Описание: Offers an overview of various topics of materials physics related with technological problems of modern society with the focus of their implementation in Mediterranean Dialogue countries: Algeria, Egypt, Mauritania, Morocco and Tunisia.
Описание: This conference highlights recent achievements in high energy density physics. Topics included are: shock waves and high intensive processes; convergent flows and collapsing cavities; high explosives; detonation and explosion phenomena (chemical and thermonuclear); thermodynamic and transport properties of matter (experiments and theory); dense plasma properties; intensive electromagnetic processes; pulsed electric currents and strong magnetic fields; lasers and particle beams and their interaction with matter; hydrodynamic instability and turbulent mixing; as well as mathematical models.
Описание: Recent advances in electrochemistry and materials science have opened the way to the evolution of entirely new types of energy storage systems: rechargeable lithium-ion batteries, electrochroms, hydrogen containers, etc., all of which have greatly improved electrical performance and other desirable characteristics. This book encompasses all the disciplines linked in the progress from fundamentals to applications, from description and modelling of different materials to technological use, from general diagnostics to methods related to technological control and operation of intercalation compounds. Designing devices with higher specific energy and power will require a more profound understanding of material properties and performance. This book covers the status of materials and advanced activities based on the development of new substances for energy storage.
Описание: Free energy constitutes the most important thermodynamic quantity to understand how chemical species recognize each other, associate or react. Examples of problems in which knowledge of the underlying free energy behaviour is required, include conformational equilibria and molecular association, partitioning between immiscible liquids, receptor-drug interaction, protein-protein and protein-DNA association, and protein stability. This volume sets out to present a coherent and comprehensive account of the concepts that underlie different approaches devised for the determination of free energies. The reader will gain the necessary insight into the theoretical and computational foundations of the subject and will be presented with relevant applications from molecular-level modelling and simulations of chemical and biological systems. Both formally accurate and approximate methods are covered using both classical and quantum mechanical descriptions. A central theme of the book is that the wide variety of free energy calculation techniques available today can be understood as different implementations of a few basic principles. The book is aimed at a broad readership of graduate students and researchers having a background in chemistry, physics, engineering and physical biology.
Описание: Photovoltaics, the direct conversion of sunlight to electricity, is now the fastest growing technology for electricity generation. Present "first generation" products use the same silicon wafers as in microelectronics. "Second generation" thin-films, now entering the market, have the potential to greatly improve the economics by eliminating material costs. Martin Green, one of the worlds foremost photovoltaic researchers, argues in this book that "second generation" photovoltaics will eventually reach its own material cost constraints, engendering a "third generation" of high performance thin-films. The book explores, self-consistently, the energy conversion potential of advanced approaches for improving photovoltaic performance and outlines possible implementation paths.
Автор: Norio Sato Название: Chemical Energy and Exergy, ISBN: 044451645X ISBN-13(EAN): 9780444516459 Издательство: Elsevier Science Рейтинг: Цена: 10131 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Provides an introduction to chemical thermodynamics for engineers. This book presents the main concepts of thermodynamic quantities such as enthalpy and entropy. It discusses the intricate formulae in thermodynamics as functionally unified sets of formulae to understand their meaning rather than to mathematically derive them in detail.
Описание: This collection of lectures and tutorial reviews by renowned experts focusses on the common computational approaches in use to unravel the static and dynamical behaviour of complex physical systems at the interface of physics, chemistry and biology. Paradigmatic examples of condensed matter physics are spin and structural glasses and protein folding, as well as their aggregation and adsorption to hard and soft surfaces, in physico-chemical biology. Among the most prominent joint key features of the systems considered in this volume are rugged free-energy landscapes. These generate metastability and are often responsible for very slow dynamics allowing for the system to be trapped in one of the many available local minima. The challenge set forth by the authors of this volume is to provide a common basis and technical language for the (computational) technology transfer between the fields and systems considered.
Описание: Supercritical Fluid Technology for Energy and Environmental Applications covers the fundamental principles involved in the preparation and characterization of supercritical fluids (SCFs) used in the energy production and other environmental applications. Energy production from diversified resources — including renewable materials —using clean processes can be accomplished using technologies like SCFs. This book is focused on critical issues scientists and engineers face in applying SCFs to energy production and environmental protection, the innovative solutions they have found, and the challenges they need to overcome. The book also covers the basics of sub- and supercritical fluids, like the thermodynamics of phase and chemical equilibria, mathematical modeling, and process calculations. A supercritical fluid is any substance at a temperature and pressure above its critical point where distinct liquid and gas phases do not exist. At this state the compound demonstrates unique properties, which can be "fine-tuned," making them suitable as organic solvents in a range of industrial and laboratory processes. This volume enables readers to select the most appropriate medium for a specific situation. It helps instructors prepare course material for graduate and postgraduate courses in the area of chemistry, chemical engineering, and environmental engineering. And it helps professional engineers learn supercritical fluid-based technologies and use them in solving the increasingly challenging environmental issues.
Автор: Fisher Timothy S Название: Thermal Energy at the Nanoscale ISBN: 9814449784 ISBN-13(EAN): 9789814449786 Издательство: World Scientific Publishing Рейтинг: Цена: 3681 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: These lecture notes provide a detailed treatment of the thermal energy storage and transport by conduction in natural and fabricated structures. Thermal energy in two carriers, i.e. phonons and electrons -- are explored from first principles. For solid-state transport, a common Landauer framework is used for heat flow. Issues including the quantum of thermal conductance, ballistic interface resistance, and carrier scattering are elucidated. Bulk material properties, such as thermal and electrical conductivity, are derived from particle transport theories, and the effects of spatial confinement on these properties are established.
Автор: Huggins Название: Energy Storage ISBN: 1441910239 ISBN-13(EAN): 9781441910233 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 8355 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.
Описание: This is a comprehensive overview of energy storage concepts, methodologies and applications. Students will find chapters exploring the underlying energy storage fundamentals under various conditions, such as organic fuels, phase transitions and heat capacity, in addition to reversible chemical reactions. Important energy storage types such as mechanical, hydrogen and electromagnetic energy storage are discussed in a pedagogical language and structure accessible to students and researchers alike. Valuable coverage of various types of batteries are included, such as metal hydride / "nickel," lithium, lead-acid and primary batteries, in addition to a variety of current applications.
Автор: Crabtree Название: Energy Production and Storage ISBN: 0470749865 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780470749869 Издательство: Wiley Рейтинг: Цена: 16083 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: New forms of energy production, storage and transport are one of the key scientific challenges in the 21st Century. Inorganic chemistry contributes to the development of new types of solar and fuel cells, batteries, and catalytic processes.
Описание: Intensive research is being devoted to improving performance and reducing failure rates of compact yet powerful batteries. This title provides first-hand knowledge about the design of safe and powerful batteries and the methods and approaches for enhancing the performance of next-generation batteries.
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