Polarons and Bipolarons in High-Tc Superconductors and Related Materials, Edited by E. K. H. Salje

Автор: Alexandrov Название: Polarons And Bipolarons ISBN: 981022298X ISBN-13(EAN): 9789810222987 Издательство: World Scientific Publishing Рейтинг: Цена: 3036 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.

Описание: Properties of self-localized carriers on a lattice are described at a fairly basic level in this text, with an emphasis on modern developments in the theory of strong-coupling superconductivity.

Описание: The book will consist of approximately 30 to 40 separate articles where the main focus is on recent new results in high temperature superconductivity. The contributions are theoretical as well as experimental ones. All scientists who contribute are high rank experts in this field and have done major work which has enhanced the understanding of this phenomenon. a smaller part of the articles deals with ferroelectricity and their applications. Also in this field there have recently been major break throughs experimentally as well as theoretically which will be addressed by the invited authors. The book is dedicated to Prof. Dr. K. Alex MГјller on the occasion of his 80th birthday. During his scientific career he made major advances in the understanding of ferroelectricity, which used to be his major research field. The discovery of superconductivity in cuprates for which he received together with Dr. J. Georg Bednorz the Nobel Prize in 1987 has not diminished his interest in this area, but has enlarged his activities considerably. In high temperature superconductivity he activated major research areas which are highlighted in this book by many contributions.

Описание: The objective of the meeting was to promote the formation of young scientists by means of training through research. These features are reflected in the book: the pedagogical lectures are up-to-date monographs of relevant subjects in the field of condensed matter physics. Contributions include: polarons (the polaron concept, optical properties and internal structure of polarons, many-polaron systems, magnetoabsorption of polarons, optical properties of quantum dots: role of the polaron interaction, interacting polarons in a quantum dot, small polarons); multielectron bubbles in liquid helium: a spherical two-dimensional electron system (oscillation modes, bubble stability and fissioning, the spherical two-dimensional electron gas, the Wigner solid of electrons in the bubble); the numerical approach to the correlated electron problem: quantum Monte Carlo methods (the world line approach for the XXZ model and relation to the 6-vertex model, auxiliary field Quantum Monte Carlo algorithms, application of the auxiliary field QMC to specific Hamiltonians, the Hirsch-Fye impurity algorithm); basic models in the quantum theory of magnetism (the Heisenberg model, the Hubbard model, and the sd-model).

Описание: This review consists of three parts. The first part provides basic information about the physics and materials science of high-temperature superconductors for applications in magnet and energy technology. It addresses more than is required by a newcomer in this field, by putting together information from very different areas such as physical chemistry, materials science and condensed matter physics, which otherwise would have to be collected from various textbooks and original literature. In an introductory chapter potential applications are presented and the limitations of the materials are discussed. Part I closes with a final chapter on the present state of the art, where the latest results in this field are briefly reviewed. Parts II and III contain the most recent results on the preparation and characterization of Bi-2212 (Bi2Sr2CaCu2O5) wires and tapes, and Bi-2223

Описание: This volume contains the lectures and participant contributions delivered at the Sixth Training Course in the Physics of Correlated Electron Systems and High-Tc Superconductors. Different from usual workshops, this course was designed to promote active participation of senior and young researchers and to introduce them to some specific problems. Lecture topics include: Introduction to Renormalization Group and Ward Identities in Critical Phenomena and in Fermi and Bose Liquids; Local Moment Physics in Heavy Electron Systems; and Transport of Strongly Correlated Electrons. Other contributions include: Theoretical de Haas-van Alphen Data and Plasma Frequencies of MgB2 and TaB2; Magnetic and Orbital Ordering in Doped Manganites; A Combined Exact Diagonalization - ab initio Study of the Metallicity and Electron Localization in Nanoscopic Systems; A New Spinwave Expansion for the Ordered Kondo Lattice; and The Novel Superconducting Clathrates.

Описание: The magnetic properties of oxides with perovskite, corundum, ilmenite and amorphous structures have been compiled in subvolume 27F. Part 27F2, published in 1994, presents magnetic data on perovskite-type layered cuprates which were discovered to show superconductivity with critical temperatures above 40 K (high-Tc superconductors). The present volume 27F2S is an update and extension of 27F2 with more precise data on high quality single crystals and some new effects and phenomena, covering the literature of the period 1991-2000.

Описание: This is the first volume of a comprehensive two-volume treatise on superconductivity that represents the first such publication since the earlier work by R. Parks. It systematically reviews the basic physics and recent advances in the field. Leading researchers describe the state of the art in conventional phonon-induced superconductivity, high-Tc superconductivity, and novel superconductivity. After an introduction and historical overview, the leaders in the special fields of research give a comprehensive survey of the basics and the state of the art in chapters covering the entire field of superconductivity, including conventional and unconventional superconductors. Important new results are reported in a manner intended to stimulate further research. Numerous illustrations, diagrams and tables make this book especially useful as a reference work for students, teachers, and researchers. The second volume treats novel superconductors.

Описание: The volume contains the lectures delivered at the "Fifth Training Course in the Physics of Correlated Electron Systems and High-Tc Superconductors". The lectures are up-to-date comprehensive overviews of relevant subjects in condensed matter physics. Contributions include: the extension of the BCS theory to the strong-coupling regime with small polarons and bipolarons, the canonical Migdal-Eliashberg theory of strongly coupled electrons and phonons (or any bosons) and its breakdown in the strong-coupling regime, the multi-polaron problem, the bipolaron theory to cuprates, the essential interaction in oxides, the parameter-free expression for the superconducting critical temperature, upper crtitical field, symmetry of the order parameter, the London penetration depth, vortex structure, theory of tunnelling and Andreev reflection, normal and superconducting gaps, angle-resolved photoemission, and stripes, the principles of the type II superconductor behavior, the magnetic field dependence of pinning mechanisms in Bi2Sr2CaCu2Ox thin films, the melting of the vortex lattice in Nb/CuMn multilayers, the transport properties of high-temperature superconductor-based superlattices, the theory of strongly correlated low-dimensional systems, microscopical theory of spin-superconducting pairing in systems with strong electron correlations, p-d model, Hubbard and t-J models, retardation effects, antiferromagnetic superexchange interaction, the non-perturbative techniques in (1+1) and two dimensions, the bosonization, the WZNW models.

Описание: This is the second volume of a comprehensive two-volume treatise on superconductivity that represents the first such publication since the earlier widely acclaimed books by R. Parks. It systematically reviews the basic physics and recent advances in the field. Leading researchers describe the state of the art in conventional phonon-induced superconductivity, high-Tc superconductivity, and in novel superconductivity, including triplet pairing in the ruthenates. The second volume is largely concerned with novel superconductors, such as heavy-fermion metals and organic materials, and also includes granular superconductors. Important new results on current problems are presented in a manner designed to stimulate further research. Numerous illustrations, diagrams and tables make this book especially useful as a reference work for students, teachers and researchers. Volume 1 treats Conventional and High-Tc Superconductors (3-540-43883-1).

Описание: The authors describe the electric, magnetic and other relaxational processes in a wide spectrum of materials: liquid crystals, molecular magnets, polymers, high-Tc superconductors and glasses. The book summarizes the phenomenological fundamentals and the experimental methods used. A detailed description of molecular and collective dynamics in the broad range of liquid crystals is presented. Magnetic systems, high-Tc superconductors, polymers and glasses are an important subject of matter. It is shown that the researchers working on relaxation processes in different fields of materials sciences are dealing with the same physical fundamentals, but are sometimes using slightly different terms. The book is addressed to scientists, engineers, graduate and undergraduate students, experimentalists and theorists in physics, chemistry, materials sciences and electronic engineering. Many internationally well known experts contribute to it.

Описание: This book contains lectures on strongly correlated electron systems presented by eminent physicists. These lectures are up-to-date summaries of relevant subjects in the field of condensed matter physics. Contributions include: BCS theory of nodal superconductors; strongly correlated particle systems and composite operator methods; diagonalization- and numerical renormalization-group-based methods for interacting quantum systems; as well as phenomenological aspects of unconventional superconductivity.

Описание: The object of this book is the quantum mechanism that allows the macroscopic quantum coherence of a superconducting condensate to resist to the attacks of high temperature. Solution to this fundamental problem of modern physics is needed for the design of room temperature superconductors, for controlling the decoherence effects in the quantum computers and for the understanding of a possible role of quantum coherence in living matter that is debated today in quantum biophysics. The recent experimental results on nanoscale phase separation and the two component scenario in high Tc in doped cuprate and the lower symmetry in the superconducting elements at high pressure area presented. The compelling evidence for multiband superconductivity in MgB2 that provides the simplest system for testing the high Tc theories, and plays the same role as atomic hydrogen for the development of the quantum mechanics in the twenties, is one of the main points of the book. The multiband superconductivity enhances the critical temperature from the low Tc range Tc < 19K, to the high temperature range, Tc = 40K. The heterogeneous structure, the superlattice of superconducting layers, determines the disparity and different spatial location of the Bloch wave functions of electrons at the Fermi level that provides in superconductivity the clean limit. The chemical potential can be tuned by atomic substitutions without increasing inelastic single electron interband scattering. The Feshbach shape resonance in the exchange-like off-diagonal interband pairing term, as predicted since 1993, appears to be the mechanism for evading temperature decoherence effects and enhancing the critical temperature.

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