Описание: An analysis of Islamic law as it was imposed on the people of the medieval Maghrib.
Автор: Maddy-Weitzman & Zisenwine Название: The Maghrib In The New Century ISBN: 0813044707 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780813044705 Издательство: Eurospan Рейтинг: Цена: 3630 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Situated on Europe's threshold, the Maghrib's core states--Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia--are confronted by many of the same dire political, social, and economic circumstances as the Arab and other Muslim countries farther east. However, these countries are often overlooked during debates over the future of the Middle East, even though their political and social systems appear more ripe for the kind of partnership envisaged by Western policy-makers than others in the region.<br><br>This volume features a topical focus on Islamic movements, an emphasis on the importance of the Berber dimension of contemporary North African society and politics, and the inclusion of a crucial transnational perspective stressing the Maghrib's ties to Europe. All of this is set against a backdrop of larger questions of history, memory, and national identity at the dawn of a new century.
Описание: Focusing on the Maghrib in the period between 1300 and 1500, David Powers analyses the application of Islamic law through the role of the mufti. To unravel the sophistication of the law, he considers six cases which took place in the Marinid period on subjects as diverse as paternity, fornication, water rights, family endowments, the slander of the Prophet and disinheritance. The source for these disputes are fatwas issued by the muftis, which the author uses to situate each case in its historical context and to interpret the principles of Islamic law. In so doing he demonstrates that, contrary to popular stereotypes, muftis were in fact dedicated to reasoned argument, and sensitive to the manner in which law, society and culture interacted. The book represents a ground-breaking approach to a complex field. It will be read by students of Islamic law and those interested in traditional Muslim societies.
This survey of North African history challenges both conventional attitudes toward North Africa and previously published histories written from the point of view of Western scholarship. The book aims, in Professor Laroui's words, "to give from within a decolonized vision of North African history just as the present leaders of the Maghrib are trying to modernize the economic and social structure of the country."
The text is divided into four parts: the origins of the Islamic conquest; the stages of Islamization; the breakdown of central authority from the sixteenth to the eighteenth centuries; and the advent of colonial rule. Drawing on the methods of sociology and political science as well as traditional and modern historical approaches, the author stresses the evolution marked by these four stages and the internal forces that affected it.
Until now, the author contends, North African history has been written either by colonial administrators and politicians concerned to defend foreign rule, or by nationalist ideologues. Both used an old-fashioned historiography, he asserts, focusing on political events, dynastic conflicts, and theological controversies. Here, Abdallah Laroui seeks to present the viewpoint of a Maghribi concerning the history of his own country, and to relate this history to the present structure of the region.
Originally published in 1977.
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