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Judging Edward Teller: A Closer Look at One of the Most Influential Scientists of the Twentieth Century, Hargittai Istvan



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Автор: Hargittai Istvan
Название:  Judging Edward Teller: A Closer Look at One of the Most Influential Scientists of the Twentieth Century
Издательство: Random House (USA)
Классификация:
Биография: наука, техника и медицина
ФИЗИКА

ISBN: 1616142219
ISBN-13(EAN): 9781616142216
ISBN: 1-61614-221-9
ISBN-13(EAN): 978-1-61614-221-6
Обложка/Формат: Hardback
Вес: 0.953 кг.
Дата издания: 31.10.2010
Язык: English
Иллюстрации: B&w illustrations throughout
Размер: 230 x 163 x 37
Читательская аудитория: General (us: trade)
Рейтинг:
Поставляется из: США
Описание: Many people know Edward Teller as the Father of the H-Bomb. To his supporters he was a hero of the Cold War. To his detractors he was evil personified. Between these extremes was the life of the real man.
In this definitive and comprehensive biography, a personal acquaintance of Tellers presents a balanced portrait of the multifaceted and enigmatic scientist against the backdrop of a turbulent period of history. Taking pains to avoid bias and preconceptions, thr author critically examines Tellers personality, family background, and the experiences that guided his actions--correcting many of the myths that others and Teller himself promulgated.
Drawing for the first time on hitherto unknown archival material from Hungarian, American, and German sources, the author provides fresh insights that help the reader to understand Tellers motivations, his relationships with friends and foes, and his driven personality. In addition to this research and his own memories of Teller, Hargittai has interviewed such prominent figures as Richard Garwin, Freeman Dyson, George A. Keyworth, and Wendy Teller (Edward Tellers daughter), among others.
The author reviews the significant facets of Tellers life: his Jewish-Hungarian origins, forced emigrations, brilliance in science, and devotion to the defense of the United States. He discusses Tellers ruthless Machiavellism in achieving his goals, which included his pivotal role in the creation of the hydrogen bomb and the second weapons laboratory at Livermore, as well as his damaging testimony against physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer. Tellers peers viewed this testimony as a betrayal and, in effect, sent him into internal exile, which Hargittai describes as more tormenting to him than his previous emigrations.
The author notes that Teller was sometimes called a monomaniac with many manias, such as his fierce opposition to nuclear test bans during the Cold War and, toward the end of his life, his role as propagandist for the Strategic Defense Initiative. Yet, his very excesses may have in fact contributed to the demise of the Soviet Union.
Who was Edward Teller--the real Dr. Strangelove, the driven crusader for the H-Bomb, the villain who destroyed Oppenheimer, or the devoted husband, loyal friend, patriot, and strongly idealistic scientist? This monumental work will reveal the contradictory nature of this complex man in all his strengths, flaws, and brilliance.




Drive and Curiosity: What Fuels the Passion for Science

Автор: Hargittai Istvan
Название: Drive and Curiosity: What Fuels the Passion for Science
ISBN: 1616144688 ISBN-13(EAN): 9781616144685
Издательство: Random House (USA)
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Цена: 1778 р.
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Описание: What motivates those few scientists who rise above their peers to achieve breakthrough discoveries? This book examines the careers of fifteen eminent scientists who achieved some of the most notable discoveries of the past century, providing an insider's perspective on the history of twentieth century science based on these engaging personality profiles. They include: - Dan Shechtman, the 2011 Nobel laureate and discoverer of quasicrystals; - James D. Watson, the Nobel laureate and codiscoverer of the double helix structure of DNA; - Linus Pauling, the Nobel laureate remembered most for his work on the structure of proteins; - Edward Teller, a giant of the 20th century who accomplished breakthroughs in understanding of nuclear fusion; - George Gamow, a pioneering scientist who devised the initially ridiculed and now accepted Big Bang. In each case, the author has uncovered a singular personality characteristic, motivational factor, or circumstance that, in addition to their extraordinary drive and curiosity, led these scientists to make outstanding contributions. For example, Gertrude B. Elion, who discovered drugs that saved millions of lives, was motivated to find new medications after the deaths of her grandfather and later her fiance. F. Sherwood Rowland, who stumbled upon the environmental harm caused by chlorofluorocarbons, eventually felt a moral imperative to become an environmental activist. Rosalyn Yalow, the codiscoverer of the radioimmunoassay always felt she had to prove herself in the face of prejudice against her as a woman. These and many more fascinating revelations make this a must-read for everyone who wants to know what traits and circumstances contribute to a person's becoming the scientist who makes the big breakthrough.


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