Автор: Gauch, Jr Название: Scientific Method in Brief ISBN: 1107666724 ISBN-13(EAN): 9781107666726 Издательство: Cambridge Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 4376 р. Наличие на складе: Есть
Описание: The fundamental principles of the scientific method are essential for enhancing perspective, increasing productivity, and stimulating innovation. These principles include deductive and inductive logic, probability, parsimony and hypothesis testing, as well as science's presuppositions, limitations, ethics and bold claims of rationality and truth. The examples and case studies drawn upon in this book span the physical, biological and social sciences; include applications in agriculture, engineering and medicine; and also explore science's interrelationships with disciplines in the humanities such as philosophy and law. Informed by position papers on science from the American Association for the Advancement of Science, National Academy of Sciences and National Science Foundation, this book aligns with a distinctively mainstream vision of science. It is an ideal resource for anyone undertaking a systematic study of scientific method for the first time, from undergraduates to professionals in both the sciences and the humanities.
A good book may have the power to change the way we see the world, but a great book actually becomes part of our daily consciousness, pervading our thinking to the point that we take it for granted, and we forget how provocative and challenging its ideas once were--and still are. "The Structure of Scientific Revolutions "is that kind of book. When it was first published in 1962, it was a landmark event in the history and philosophy of science. Fifty years later, it still has many lessons to teach. With "The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, "Kuhn challenged long-standing linear notions of scientific progress, arguing that transformative ideas don't arise from the day-to-day, gradual process of experimentation and data accumulation but that the revolutions in science, those breakthrough moments that disrupt accepted thinking and offer unanticipated ideas, occur outside of "normal science," as he called it. Though Kuhn was writing when physics ruled the sciences, his ideas on how scientific revolutions bring order to the anomalies that amass over time in research experiments are still instructive in our biotech age. This new edition of Kuhn's essential work in the history of science includes an insightful introduction by Ian Hacking, which clarifies terms popularized by Kuhn, including paradigm and incommensurability, and applies Kuhn's ideas to the science of today. Usefully keyed to the separate sections of the book, Hacking's introduction provides important background information as well as a contemporary context. Newly designed, with an expanded index, this edition will be eagerly welcomed by the next generation of readers seeking to understand the history of our perspectives on science.
Описание: Some think that issues to do with scientific method are last century's stale debate; Popper was an advocate of methodology, but Kuhn, Feyerabend, and others are alleged to have brought the debate about its status to an end. The papers in this volume show that issues in methodology are still very much alive. Some of the papers reinvestigate issues in the debate over methodology, while others set out new ways in which the debate has developed in the last decade. The book will be of interest to philosophers and scientists alike in the reassessment it provides of earlier debates about method and current directions of research.
Автор: Harper William Название: Isaac Newton`s Scientific Method ISBN: 0198709420 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780198709428 Издательство: Oxford Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 3382 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.
Описание: William L. Harper presents a compelling new account of Isaac Newton`s work on gravity and the cosmos. He argues that Newton`s inferences from phenomena realize an ideal of empirical success that is richer than prediction, and explores the ways in which Newton`s method aims to turn theoretical questions into ones which can be answered empirically.
Описание: Classification is the essential first step in science. This book defines science to include the social sciences and humanities. It is unpacked into its constituent elements: the phenomena studied, the data used, the theories employed, the methods applied, and the practices of scientists. These five elements are then classified in turn.
Описание: Examines the secular creeds of the generation of intellectuals who, in the wake of The Origin of Species, wrested cultural authority from the old Anglican establishment while installing themselves as a new professional scientific elite.
Описание: The gap between experimental objects and models for calculations in chemistry is being bridged. The size of experimental nano-objects is decreasing, while reliable calculations are feasible for larger and larger molecular systems. The results of these calculations for isolated molecules are becoming more relevant for experiments.
Описание: Containing a wide spectrum of articles which report the current research progress in topics concerning the dynamics of multiparticle production in high energy
collision processes, this book's emphasis is on nonperturbative aspects of QCD. The topics covered are: the phase diagram of QCD and related transitions; correlations and fluctuations
in a variety of experiments involving multiparticle production (e+e- annihilation, pp collisions and heavy ion collisions); recent theoretical and experimental developments in interferometry
and particle correlations; event-by-event fluctuations in high energy experiments; concepts of chaos and complexity in multiparticle dynamics and related phenomenology; relevant
theoretical ideas based on QCD as a field theory.
Описание: In August/September 2001, a group of 75 physicists from 51 laboratories in 15 countries met in Erice, Italy to participate in the 39th Course of the International
School of Subnuclear Physics. This volume constitutes the proceedings of that meeting. It focuses on the theoretical and phenomenological developments in string theory, as well as in
all the other sectors of subnuclear physics.
In addition, experimental highlights are presented and discussed.
Автор: Chakravartty Название: A Metaphysics for Scientific Realism ISBN: 0521130093 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780521130097 Издательство: Cambridge Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 3434 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Scientific realism is the view that our best scientific theories give approximately true descriptions of both observable and unobservable aspects of a mind-independent world. Debates between realists and their critics are at the very heart of the philosophy of science. Anjan Chakravartty traces the contemporary evolution of realism by examining the most promising strategies adopted by its proponents in response to the forceful challenges of antirealist sceptics, resulting in a positive proposal for scientific realism today. He examines the core principles of the realist position, and sheds light on topics including the varieties of metaphysical commitment required, and the nature of the conflict between realism and its empiricist rivals. By illuminating the connections between realist interpretations of scientific knowledge and the metaphysical foundations supporting them, his book offers a compelling vision of how realism can provide an internally consistent and coherent account of scientific knowledge.
Описание: The International Conference on Calorimetry in Particle Physics is the major and most comprehensive forum for discussion on state-of-the-art developments of
calorimetry technologies. The Eleventh Conference covered all aspects of calorimetric detection and measurements, with emphasis on high energy physics and astrophysics
experiments. Besides the usual discussion on calorimetry technologies this edition is enriched by the presence of two sections dedicated to new techniques for calorimetry and
applications to calorimetry for the next Linear Collider experiments.
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