Описание: The two special volumes of Advances in Polymer Science entitled Polymers for Photonics Applications provide authoritative and critical reviews of up-to-date research and advances in various fields of photonic polymers as well as their promising applications. Eight articles contributed by internationally recognized scientists are concerned with polymers for second- and third-order nonlinear optics, quadratic parametric interactions in polymer waveguides, electroluminescent polymers for light sources, photoreflective polymers for holographic information storage, and highly efficient two-photon absorbing organics and polymers, including their applications. This review should provide individuals working in the field of photonic polymers with invaluable scientific knowledge on the state of the art while giving directions for future research to those deeply interested.
Описание: Measurement techniques form the basis of our knowledge about atmospheric composition and chemistry. Presently, important questions of atmospheric chemistry center on urban pollution, free-radical chemistry, degradation of greenhouse gases and the budgets of tropospheric and stratospheric ozone.Among the many different optical spectroscopic methods that are in use, DOAS has emerged as a universal technique to measure the concentrations of atmospheric trace gases by making use of the characteristic absorption features of gas molecules along a path of known length in the open atmosphere. Written for graduate students and researchers with a general background in environmental physics, this book especially addresses the needs of those working in the field of atmospheric chemistry, pollution monitoring, and volcanology.
Автор: S.J. Haswell Название: Atomic Absorption Spectrometry, ISBN: 0444882170 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780444882172 Издательство: Elsevier Science Рейтинг: Цена: 6347 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Whilst the book is primarily concerned with atomic absorption spectroscopy, any analyst involved in sample handling prior to trace elemental analysis will find this book a valuable compendium of methodology drawn from a very wide range of applications.
Автор: Campbell E.E. Название: Fullerene Collision Reactions ISBN: 1402017502 ISBN-13(EAN): 9781402017506 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 17270 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.
Описание: The discovery and macroscopic production of the fullerenes in the early 1990's led to the initiation of a new sub-field of atomic and molecular collision studies. The beautiful structure and remarkable properties of these hollow, all-carbon molecules made them ideal subjects as model systems for studying the collision dynamics of complex molecules. Fullerene Collision Reactions provides a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art of fullerene collision studies. The book begins with introductory chapters that provide the necessary background in experimental and theoretical techniques. This is followed by experimental results and theoretical calculations covering the wide range of available gas-phase fullerene collision experiments. Emphasis is placed on gas-phase molecular beam experiments where reaction, fragmentation and charge transfer cross sections have been determined covering collision energy ranges from thermal to MeV. Atomic, ionic, electronic, cluster and surface collisions involving fullerenes are covered in depth accompanied by a clear presentation of the most commonly applied experimental and theoretical techniques. This book will be an invaluable resource for senior undergraduate students, graduate students and researchers working in the field.
Автор: Beyer Название: Coherence in Atomic Collision Physics ISBN: 0306428423 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780306428425 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 25295 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.
Описание: The understanding of these effects requires a theoretical description of the orientation and alignment parameters of the target atoms, of the forma- tion of resonances, of the influence of electron-exchange processes, and of the relativistic interactions inside the atom and between projectile and target.
Описание: A comprehensive account of the physical foundations of collision and impact phenomena and their applications in a multitude of engineering disciplines. In-depth explanations are included to reveal the unifying features of collision phenomena in both liquids and solids, and to apply them to disciplines including theoretical and applied mechanics, physics and applied mathematics, materials science, aerospace, mechanical and chemical engineering, and terminal ballistics. Covering a range of examples from drops, jets, and sprays, to seaplanes and ballistic projectiles, and detailing a variety of theoretical, numerical, and experimental tools that can be used in developing new models and approaches, this is an ideal resource for students, researchers, and practicing engineers alike.
Описание: Bridges the gap between theory and practice in chemistry with this guide to the properties of gases and liquids. Includes a validated databank, tested estimation methods, coverage of pure substances and mixtures, coverage of phase equilibria, thermodynamics, and more. Also contains worked examples and instantly useful information. DLC: Gases.
Описание: This comprehensive volume surveys the general aspects of atomic cluster science and outlines some of its important new challenges. It begins by detailing the
recent advances in the understanding of structure and the essential properties of selected atomic cluster systems, fullerenes and confined atoms. Recent advances in the field of photo
processes involving atomic clusters and fullerenes are discussed, and an entire chapter is devoted to the problem of fission dynamics of atomic clusters, presenting parallels with similar
processes in nuclear physics.
The book goes on to describe the problems of electron-cluster collisions with special emphasis on polarization and collective excitation effects.
The important area of the behavior of atomic clusters in laser fields is considered; the ionization, collective dynamics of electrons in the system in the presence of the laser field, and the
laser induced dynamics of molecules and clusters are thoroughly described. Finally, a broad spectrum of problems in the area of ionic collisions with fullerenes and metal clusters is
covered -- from both experimental and theoretical points of view -- and the results of the most recent measurements are reported.
chapter takes a careful look at the interaction of an atomic cluster with a surface. The problems of cluster deposition and formation at a surface as well as collision processes involving
clusters deposited at a surface are considered through a number of illustrative examples.
Автор: J?¶rg Eichler Название: Lectures on Ion-Atom Collisions, ISBN: 0444520473 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780444520470 Издательство: Elsevier Science Рейтинг: Цена: 8657 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Atomic collisions offer opportunities to study atomic structure and reaction mechanisms in experiment and theory, especially for projectiles of high atomic number provided by modern accelerators. This book offers an introduction into the field and provides basic understanding of the atomic processes occurring when a projectile hits another atom.
Описание: A variety of plasmas include molecules rather than only ions or atoms. Examples are ionospheres of the Earth and other planets, stellar atmospheres, gaseous discharges for use in various devices and processes, and fusion plasmas in the edge region. This book describes the role of molecules in those plasmas by showing elementary collision processes involving those molecules. All possible processes are presented both for electron and ion collisions with the molecules. On the basis of the accumulated knowledge in atomic and molecular physics, a compact but informative description is given for each process. Specific emphasis is placed on the feature which application people often tend to overlook.
Описание: All papers were peer-reviewed. This proceedings volume contains the invited talks presented at two atomic physics symposia held jointly in Buenos Aires, Argentina from 28-30 July 2005. They represent the latest research in dynamics of collision systems involving collisions between photons, electrons, and ions and a diverse range of target species: atoms, molecules, clusters, and surfaces. There is a particular emphasis on correlation and many-body effects in excitation and ionization.
Описание: Cold and ultracold collisions occupy a strategic position at the intersection of several powerful themes of current research in chemical physics, in atomic, molecular and optical physics, and even in condensed matter. The nature of these collisions has important consequences for optical manipulation of inelastic and reactive processes, precision measurement of molecular and atomic properties, matter–wave coherences and quantum-statistical condensates of dilute, weakly interacting atoms. This crucial position explains the wide interest and explosive growth of the field since its inception in 1987. The author reviews elements of the quantum theory of scattering theory, collisions taking place in the presence of one or more light fields, and collisions in the dark, below the photon recoil limit imposed by the presence of any light field. Finally, it reviews the essential properties of these mesoscopic quantum systems and describes the key importance of the scattering length to condensate stability.
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