribution to overcome those deficiencies by taking into account insensitivity of measurement threshold and context of choice. It covers classic theory as a special, context-free case and gives a systematic overview of new models of utility maximization within a context-dependent threshold as well as related preference and choice models. The second edition has been updated to include the most recent developments and a new chapter on classic and new results for infinite sets. The presented models will be helpful to scientists in economics, decision making theory, social choice theory, behavioral and cognitive sciences, and related fields.
Автор: Edited by Christopher W. Morris Название: Practical Rationality and Preference ISBN: 0521038847 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780521038843 Издательство: Cambridge Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 3565 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: What are preferences and are they reasons for action? Is it rational to cooperate with others even if that entails acting against one’s preferences? The dominant position in philosophy on the topic of practical rationality is that one acts so as to maximize the satisfaction of one’s preferences. This view is most closely associated with the work of David Gauthier, and in this collection of essays some of the most innovative philosophers working in this field explore the controversies surrounding Gauthier’s position. Several essays argue against influential conceptions of preference, while others suggest that received conceptions of rational action misidentify the normative significance of rules and practices. This collection will be of particular interest to philosophers of social theory and to reflective social scientists in such fields as economics, political science and psychology.
Автор: Hirofumi Uzawa Название: Preference, Production and Capital ISBN: 052102224X ISBN-13(EAN): 9780521022248 Издательство: Cambridge Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 4255 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: This volume contains a selection of Professor Uzawa’s important contributions to mathematical economics. Subjects covered by these nineteen essays include consumption, production, equilibrium, capital, growth, planning, international trade, and the theory of social overhead capital. Written in the 1960s and early 1970s, the papers form a basis upon which economic theory has developed over the last twenty years. The collection includes some of Uzawa’s classic contributions, such as ‘Preference and Rational Choice in the Theory of Consumption’ (presented at the First Stanford Symposium), ‘Time Preference, the Consumption Function, and Optimum Asset Holdings’, ‘Neutral Inventions and the Stability of Growth Equilibrium’, ‘On a Two-Sector Model of Economic Growth’, ‘Time Preference and the Penrose Effect in a Two-Class Model of Economic Growth’, and ‘On the Economics of Social Overhead Capital’. The collection will be useful not only in understanding the nature of the development in economic theory today, but also in reflecting upon the direction toward which economic theory will be advancing in the future.
Описание: A research work consisting of two closely related fields: approaches towards defining a generalized preference ordering scheme for interval attributes and approaches to deal with some issues having application potential in many areas of decision making.
Автор: Steven Brams; William V. Gehrlein; Fred S. Robert Название: The Mathematics of Preference, Choice and Order ISBN: 3540791272 ISBN-13(EAN): 9783540791270 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 17764 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: This volume honors the many contributions of Peter Fishburn in the mathematical aspects of various fields in social sciences. It provides both expository and new papers from leading figures in each of the areas of Fishburn`s research.
Автор: Nitzan, Shmuel Название: Collective preference and choice ISBN: 0521722136 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780521722131 Издательство: Cambridge Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 2875 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Collective decision-making is a familiar feature of our social, political, and economic lives. It ranges from the relatively trivial (e.g. the choice of the next family car) to the globally significant (e.g. whether or not a country should go to war). Yet, whether trivial or globally significant, such decisions involve a number of challenging problems. These problems arise in the standard social choice setting, where individuals differ in their preferences. They also arise in the standard decision-making setting, where individuals share the same preferences, but differ in their decisional capabilities. The distinctive feature of Collective Preference and Choice is that it looks at classical aggregation problems that arise in three closely related areas: social choice theory, voting theory, and group decision-making under uncertainty. Using a series of exercises and examples, the book explains these problems with reference to a number of important contributions to the study of collective decision-making.
Описание: Written by an anti-racism, journalist, this text focuses on white privileges in all levels of education, comparing the magnitude of white racial preference with the policies envisioned when using this term. It also demonstrates that the American system of education is a reflection of, and a contributor to a structure of institutionalized racism.
Автор: F?rnkranz Название: Preference Learning ISBN: 3642141242 ISBN-13(EAN): 9783642141249 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 16196 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: The topic of preferences is a new branch of machine learning and data mining, and it has attracted considerable attention in artificial intelligence research in previous years. It involves learning from observations that reveal information about the preferences of an individual or a class of individuals. Representing and processing knowledge in terms of preferences is appealing as it allows one to specify desires in a declarative way, to combine qualitative and quantitative modes of reasoning, and to deal with inconsistencies and exceptions in a flexible manner. And, generalizing beyond training data, models thus learned may be used for preference prediction. This is the first book dedicated to this topic, and the treatment is comprehensive. The editors first offer a thorough introduction, including a systematic categorization according to learning task and learning technique, along with a unified notation. The first half of the book is organized into parts on label ranking, instance ranking, and object ranking; while the second half is organized into parts on applications of preference learning in multiattribute domains, information retrieval, and recommender systems. The book will be of interest to researchers and practitioners in artificial intelligence, in particular machine learning and data mining, and in fields such as multicriteria decision-making and operations research.
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