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Evidence and Evolution, Elliott Sober



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Автор: Elliott Sober
Название:  Evidence and Evolution
ISBN: 9780521871884
Издательство: Cambridge Academ
Классификация:
ISBN-10: 0521871883
Обложка/Формат: Hardcover
Страницы: 412 pages, 84 figures
Вес: 0.77 кг.
Дата издания: 27/03/2008
Язык: English
Размер: 22.86 x 15.49 x 3.05
Читательская аудитория: Professional & Vocational
Ссылка на Издательство: Link
Поставляется из: Англии
Дополнительное описание: Preface; 1. Evidence; 2. Intelligent design; 3. Natural selection; 4. Common ancestry; Conclusion; References; Index.




Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Автор: Okasha, Samir
Название: Evolution and the Levels of Selection
ISBN: 0199556717 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780199556717
Издательство: Oxford Academ
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Цена: 4929 р.
Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.

Описание: Does natural selection act primarily on individual organisms, on groups, on genes, or on whole species? The question of levels of selection is central to evolutionary theory and to the philosophy of biology. Samir Okasha's comprehensive analysis gives a clear account of the philosophical issues at stake in the current debate.

Selfish Sounds and Linguistic Evolution

Автор: Nikolaus Ritt
Название: Selfish Sounds and Linguistic Evolution
ISBN: 0521826713 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780521826716
Издательство: Cambridge Academ
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Цена: 9313 р.
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Описание: This book takes an exciting new perspective on language change, by explaining it in terms of Darwin’s evolutionary theory. Looking at a number of developments in the history of sounds and words, Nikolaus Ritt shows how the constituents of language can be regarded as mental patterns, or ‘memes’, which copy themselves from one brain to another when communication and language acquisition take place. Memes are both stable in that they transmit faithfully from brain to brain, and active in that their success at replicating depends upon their own properties. Ritt uses this controversial approach to challenge established models of linguistic competence, in which speakers acquire, use, and shape language. In Darwinian terms, language evolution is something that happens to, rather than through, speakers, and the interests of linguistic constituents matter more than those of their human ‘hosts’. This book will stimulate debate among evolutionary biologists, cognitive scientists and linguists alike.

The evolution of darwinism

Автор: Timothy Shanahan
Название: The evolution of darwinism
ISBN: 0521541980 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780521541985
Издательство: Cambridge Academ
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Цена: 3696 р.
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Описание: No other scientific theory has had as tremendous an impact on our understanding of the world as Darwin’s theory as outlined in his Origin of Species, yet from the very beginning the theory has been subject to controversy. The Evolution of Darwinism focuses on three issues of debate - the nature of selection, the nature and scope of adaptation, and the question of evolutionary progress. It traces the varying interpretations to which these issues were subjected from the beginning and the fierce contemporary debates that still rage on and explores their implications for the greatest questions of all: Where we come from, who we are and where we might be heading. Written in a clear and non-technical style, this book will be of use as a textbook for students in the philosophy of science who need to become familiar with the background to the debates about evolution.

The Evolution of Reason

Автор: William S. Cooper
Название: The Evolution of Reason
ISBN: 0521540259 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780521540254
Издательство: Cambridge Academ
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Цена: 3559 р.
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Описание: The formal systems of logic have ordinarily been regarded as independent of biology, but recent developments in evolutionary theory suggest that biology and logic may be intimately interrelated. In this book, William Cooper outlines a theory of rationality in which logical law emerges as an intrinsic aspect of evolutionary biology. This biological perspective on logic, though at present unorthodox, could change traditional ideas about the reasoning process. Cooper examines the connections between logic and evolutionary biology and illustrates how logical rules are derived directly from evolutionary principles, and therefore have no independent status of their own. Laws of decision theory, utility theory, induction, and deduction are reinterpreted as natural consequences of evolutionary processes. Cooper’s connection of logical law to evolutionary theory ultimately results in a unified foundation for an evolutionary science of reason. It will be of interest to professionals and students of philosophy of science, logic, evolutionary theory, and cognitive science.

Government and Research / Thirty Years of Evolution

Автор: Kogan Maurice, Henkel Mary, Hanney Steve
Название: Government and Research / Thirty Years of Evolution
ISBN: 1402044445 ISBN-13(EAN): 9781402044441
Издательство: Springer
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Цена: 19056 р.
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Описание: There has been a flare-up in interest in science policy and a key factor in this is the increased interest in analysing the role that research can play in informing policy making. This version takes account of changes in science policy studies. It contains an analysis of the themes that dominate research and science policy.

Evolution and Progress in Democracies / Towards New Foundations of a Knowledge Society

Автор: GГ¶tschl Johann
Название: Evolution and Progress in Democracies / Towards New Foundations of a Knowledge Society
ISBN: 1402000634 ISBN-13(EAN): 9781402000638
Издательство: Springer
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Цена: 22521 р.
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Описание: In a ground-breaking series of articles, one of them written by a Nobel Laureate, this volume demonstrates the evolutionary dynamic and the transformation of today's democratic societies into scientific-democratic societies. It highlights the progress of modeling individual and societal evaluation by neo-Bayesian utility theory. It shows how social learning and collective opinion formation work, and how democracies cope with randomness caused by randomizers. Nonlinear `evolution equations' and serial stochastic matrices of evolutionary game theory allow us to optimally compute possible serial evolutionary solutions of societal conflicts. But in democracies progress can be defined as any positive, gradual, innovative and creative change of culturally used, transmitted and stored mentifacts (models, theories), sociofacts (customs, opinions), artifacts and technifacts, within and across generations. The most important changes are caused, besides randomness, by conflict solutions and their realizations by citizens who follow democratic laws. These laws correspond to the extended Pareto principle, a supreme, socioethical democratic rule. According to this principle, progress is any increase in the individual and collective welfare which is achieved during any evolutionary progress. Central to evolutionary modeling is the criterion of the empirical realization of computed solutions. Applied to serial conflict solutions (decisions), evolutionary trajectories are formed; they become the most influential causal attractors of the channeling of societal evolution. Democratic constitutions, legal systems etc., store all advantageous, present and past, adaptive, competitive, cooperative and collective solutions and their rules; they have been accepted by majority votes. Societal laws are codes of statutes (default or statistical rules), and they serve to optimally solve societal conflicts, in analogy to game theoretical models or to statistical decision theory. Such solutions become necessary when we face harmful or advantageous random events always lurking at the edge of societal and external chaos. The evolutionary theory of societal evolution in democracies presents a new type of stochastic theory; it is based on default rules and stresses realization. The rules represent the change of our democracies into information, science and technology-based societies; they will revolutionize social sciences, especially economics. Their methods have already found their way into neural brain physiology and research into intelligence. In this book, neural activity and the creativity of human thinking are no longer regarded as linear-deductive. Only evolutive nonlinear thinking can include multiple causal choices by many individuals and the risks of internal and external randomness; this serves the increasing welfare of all individuals and society as a whole. Evolution and Progress in Democracies is relevant for social scientists, economists, evolution theorists, statisticians, philosophers, philosophers of science, and interdisciplinary researchers.

Evolution and Rationality

Автор: Okasha
Название: Evolution and Rationality
ISBN: 1107004993 ISBN-13(EAN): 9781107004993
Издательство: Cambridge Academ
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Цена: 9585 р.
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Описание: This volume explores from multiple perspectives the subtle and interesting relationship between the theory of rational choice and Darwinian evolution. In rational choice theory, agents are assumed to make choices that maximize their utility; in evolution, natural selection 'chooses' between phenotypes according to the criterion of fitness maximization. So there is a parallel between utility in rational choice theory and fitness in Darwinian theory. This conceptual link between fitness and utility is mirrored by the interesting parallels between formal models of evolution and rational choice. The essays in this volume, by leading philosophers, economists, biologists and psychologists, explore the connection between evolution and rational choice in a number of different contexts, including choice under uncertainty, strategic decision making and pro-social behaviour. They will be of interest to students and researchers in philosophy of science, evolutionary biology, economics and psychology.

Embryology, Epigenesis and Evolution

Автор: Jason Scott Robert
Название: Embryology, Epigenesis and Evolution
ISBN: 0521030862 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780521030861
Издательство: Cambridge Academ
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Цена: 4244 р.
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Описание: Historically, philosophers of biology have tended to sidestep the problem of development by focusing primarily on evolutionary biology and, more recently, on molecular biology and genetics. Quite often too, development has been misunderstood as simply, or even primarily, a matter of gene activation and regulation. Nowadays a growing number of philosophers of science are focusing their analyses on the complexities of development, and in Embryology, Epigenesis and Evolution Jason Scott Robert explores the nature of development against current trends in biological theory and practice and looks at the interrelations between development and evolution (evo-devo), an area of resurgent biological interest. Clearly written, this book should be of interest to students and professionals in the philosophy of science and the philosophy of biology.

Evolution of the Social Contract

Автор: Skyrms
Название: Evolution of the Social Contract
ISBN: 1107434289 ISBN-13(EAN): 9781107434288
Издательство: Cambridge Academ
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Цена: 2053 р.
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Описание: In this new edition of Evolution of the Social Contract, Brian Skyrms uses evolutionary game theory to analyze the genesis of social contracts and investigates social phenomena including justice, communication, altruism, and bargaining. Featuring new material on evolution and information transfer, and including recent developments in game theory and evolution literature, his book introduces and applies appropriate concepts of equilibrium and evolutionary dynamics, showing how key issues can be modeled as games and considering the ways in which evolution sometimes supports, and sometimes does not support, rational choice. He discusses topics including how bargaining with neighbors promotes sharing of resources, the diversity of behavior in ultimatum bargaining in small societies, the Prisoner's Dilemma, and an investigation into signaling games and the spontaneous emergence of meaningful communication. His book will be of great interest to readers in philosophy of science, social science, evolutionary biology, game and decision theory, and political theory.

Understanding Evolution

Автор: Kampourakis
Название: Understanding Evolution
ISBN: 1107610206 ISBN-13(EAN): 9781107610200
Издательство: Cambridge Academ
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Цена: 3422 р.
Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.

Описание: Current books on evolutionary theory all seem to take for granted the fact that students find evolution easy to understand when actually, from a psychological perspective, it is a rather counterintuitive idea. Evolutionary theory, like all scientific theories, is a means to understanding the natural world. Understanding Evolution is intended for undergraduate students in the life sciences, biology teachers or anyone wanting a basic introduction to evolutionary theory. Covering core concepts and the structure of evolutionary explanations, it clarifies both what evolution is about and why so many people find it difficult to grasp. The book provides an introduction to the major concepts and conceptual obstacles to understanding evolution, including the development of Darwin's theory, and a detailed presentation of the most important evolutionary concepts. Bridging the gap between the concepts and conceptual obstacles, Understanding Evolution presents evolutionary theory with a clarity and vision students will quickly appreciate.

The Philosophy of Human Evolution

Автор: Ruse
Название: The Philosophy of Human Evolution
ISBN: 0521117933 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780521117937
Издательство: Cambridge Academ
Рейтинг:
Цена: 9313 р.
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Описание: This book provides a unique discussion of human evolution from a philosophical viewpoint, looking at the facts and interpretations since Charles Darwin's The Descent of Man. Michael Ruse explores such topics as the nature of scientific theories, the relationships between culture and biology, the problem of progress and the extent to which evolutionary issues pose problems for religious beliefs. He identifies these issues, highlighting the problems for morality in a world governed by natural selection. By taking a philosophical viewpoint, the full ethical and moral dimensions of human evolution are examined. This book engages the reader in a thorough discussion of the issues, appealing to students in philosophy, biology and anthropology.

The Philosophy of Human Evolution

Автор: Ruse
Название: The Philosophy of Human Evolution
ISBN: 0521133726 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780521133722
Издательство: Cambridge Academ
Рейтинг:
Цена: 3148 р.
Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.

Описание: This book provides a unique discussion of human evolution from a philosophical viewpoint, looking at the facts and interpretations since Charles Darwin's The Descent of Man. Michael Ruse explores such topics as the nature of scientific theories, the relationships between culture and biology, the problem of progress and the extent to which evolutionary issues pose problems for religious beliefs. He identifies these issues, highlighting the problems for morality in a world governed by natural selection. By taking a philosophical viewpoint, the full ethical and moral dimensions of human evolution are examined. This book engages the reader in a thorough discussion of the issues, appealing to students in philosophy, biology and anthropology.


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