Описание: A 2005 set comprising five volumes detailing the histories of the established departments of the Carnegie Institution of Washington: the Mount Wilson Observatory, the Department of Terrestrial Magnetism, the Geophysical Laboratory, the Department of Plant Biology and the Department of Embryology. A century of experiment, discovery and evolution is revealed.
Описание: Since the mid-1820s, a series of lectures has been delivered each year over the Christmas period in the world-famous Faraday Lecture Theatre at The Royal
Institution of Great Britain by prominent scientists, addressed specifically to an audience of children. Initially made accessible in book form, the lectures have been nationally televised
throughout the UK and distributed worldwide since the 1960s, making them accessible to an even larger audience. The importance of these lectures in promoting science to a broad
audience is perhaps best gauged by the fact that an image of one of Faraday's lectures appeared on the Bank of England GBP20 note in the 1990s.This anthology brings together, for
the first time, a carefully chosen selection of 11 lectures from the 1860s to the 1990s.
The selection includes lectures by Michael Faraday, arguably the most important and
influential 19th-century physicist, and Lawrence Bragg, the youngest ever winner of the Nobel Prize. Through this work, readers will come to grips with the changing nature of popular
science lectures over the past 140 years.
Описание: Indicators for scientific excellence based on grants received are outlined and university as well as non-university research institutions are ranked according to these indicators. Thus the book is a unique source of valuable data about scientific research in Germany, one of the world's leading industrial countries.
Описание: This book includes ten original essays that critically examine central themes of John SearleвЂ™s ontology of society, as well as a new essay by Searle that summarizes and further develops his work in that area. The critical essays are grouped into three parts. Part I (Aspects of Collective Intentionality) examines the account of collective intention and action underlying SearleвЂ™s analysis of social and institutional facts, with special emphasis on how that account relates to the dispute between individualism and anti-individualism in the analysis of social behaviour, and to the opposition between internalism and externalism in the analysis of intentionality. Part II (From Intentions to Institutions: Development and Evolution) scrutinizes the ontogenetic and phylogenetic credentials of SearleвЂ™s view that, unlike other kinds of social facts, institutional facts are uniquely human, and develops original suggestions concerning their place in human evolution and development. Part III (Aspects of Institutional Reality) focuses on SearleвЂ™s claim that institutional facts owe their existence to the collective acceptance of constitutive rules whose effect is the creation of deontic powers, and examines central issues relevant to its assessment (among others, the status of the distinction between regulative and constitutive rules, the significance of the distinction between brute and deontic powers, and the issue of the logical derivability of normative from descriptive propositions, and the import of the difference between moral and non-moral normative principles). Written by an international team of philosophers and social scientists, the essays aim to contribute to a deeper understanding of SearleвЂ™s work on the ontology of society, and to suggest new approaches to fundamental questions in that research area.
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