Описание: The presence of various historically-deficient building materials such as polybutylene piping, fire-retardant treated plywood, and aluminum branch wiring is considered a "red flag" by real estate investors, managers, and lenders. The identification of these problematic building materials and/or conditions is vital to the legitimacy of the due diligence effort, critical to successfully operating a property, and imperative to profitable real estate investing. For those investing in real estate, managing properties, and performing Property Condition Assessments, it is important to have a good working knowledge of these materials, components, and conditions due to their history of failure and the resulting impact on safety, real estate value, and operations. The first publication of its kind, this reference book discusses 20 different problematic building materials, components, and conditions seen in commercial and residential real estate throughout the United States. This book has been designed to be used by students, due diligence engineers, and real estate professionals as a reference guide while studying, evaluating, and operating commercial properties. With over 300 images and diagrams enabling the reader to identify these problematic materials, this book discusses the following building components and conditions: 1. Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS) Sanitary Piping 2. Aluminum Branch Wiring 3. Cadet and Encore Electric In-Wall Heaters 4. Chinese Drywall 5. Composite Wood Siding 6. Cross-Linked Polyethylene (PEX) Piping 7. Edison Base (Type T) Fused Electrical Overload Protection 8. Federal Pacific Electric (FPE) Electrical Panels 9. Fire Retardant Treated (FRT) Plywood 10. HCFC and CFC Refrigerants in Air Conditioning Systems 11. Insufficient Apartment Unit Electrical Amperage 12. Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion (MIC) in Fire Sprinkler Systems 13. Mold 14. Phenolic Foam Roofing Insulation (PFRI) 15. Polybutylene (PB) Water Distribution Piping 16. Recalled Fire Sprinkler Heads 17. Recalled PTAC, Heat Pump, and Room Air Conditioner Units 18. Single-Ply Thermoplastic Membranes 19. Synthetic Stucco / Exterior Insulation Finish System (EIFS) 20. Zinsco/Sylvania Electrical Panels In addition, the book features examples of historical and informational exhibits including landmark class action settlement documents, notable recall claim forms, and detailed manufacturer's brochures of historically-deficient building components over the past fifty years. This first edition of the reference guide has been arranged to present the 20 historically problematic building materials and conditions commonly acknowledged in the commercial building evaluation industry. Each chapter features a different red flag with information and discussion on the following topics: A. Description of the Material, Component, or Condition B. Installation Dates C. Geographic Region D. Manufacturers and Trade Names E. Common Problems F. What to Look For During an Inspection G. Lawsuits and Recalls H. Replacement Materials I. Cost to Correct These topics provide specific data designed to be used by due diligence and real estate professionals as a reference while evaluating, operating, and investing in commercial and residential properties.
Описание: Nate and Walt MacGregor are cousins who have never met, living on opposite sides of a deeply divided continent. Nate, the privileged son of a plantation owner in the American South, and Walt, an abolitionist son of a pioneer farmer in Canada West, are both profoundly affected by the story of a runaway slave named Sunday. While Nate prepares to fight for his Southern homeland, Walt fears that the seizure of a Confederate ship with British envoys on board will pull Britain into the war. When the cousins at last cross paths during the Battle of Shiloh, they learn that what unites them is more powerful than what divides them.
Описание: OSS Operation Black Mail is the story of a remarkable woman who fought World War II on the front lines of psychological warfare. Elizabeth "Betty" P. McIntosh spent eighteen months serving in the Office of Strategic Services in what has been called the "forgotten theater," China-Burma-India, where she met and worked with characters as varied as Julia Child and Ho Chi Minh. Her craft was black propaganda, and her mission was to demoralize the enemy through prevarication and deceit, and ultimately, convince him to surrender. Betty and her crew ingeniously obtained and altered personal correspondence between Japanese soldiers and their families on the home islands of Japan. She also ordered the killing of a Japanese courier in the jungles of Burma to plant a false surrender order in his mailbag.
By the time Betty flew the Hump from Calcutta to China, she was acting head of the Morale Operations branch for the entire theater, overseeing the production of thousands of pamphlets and radio scripts, the generation of fiendishly clever rumors, and the printing of a variety of faked Japanese, Burmese, and Chinese newspapers. Her strategy involved targeting not merely the Japanese soldier but the man within: the son, the husband, the father. She knew her work could ultimately save lives, but never lost sight of the fact that her propaganda was a weapon and her intended target the enemy.
This is not a typical war story. The only beaches stormed are the minds of an invisible enemy. Often a great deal of time and effort was expended in conception and production, and rarely was it known if even a shred reached the hands of the intended recipient. The process was opaque on both ends: the origin of a rumor or radio broadcast obscured, the target elusive. For Betty and her friends, time on the "front lines" of psychological warfare in China-Burma-India rushed by in a cascade of creativity and innovation, played out on a stage where a colonial world was ending and chaos awaited.
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