In the century after the Civil War, an economic revolution improved the American standard of living in ways previously unimaginable. Electric lighting, indoor plumbing, home appliances, motor vehicles, air travel, air conditioning, and television transformed households and workplaces. With medical advances, life expectancy between 1870 and 1970 grew from forty-five to seventy-two years. Weaving together a vivid narrative, historical anecdotes, and economic analysis, "The Rise and Fall of American Growth" provides an in-depth account of this momentous era. But has that era of unprecedented growth come to an end?
Gordon challenges the view that economic growth can or will continue unabated, and he demonstrates that the life-altering scale of innovations between 1870 and 1970 can't be repeated. He contends that the nation's productivity growth, which has already slowed to a crawl, will be further held back by the vexing headwinds of rising inequality, stagnating education, an aging population, and the rising debt of college students and the federal government. Gordon warns that the younger generation may be the first in American history that fails to exceed their parents' standard of living, and that rather than depend on the great advances of the past, we must find new solutions to overcome the challenges facing us.
A critical voice in the debates over economic stagnation, "The Rise and Fall of American Growth" is at once a tribute to a century of radical change and a harbinger of tougher times to come.
How women coped with both formal barriers and informal opposition to their entry into the traditionally masculine field of engineering in American higher education.
Engineering education in the United States was long regarded as masculine territory. For decades, women who studied or worked in engineering were popularly perceived as oddities, outcasts, unfeminine (or inappropriately feminine in a male world). In Girls Coming to Tech , Amy Bix tells the story of how women gained entrance to the traditionally male field of engineering in American higher education.
As Bix explains, a few women breached the gender-reinforced boundaries of engineering education before World War II. During World War II, government, employers, and colleges actively recruited women to train as engineering aides, channeling them directly into defense work. These wartime training programs set the stage for more engineering schools to open their doors to women. Bix offers three detailed case studies of postwar engineering coeducation. Georgia Tech admitted women in 1952 to avoid a court case, over objections by traditionalists. In 1968, Caltech male students argued that nerds needed a civilizing female presence. At MIT, which had admitted women since the 1870s but treated them as a minor afterthought, feminist-era activists pushed the school to welcome more women and take their talent seriously.
In the 1950s, women made up less than one percent of students in American engineering programs; in 2010 and 2011, women earned 18.4% of bachelor's degrees, 22.6% of master's degrees, and 21.8% of doctorates in engineering. Bix's account shows why these gains were hard won.
Описание: Retelling the story of the civil rights movement from the perspective of its African-American women participants, Robnett argues that chroniclers have egregiously neglected the most important leaders of the movement, African-American women, in favour of higher profile African-American men and white women.
Автор: Roberson, Susan L. Название: Antebellum american women writers and the road ISBN: 0415883547 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780415883542 Издательство: Taylor&Francis Рейтинг: Цена: 12540 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: A study of American women`s narratives of mobility and travel. It examines how geographic movement opened up other movements or mobilities for antebellum women at a time of great national expansion. It demonstrates how women not only went out on the open road, but participated in public discussions of nationhood in the texts they wrote.
Описание: Provides a comprehensive investigation of the effects of gender on women`s lives the United States. This text integrates the various scholarship and research from a variety of disciplines, including sociology, psychology, political science, education, history, economics, law, mass communications, and the health sciences.
Описание: Single by Chance, Mothers by Choice is the first book to provide an intimate portrait of women who have chosen to become single mothers. Drawing on in-depth personal interviews, Hertz follows individual women as they make the psychological break with traditional expectations and identify specific paths to motherhood. These routes include using known and anonymous donors, adoption, and chancing pregnancy. A candid portrayal of the new single motherhood, the bookreveals how women are recreating our notions of family, and the pitfalls single parents continue to face.
Описание: With suffrage secured in 1920, feminists faced the challenge of how to keep their momentum going. As the centre of the movement shrank, a small, self-appointed vanguard of “modern” women carried the cause forward in life and work. Feminism as Life’s Work profiles four of these women: the author Inez Haynes Irwin, the historian Mary Ritter Beard, the activist Doris Stevens, and Lorine Pruette, a psychologist. Their life-stories, told here in full for the first time, embody the changes of the first four decades of the twentieth century—and complicate what we know of the period.Through these women’s intertwined stories, Mary Trigg traces the changing nature of the women’s movement across turbulent decades rent by world war, revolution, global depression, and the rise of fascism. Criticizing the standard division of feminist activism as a series of historical waves, Trigg exposes how Irwin, Beard, Stevens, and Pruette helped push the U.S. feminist movement to victory and continued to propel it forward from the 1920s to the 1960s, decades not included in the “wave” model. At a time widely viewed as the “doldrums” of feminism, the women in this book were in fact taking the cause to new sites: the National Women’s Party; sexuality and relations with men; marriage; and work and financial independence. In their utopian efforts to reshape work, sexual relations, and marriage, modern feminists ran headlong into the harsh realities of male power, the sexual double standard, the demands of motherhood, and gendered social structures.In Feminism as Life’s Work, Irwin, Beard, Stevens, and Pruette emerge as the heirs of the suffrage movement, guardians of a long feminist tradition, and catalysts of the belief in equality and difference. Theirs is a story of courage, application, and perseverance—a story that revisits the “bleak and lonely years” of the U.S. women’s movement and emerges with a fresh perspective of the history of this pivotal era.
Описание: In the late nineteenth century, the United States underwent an extremely rapid industrial expansion that moved the nation into the front ranks of the world economy. At the same time, the nation maintained democratic institutions as the primary means of allocating political offices and power. The combination of robust democratic institutions and rapid industrialization is rare and this book explains how development and democracy coexisted in the United States during industrialization. Most literature focuses on either electoral politics or purely economic analyses of industrialization. This book synthesizes politics and economics by stressing the Republican party’s role as a developmental agent in national politics, the primacy of the three great developmental policies (the gold standard, the protective tariff, and the national market) in state and local politics, and the impact of uneven regional development on the construction of national political coalitions in Congress and presidential elections.
Описание: Offers the facsimile edition of the guide issued to soldiers just before they embarked for France to help them understand both why they were going and what they`d find when they got there. This book also includes instructions which highlight France`s role as a major US ally.
Описание: From the Hoover vacuum cleaner to the fax machine, from Rosie the Riveter to Martha Stewart and Hillary Rodham Clinton American women have grappled with a sometimes dizzying rate of social and economic change and continually shifting conceptions of gender. This collection chronicles the history of women, beginning with World War II.
ООО "Логосфера " Тел:+7(495) 980-12-10 www.logobook.ru