Описание: The past decade has seen a revolution in the field of spoken dialogue systems. As in other areas of Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence, data-driven methods are now being used to drive new methodologies for system development and evaluation. This book is a unique contribution to that ongoing change. A new methodology for developing spoken dialogue systems is described in detail. The journey starts and ends with human behaviour in interaction, and explores methods for learning from the data, for building simulation environments for training and testing systems, and for evaluating the results. The detailed material covers: Spoken and Multimodal dialogue systems, Wizard-of-Oz data collection, User Simulation methods, Reinforcement Learning, and Evaluation methodologies. The book is a research guide for students and researchers with a background in Computer Science, AI, or Machine Learning. It navigates through a detailed case study in data-driven methods for development and evaluation of spoken dialogue systems. Common challenges associated with this approach are discussed and example solutions are provided. This work provides insights, lessons, and inspiration for future research and development – not only for spoken dialogue systems in particular, but for data-driven approaches to human-machine interaction in general.
Автор: M Raupach Название: Corrosion of Reinforcement in Concrete, ISBN: 1845692101 ISBN-13(EAN): 9781845692100 Издательство: Elsevier Science Рейтинг: Цена: 31928 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Given the widespread use of reinforced concrete in infrastructure, understanding the corrosion of this material is of major importance. As a result there has been a wealth of research into catalysts, inhibitors and effective means of monitoring the rate of corrosion. Corrosion of reinforcement in concrete: mechanisms, monitoring, inhibitors and rehabilitation techniques summarises some of the most significant research and its implications.The book begins by reviewing findings from various experiments designed to test the corrosion rate of metals induced by a range of factors. Later chapters discuss techniques for monitoring and testing for corrosion. The book concludes by assessing important methods of prevention, including corrosion inhibitors, protective coatings and electrochemical methods for protection, together with rehabilitation procedures for susceptible structures.Filled with practical examples and written by a distinguished team of international contributors, Corrosion of reinforcement in concrete: mechanisms, monitoring, inhibitors and rehabilitation techniques is an essential reference for civil engineers using reinforced concrete.
Автор: Crompton Название: Plastics Reinforcement And Industri ISBN: 1482239337 ISBN-13(EAN): 9781482239331 Издательство: Taylor&Francis Рейтинг: Цена: 27225 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: When combined with reinforcing agents, plastics can be used for a number of high-temperature applications. Plastics Reinforcement and Industrial Applications provides a detailed discussion on plastics, polymers, and reinforcing agents (including organic and natural biomaterials). Focused specifically on improving the mechanical, thermal, and electrical stability of plastics by combining them with reinforcing agents, this book explains the background of reinforced plastics and describes how they work. The book examines reinforcing agents that include glass fibers, carbon fibers, carbon nanotubes, graphite, talc, and minerals, and commonly used plastics such as polyamides, polyesters, polyethylene terephthalate, and epoxy resins. It also introduces newer plastics such as polyimides, polysulfones, polyethersulfone, polyphenylene sulfide, and polyether ether ketones. It highlights recent developments in the field that include the use of nanocomposites for manufacturing sports equipment, and other applications of nanoparticles in polymer reinforcement. In addition, use of this material can aid in the production of plastics utilized in the construction of aircraft and light weight automobiles. The author covers a wide range of applications that may be applied in general engineering, automotive, aerospace, building materials, electronics and microelectronics, power sources, medical, and bioengineering. He also includes material on natural fibers used for reinforcement and green chemistry applications. Suitable for use in the metals and plastics industries, Plastics Reinforcement and Industrial Applications is an ideal resource for polymer and material scientists, and chemical and mechanical engineers.
Описание: Many firms provide their customers with online information products which require limited resources such as server capacity. This book develops allocation mechanisms that aim to ensure an efficient resource allocation in modern IT-services. Recent methods of artificial intelligence, such as neural networks and reinforcement learning, and nature-oriented optimization methods, such as genetic algorithms and simulated annealing, are advanced and applied to allocation processes in distributed IT-infrastructures, e.g. grid systems. The author presents two methods, both of which using the usersвЂ™ willingness-to-pay to control the allocation process: The first approach uses a yield management method that tries to learn an optimal acceptance strategy for resource requests. The second method is a combinatorial auction able to deal with resource complementarities. The author finally generates a method to calculate dynamic resource prices, marking an important step towards the industrialization of grid systems.
Описание: The design and use of externally bonded CFRP strips, CF sheets and steel plates according to the German DAfStb guideline, which supplements the Eurocode. With design examples covering fatigue, creep, serviceability and ultimate limit state analysis for slabs, beams and columns.
Описание: The community reinforcement approach (CRA) to treating alcohol and other drug problems is designed to make changes in the client's daily environment, to reduce substance abuse and promote a healthier lifestyle. It is of proven effectiveness, and should be more widely used. This 2001 book presents research on the effectiveness of the CRA for a clinical readership. It includes the original study comparing CRA with traditional treatments of alcohol dependence, and summarizes other trials with alcohol, cocaine and heroin users. The CRA program provides basic guidelines for clinicians, focusing on communication skills, problem-solving and drink-refusal strategies, and addresses the needs of the client as part of a social community. Combining practical advice on such matters with a scientific survey of CRA in use, this book offers a treatment approach to all involved with the support and treatment of those with alcohol and drug problems.
Автор: Biederman, Raven Название: Basic Live Sound Reinforcement ISBN: 0240821017 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780240821016 Издательство: Taylor&Francis Рейтинг: Цена: 6532 р. Наличие на складе: Невозможна поставка.
Описание: Access and interpret manufacturer spec information, find shortcuts for plotting measure and test equations, and learn how to begin your journey towards becoming a live sound professional. ? Land and perform your first live sound gigs with this guide that gives you just the right amount of information. Don’t get bogged down in details intended for complex and expensive equipment and Madison Square Garden-sized venues. Basic Live Sound Reinforcement is a handbook for audio engineers and live sound enthusiasts performing in small venues from one-mike coffee shops to clubs. ? With their combined years of teaching and writing experience, the authors provide you with a thorough foundation of the theoretical and the practical, offering more advanced beginners a complete overview of the industry, the gear, and the art of mixing, while making sure to remain accessible to those just starting out.
Описание: Proposes a LEFM model, according to which reinforcement reactions are applied directly on the crack surfaces and a compatibility condition is locally imposed on the crack opening displacement in correspondence with the reinforcement.
Описание: Concrete is the most widely-used construction material in the world. This important book summarises the wealth of recent research on improving qualities such as durability and sustainability as well as the emergence of a new generation of specialist concretes for particular applications.A number of chapters discuss new types of concrete such as autoclaved aerated concrete, high-strength concrete, sprayed concrete, fibre-reinforced concrete, lightweight concrete, self-compacting concrete, foamed and polymer concrete, together with their characteristics and applications. Other chapters review the development of concrete especially suited for particular conditions such as radiation protection, hot weather and underwater conditions, as well as the increasingly important area of recycling.With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Developments in the formulation and reinforcement of concrete is a standard reference for civil and structural engineers.
Автор: J. Mietz Название: Corrosion of reinforcement in concrete ISBN: 142004401X ISBN-13(EAN): 9781420044010 Издательство: Taylor&Francis Цена: 25410 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Summarizing some of the most significant research and its implications, this book begins by reviewing findings from various experiments designed to test the
corrosion rate of metals induced by a range of factors. Later chapters discuss techniques for monitoring and testing for corrosion. This book concludes by assessing important methods
of prevention, including corrosion inhibitors, protective coatings and electrochemical methods for protection, tog
ther with rehabilitation procedures for susceptible structures.
Filled with practical examples and written by a distinguished team of experts, this book is an essential
Описание: One of the major neuropsychological models of personality, developed by world-renowned psychologist Professor Jeffrey Gray, is based upon individual differences in reactions to punishing and rewarding stimuli. This biological theory of personality - now widely known as 'Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory' (RST) - has had a major influence on motivation, emotion and psychopathology research. In 2000, RST was substantially revised by Jeffrey Gray, together with Neil McNaughton, and this revised theory proposed three principal motivation/emotion systems: the 'Fight-Flight-Freeze System' (FFFS), the 'Behavioural Approach System' (BAS) and the 'Behavioural Inhibition System' (BIS). This is the first book to summarise the Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory of personality and bring together leading researchers in the field. It summarizes all of the pre-2000 RST research findings, explains and elaborates the implications of the 2000 theory for personality psychology and lays out the future research agenda for RST.
Описание: Stability and Optimization of Structures: Generalized Sensitivity Analysis is the first book to address issues of structural optimization against nonlinear buckling. Through the investigation of imperfection sensitivity, worst imperfection and random imperfection based on concrete theoretical framework, it is shown that optimization against buckling does not necessarily produce an imperfection-sensitive structure. This book offers the reader greater insight into optimization-based and computer-assisted stability design of finite-dimensional structures. Using the unified approach to parameter sensitivity analysis, it connects studies of elastic stability, computational mechanics and applied mathematics. Optimization based on stability theory is presented and explained, with 140 figures to illustrate applications in the framework of finite element analysis. This book focuses on the optimization of a geometrically-nonlinear structure under stability constraint. It presents a deep insight into optimization-based and computer-assisted stability design of discrete structures. Coverage combines design sensitivity analysis developed in structural optimization and imperfection-sensitivity analysis developed in stability analysis.
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