Автор: Fahlman Название: Materials Chemistry ISBN: 9400706928 ISBN-13(EAN): 9789400706927 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 8738 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.
Описание: The 2nd edition of Materials Chemistry builds on the strengths that were recognized by a 2008 Textbook Excellence Award from the Text and Academic Authors Association (TAA). Materials Chemistry addresses inorganic-, organic-, and nano-based materials from a structure vs. property treatment, providing a suitable breadth and depth coverage of the rapidly evolving materials field — in a concise format. The 2nd edition continues to offer innovative coverage and practical perspective throughout, e.g.: the opening solid-state chemistry chapter uses color illustrations of crystalline unit cells and digital photos of models to clarify their structures. This edition features more archetypical unit cells and includes fundamental principles of X-ray crystallography and band theory. In addition, an ample amorphous-solids section has been expanded to include more details regarding zeolite syntheses, as well as ceramics classifications and their biomaterial applications. The subsequent metals chapter has been re-organized for clarity, and continues to treat the full spectrum of powder metallurgical methods, complex phase behaviors of the Fe-C system and steels, and topics such as corrosion and shape-memory properties. The mining/processing of metals has also been expanded to include photographs of various processes occurring in an actual steelmaking plant. The semiconductor chapter addresses evolution and limitations/solutions of modern transistors, as well as IC fabrication and photovoltaics. Building on the fundamentals presented earlier, more details regarding the band structure of semiconductors is now included, as well as discussions of GaAs vs. Si for microelectronics applications, and surface reconstruction nomenclature. The emerging field of ‘soft lithographic’ patterning is now included in this chapter, and thin film deposition methodologies are also greatly expanded to now include more fundamental aspects of chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and atomic layer deposition (ALD). The polymer and ‘soft’ materials chapter represents the largest expansion for the 2nd edition. This chapter describes all polymeric classes including dendritic polymers, as well as important additives such as plasticizers and flame-retardants, and emerging applications such as molecular magnets and self-repairing polymers. This edition now features ‘click chemistry’ polymerization, silicones, conductive polymers and biomaterials applications such as biodegradable polymers, biomedical devices, drug delivery, and contact lenses. Final chapters on nanomaterials and materials-characterization techniques are also carefully surveyed, focusing on nomenclature, synthetic techniques, and applications taken from the latest scientific literature. The 2nd edition has been significantly updated to now include nanotoxicity, vapor-phase growth of 0-D nanostructures, and more details regarding synthetic techniques and mechanisms for solution-phase growth of various nanomaterials. Graphene, recognized by the 2010 Nobel Prize in Physics, is now also included in this edition. Most appropriate for Junior/Senior undergraduate students, as well as first-year graduate students in chemistry, physics, or engineering fields, Materials Chemistry may also serve as a valuable reference to industrial researchers. Each chapter concludes with a section that describes important materials applications, and an updated list of thought-provoking questions. The appendices have also been updated with additional laboratory modules for materials synthesis (e.g., porous silicon) and a comprehensive timeline of major materials developments.
Описание: The main objective of this book is to provide an introductory perspective of the basic principles of semiconductors, being an integrated overview of the basic properties, applications, and characterization of semiconductors in a single volume. This book is suitable for both undergraduate and graduate students, and for researchers, working in a wide variety of fields in physical and engineering sciences, who require an introductory and concise description of the field of semiconductors.
Автор: Dodziuk H. Название: Introduction to Supramolecular Chemistry ISBN: 1402002149 ISBN-13(EAN): 9781402002144 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 17476 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: A new rapidly progressing field on the crossroads among chemistry, biochemistry, physics and technology - supramolecular chemistry - has just emerged. You have to be involved, to know what's going on in this domain and to take part in the development. This book will show you in a condensed form exciting phenomena unthinkable within the realm of classical organic chemistry (for example, alkali metal anions or cyclobutadiene stable for month at room temperature) that not only provide the basis for revolutionizing numerous branches of industry but also improve our understanding of the functioning of living organisms and of the origin of life. Designing supramolecular systems with desired properties will among others make chemical industry cleaner and more safe, electronics smaller by developing devices composed of single molecule or molecular aggregate. It will also entirely change the way we use energy resources. In addition, it will also transform the pharmaceutical industry and medicine by developing new ways of drugs administration and new composite biocompatible materials which will serve as implants of new generation changing dentistry, surgery, and other branches of medicine. You cannot afford to stand apart. With its brief but comprehensive and vivid presentation including the latest development, Introduction to Supramolecular Chemistry is the best method to get into this domain. This book provides an excellent summary of information scattered across the literature. The brief but comprehensive coverage of the whole field including practically all important group of compounds forming aggregates (in particular crown ethers, cavitands, fullerenes, cyclodextrins and their complexes) provisioning full references for the discussed subjects make this book of value not only for Ph.D. students and non-specialists in this domain but also for those working in the field. The book has been found to be a particularly useful resource for students and more generally for those wanting to get the up-to-date concise account of this exciting field.
Описание: This book gives a mathematical treatment of a novel concept in material science that characterizes the properties of dynamic materialsвЂ”that is, material substances whose properties are variable in space and time. Unlike conventional composites that are often found in nature, dynamic materials are mostly the products of modern technology developed to maintain the most effective control over dynamic processes. These materials have diverse applications: tunable left-handed dielectrics, optical pumping with high-energy pulse compression, and electromagnetic stealth technology, to name a few. Of special significance is the participation of dynamic materials in almost every optimal material design in dynamics. The book discusses some general features of dynamic materials as thermodynamically open systems; it gives their adequate tensor description in the context of MaxwellвЂ™s theory of moving dielectrics and makes a special emphasis on the theoretical analysis of spatio-temporal material composites (such as laminates and checkerboard structures). Some unusual applications are listed along with the discussion of some typical optimization problems in space-time via dynamic materials.
Автор: Hull, Derek Clyne, T.w. Название: Introduction to composite materials ISBN: 0521388554 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780521388559 Издательство: Cambridge Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 3643 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: An updated edition of a textbook on composite materials for undergraduates researchers in materials science and engineering.
Автор: John, Vernon Название: Introduction to engineering materials ISBN: 033394917X ISBN-13(EAN): 9780333949177 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 6544 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: An undergraduate text for engineers studying materials science, this book deals with the basic principles in a simple yet meaningful manner. Updated throughout and with new diagrams and photographs in this fourth edition, this continues to be a popular text with students and lecturers alike.
Описание: Deals with the fundamentals of chemistry and physics of key processes and fundamental mechanisms for various combustion and combustion related phenomena in gaseous combustible mixture. This book provides the reader with basic knowledge of burning processes and mechanisms of reaction wave propagation.
Описание: Our book provides an introduction to the most important computational methods of use to simulations of a wide spectrum of materials science problems with special emphasis to catalysis. Basic principles of electronic structure as well as molecular dynamics and Monte Carlo methods are presented. Applications are given to spectroscopic properties, chemical reactivity and transport properties of catalytically interesting materials.
Автор: Price Название: An Introduction to Archaeological Chemistry ISBN: 1441963758 ISBN-13(EAN): 9781441963758 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 11215 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Archaeological chemistry is a subject of great importance to the study and methodology of archaeology. This comprehensive text covers the subject with a full range of case studies, materials, and research methods. With twenty years of experience teaching the subject, the authors offer straightforward coverage of archaeological chemistry, a subject that can be intimidating for many archaeologists who do not already have a background in the hard sciences. With clear explanations and informative illustrations, the authors have created a highly approachable text, which will help readers overcome that intimidation. Topics covered included: Materials (rock, pottery, bone, charcoal, soils, metals, and others), Instruments (microscopes, NAA, spectrometers, mass spectrometers, GC/MS, XRF & XRD, Case Studies (Provinience, Sediments, Diet Reconstruction, Past Human Movement, Organic Residues). The detailed coverage and clear language will make this useful as an introduction to the study of archaeological chemistry, as well as a useful resource for years after that introduction.
Описание: Materials Science in Construction explains the science behind the properties and behavior of construction's most fundamental materials (metals, cement and concrete, polymers, timber, bricks and blocks, glass and plaster).In particular, the critical factors affecting in situ materials are examined, such as deterioration and the behavior and durability of materials under performance.An accessible, easy-to-follow approach makes this book ideal for all diploma and undergraduate students on construction-related courses taking a module in construction materials.
Computational Materials Science: An Introduction covers the essentials of computational science and explains how computational tools and techniques work to help solve materials science problems. The book focuses on two levels of a materials system: the electronic structure level of nuclei and electrons and the atomistic/molecular level. It presents computational treatments of these system levels using molecular dynamics (MD) and first-principles methods, since they are most relevant in materials science and engineering.
After a general overview of computational science, the text introduces MD methods based on classical mechanics and covers their implementation with run examples of XMD and LAMMPS. The author discusses first-principles methods based on quantum mechanics at an introductory level, using illustrations and analogies to assist students in understanding this difficult subject. The book then describes the density functional theory (DFT)--the first-principles method that can handle materials practically. It also reveals how each orbital of electron leads to particular properties of solids, such as total energy, band structure, and barrier energy. The final chapter implements the DFT into actual calculations with various run examples via the VASP program.
Computational methods are contributing more than ever to the development of advanced materials and new applications. For students and newcomers to computational science, this text shows how computational science can be used as a tool for solving materials problems. Further reading sections provide students with more advanced references.
Описание: This comprehensive introduction to biomaterials discusses how materials are selected, designed, and modified for integration with living tissue. Biomaterials have applications in tissue engineering, medical devices, orthopedics, and other areas.
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