Introduction to the Theory and Application of Data Envelopment Analysis, Thanassoulis
Автор: Cooper William W., Seiford Lawrence M., Zhu Joe Название: Handbook on Data Envelopment Analysis ISBN: 1402077971 ISBN-13(EAN): 9781402077975 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 21939 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.
Описание: This Handbook has been developed as a comprehensive reference for researchers, students and practitioners. It reflects the state-of-the-art in Data Envelopment Analysis. It also represents a milestone in the progression of a continuously advancing methodology. which has extensive utility. Written by experts - who are the major research contributors to the topics covered - the Handbook is organized in three sections. The first section is a comprehensive examination of the basic DEA models and DEA extensions. The second section consists of a collection of coverages by persons experienced in applications to the areas of banking, education, sports, retailing, health care, etc. The final section is a review of current DEA software technology.
Описание: In a relatively short period of time, data envelopment analysis (DEA) has grown into a powerful analytical tool for measuring and evaluating performance. DEA is computational at its core. This book deals with the micro aspects of handling and modeling data issues in DEA problems.
Автор: Cooper Название: Data Envelopment Analysis ISBN: 0387452818 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780387452814 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 11549 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Provides a systematic introduction to Data envelopment analysis (DEA) and its uses as a multifaceted tool for evaluating problems in a variety of contexts. This book presents an understanding of DEA and the topics elucidates DEA methodology. It is a useful tool for economists, and applied mathematicians to study economic performance issues.
This book enables readers who may not be familiar with matrices to understand a variety of multivariate analysis procedures in matrix forms. Another feature of the book is that it emphasizes what model underlies a procedure and what objective function is optimized for fitting the model to data. The author believes that the matrix-based learning of such models and objective functions is the fastest way to comprehend multivariate data analysis. The text is arranged so that readers can intuitively capture the purposes for which multivariate analysis procedures are utilized: plain explanations of the purposes with numerical examples precede mathematical descriptions in almost every chapter.
This volume is appropriate for undergraduate students who already have studied introductory statistics. Graduate students and researchers who are not familiar with matrix-intensive formulations of multivariate data analysis will also find the book useful, as it is based on modern matrix formulations with a special emphasis on singular value decomposition among theorems in matrix algebra.
The book begins with an explanation of fundamental matrix operations and the matrix expressions of elementary statistics, followed by the introduction of popular multivariate procedures with advancing levels of matrix algebra chapter by chapter. This organization of the book allows readers without knowledge of matrices to deepen their understanding of multivariate data analysis.
Описание: This book is a comprehensive description of hybrid plasma simulation models and will provide a very useful summary and guide to the vast literature on this topic. It addresses researchers and graduate students knowledgeable about computational science and numerical analysis, and can be used in courses on astrophysical and space plasmas. It is also meant for plasma installation designers. The coupled Vlasov--Maxwell equations with collisions describing well the physical system are far too heavy for numerical simulations. Hybrid models treat some aspects kinetically and some as fluids. In the first part the author discusses hybrid codes, which include a wide spectrum of description for ions, positrons, dust grains, atoms and electrons. In the second part he treats the applications to basic plasma phenomena like particle acceleration and dissipation processes as well as to the global interaction of the solar wind with nonmagnetic planets, comets, and the local interstellar medium.
Описание: This is an introduction to the mathematical basis of finite element analysis as applied to vibrating systems. Finite element analysis is a technique that is very important in modeling the response of structures to dynamic loads. Although this book assumes no previous knowledge of finite element methods, those who do have knowledge will still find the book to be useful. It can be utilised by aeronautical, civil, mechanical, and structural engineers as well as naval architects. This second edition includes information on the many developments that have taken place over the last twenty years. Existing chapters have been expanded where necessary, and three new chapters have been included that discuss the vibration of shells and multi-layered elements and provide an introduction to the hierarchical finite element method.
Описание: Introduction to Data Envelopment Analysis and Its Uses: With DEA-Solver Software and References has been carefully designed by the authors to provide a systematic introduction to DEA and its uses as a multifaceted tool for evaluating problems in a variety of contexts.
Описание: New efficiency theory refers to the various parametric and semi-parametric methods of estimating production and cost frontiers, which include data envelopment analysis (DEA) with its diverse applications in management science and operations research. This monograph develops and generalizes the new efficiency theory by highlighting the interface between economic theory and operations research.Some of the outstanding features of this monograph are: (1) integrating the theory of firm efficiency and industry equilibrium, (2) emphasizing growth efficiency in a dynamic setting, (3) incorporating uncertainty of market demand and prices, and (4) the implications of group efficiency by sharing investments. Applications discuss in some detail the growth and decline of US computer industry, and the relative performance of mutual fund portfolios.
Описание: Motivates DEA as a fresh approach to analyzing data beyond its origin in efficiency analyses. This work presents an integrated framework, and standardized notation for understanding basic DEA models and their extension. It develops an understanding of computational issues involved in solving various DEA formulations.
Описание: Discusses the techniques and their economic applications for modern industries like computer, pharmaceutical, banking and other manufacturing. Both econometric and mathematical programming techniques are analyzed. The industrial applications emphasize the various aspects of R&D spending, advertisement expenditure and imperfect market structures.
Описание: The service economy is now the largest portion of the industrialized world's economic activity. This development has dramatically raised the importance of maximizing productivity excellence in service organizations. The need for productivity excellence has led service organization managers to use benchmarking techniques to identify and adopt best practices in their organizations. Benchmarking has enabled service organizations to continuously improve by allowing service units to learn from methods that prove the most efficient and effective. Service Productivity Management systematically explores complex service issues and suggests the most appropriate methods to improve service productivity, quality, and profitability. The book provides insights and methods to answer questions on a range of productivity issues: How do you manage profitability of a network of hundreds or thousands of branch offices disbursed over several states and countries? How can managed-care organizations manage the quality and cost of hundreds of physicians providing health services to millions of plan members? What methods would enable a government to ensure that the multiple offices serving citizens across a country are operating at low cost while meeting the required service quality? Each of these service settings are examples of the many service providers that deliver a complex set of services to a widely diversified set of customers. . Service Productivity Management is an in-depth guide to using the most powerful available benchmarking technique to improve service organization performance вЂ” Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). The underlying concepts that drive DEA and enable it to increase productivity and profitability of service organizations are explained in non-technical language. It describes how DEA: (1) Identifies best practice service units; (2) Exposes high cost inefficient service units; (3) Identifies specific changes to each service unit to elevate performance to the best practice level that provides high quality service at low cost; and most important, (4) Guides the improvement process. Use of basic and advanced DEA methods are all supported by case-study applications of organizations that have successfully improved their performance. The techniques discussed in the book are accessible to all managers with access to MicrosoftВ® Excel spreadsheet software (Excel). The book provides step-by-step guidance to enable the reader to apply DEA and Excel software to their organization. Packaged with the book is a ready-to-use DEA software CD that includes the DEAFrontier software. DEAFrontier is a MicrosoftВ® Excel Add-in designed to run DEA analyses on any set of organizations of interest to the reader. For a free trial version of the DEAFrontier software, please visit www.deafrontier.com.
Описание: It is difficult to evaluate an organization's performance when there are multiple inputs and multiple outputs to the system. The difficulties are further enhanced when the relationships between the inputs and the outputs are complex and involve unknown tradeoffs. This book introduces DEA as a multiple-measure performance evaluation and benchmarking tool. The focus of performance evaluation and benchmarking is shifted from characterizing performance in terms of single measures to evaluating performance as a multidimensional systems perspective.New DEA models and approaches are presented to deal with performance evaluation problems in a variety of contexts. A context-dependent DEA measures the relative attractiveness of similar operations/processes/products. Sensitivity analysis techniques can be easily applied and used to identify critical performance measures. Value chain efficiency models and DEA benchmarking models can be utilized to study the impact of information technology (IT) investments. These models can help organizations better understand the real impact of their IT investments and integrate technology more efficiently and effectively for the future.Conventional and new DEA approaches are presented and discussed using spreadsheets - one of the most effective ways to analyze and evaluate decision alternatives. The user can easily develop and customize new DEA models based upon these spreadsheets.This book also provides easy-to-use DEA software - DEA Excel Solver. This DEA Excel Solver is an Add-In for MicrosoftВ® Excel and provides a custom menu of DEA approaches, which include more than 150 different DEA models. It is an extremely powerful tool that can assist decision-makers in benchmarking and analyzing complex operational efficiency issues in manufacturing organizations as well as evaluating processes in banking, retail, franchising, health care, e-business, public services and many other industries. The DEA Excel Solver does not set limit on the number of units, inputs or outputs. With the capacity of Excel Solver, the DEA Excel Solver can deal with large sized performance evaluation tasks. For a free version of DEA Excel Solver, please visit www.deafrontier.com.
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