Автор: Besley Timothy Название: Pillars of Prosperity ISBN: 0691152683 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780691152684 Издательство: Princeton UP Цена: 5524 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ. Описание:
"Little else is required to carry a state to the highest degree of opulence from the lowest barbarism, but peace, easy taxes, and a tolerable administration of justice; all the rest being brought about by the natural course of things." So wrote Adam Smith a quarter of a millennium ago. Using the tools of modern political economics and combining economic theory with a bird's-eye view of the data, this book reinterprets Smith's pillars of prosperity to explain the existence of development clusters--places that tend to combine effective state institutions, the absence of political violence, and high per-capita incomes.
To achieve peace, the authors stress the avoidance of repressive government and civil conflict. Easy taxes, they argue, refers not to low taxes, but a tax system with widespread compliance that collects taxes at a reasonable cost from a broad base, like income. And a tolerable administration of justice is about legal infrastructure that can support the enforcement of contracts and property rights in line with the rule of law. The authors show that countries tend to enjoy all three pillars of prosperity when they have evolved cohesive political institutions that promote common interests, guaranteeing the provision of public goods. In line with much historical research, international conflict has also been an important force behind effective states by fostering common interests. The absence of common interests and/or cohesive political institutions can explain the existence of very different development clusters in fragile states that are plagued by poverty, violence, and weak state capacity.
Автор: Lundgren Charlotte J. Название: Boom, Bust or Prosperity? ISBN: 1484369327 ISBN-13(EAN): 9781484369326 Издательство: Eurospan Рейтинг: Цена: 3221 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Sizeable natural resource endowments and potentially large financial inflows from their extraction provide an unparalleled opportunity for economic growth and development in a growing number of sub-Saharan African countries. Empirical evidence suggests, however, that translating this resource wealth into stronger economic performance and a higher standard of living has proven challenging. Much has been written about the resource curse. This publication focuses on solutions to the challenges and outlines the main policy considerations and options in managing natural resource wealth, drawing on experience within and outside sub-Saharan Africa and referring closely to the latest analysis and policy advice in this area by the IMF, the World Bank, and leading academic research. A key feature of each chapter is a recommended reading list for those who wish additional, more in-depth material on these issues to further inform policymakers and other stakeholders on the theoretical and analytical underpinnings of the policy advice.
Описание: Offers an empirically-grounded analysis of the consistently positive development track record of poor countries with democratic governments versus those with more oppressive political systems. This book presents an evenly argued liberal internationalist justification for making democracy a central feature of US foreign policy.
Описание: Faith in the free market has become a basic tenet of public policy debate, but as this text demonstrates, so-called "free market" programmes have been a dismal failure, heightening inequality, lowering the median standard of living, and steadily eroding the quality of our social and political life.
Описание: Heal clearly and passionately demonstrates that the only way to achieve long-term economic growth is to protect our environment. Writing both to those conversant in economics and to those encountering these ideas for the first time, Heal begins with familiar concepts, like the tragedy of the commons and unregulated pollution, to demonstrate the underlying tensions that have compromised our planet. After painting a stark and unsettling picture of our current quandary, Heal outlines simple solutions that have already proven effective in conserving nature and boosting economic growth.
How can developing countries grow their economies? Most answers to this question center on what the rich world should or shouldn t do for the poor world. In "The Quest for Prosperity," Justin Yifu Lin the first non-Westerner to be chief economist of the World Bank focuses on what developing nations can do to help themselves. Lin examines how the countries that have succeeded in developing their own economies have actually done it. Interwoven with insights, observations, and stories from Lin s travels as chief economist of the World Bank and his reflections on China s rise, this book provides a road map and hope for those countries engaged in their own quest for prosperity."
Описание: As the United States struggles and the economies of Europe stagger, we fail to see a way out of this agonizing cycle of repeated financial meltdowns. In fact, there are thousands of ways to solve not only our recurring fiscal crises but our ongoing social and ecological debacles as well. Solutions are already in place where terrible problems once existed. The changes came about not through increased conventional taxation, enlightened self-interest, or government programs but by people simply rethinking the concept of money. With this restructuring, everything changes. In this visionary book, Bernard Lietaer and Jacqui Dunne explore the origins of our current monetary system--built on bank debt and scarcity--revealing the surprising and sometimes shocking ways its unconscious limitations give rise to so many serious problems. But there is hope. The authors present stories of ordinary people and their communities using new money, working in cooperation with national currencies, to strengthen local economies, create work, beautify cities, and provide education--and so much more is possible. These real-world examples are just the tip of the iceberg--over 4,000 cooperative currencies are already in existence. The book provides remedies for challenges faced by governments, businesses, nonprofits, local communities, and even banks. It demystifies a complex and critically important topic and will strike a deep chord with readers eager to find innovative, meaningful solutions that will do far more than restore prosperity--it will provide the framework for an era of sustainable abundance.
How can developing countries grow their economies? Most answers to this question center on what the rich world should or shouldn't do for the poor world. In The Quest for Prosperity, Justin Yifu Lin--the first non-Westerner to be chief economist of the World Bank--focuses on what developing nations can do to help themselves.
Since the end of the Second World War, prescriptions for economic growth have come and gone. Often motivated more by ideology than practicality, these blueprints have had mixed success on the ground. Drawing lessons from history, economic analysis, and practice, Lin examines how the countries that have succeeded in developing their own economies have actually done it. He shows that economic development is a process of continuous technological innovation, industrial upgrading, and structural change driven by how countries harness their land, labor, capital, and infrastructure. Countries need to identify and facilitate the development of those industries where they have a comparative advantage--where they can produce products most effectively--and use them as a basis for development. At the same time, states need to recognize the power of markets, limiting the role of government to allow firms to flourish and lead the process of technological innovation and industrial upgrading. By following this "new structural economics" framework, Lin shows how even the poorest nations can grow at eight percent or more continuously for several decades, significantly reduce poverty, and become middle- or even high-income countries in the span of one or two generations.
Interwoven with insights, observations, and stories from Lin's travels as chief economist of the World Bank and his reflections on China's rise, this book provides a road map and hope for those countries engaged in their own quest for prosperity.
What happened yesterday in the West is today being repeated on a globalscale. Industrial society is replacing rural society: millions of peasants in China, India, and elsewhere are leaving the countryside and going to the city. New powersare emerging and rivalries are exacerbated as competition increases for control ofraw materials. Contrary to what believers in the "clash of civilizations"maintain, the great risk of the twenty-first century is not a confrontation betweencultures but a repetition of history. In "The Prosperity of Vice," the influential French economist Daniel Cohen shows that violence, rather thanpeace, has been the historical accompaniment to prosperity. Peace in Europe cameonly after the barbaric wars of the twentieth century, not as the outcome ofeconomic growth. What will happen this time for today's eagerly Westernizingemerging nations? Cohen guides us through history, describing the European discoveryof the "philosopher's stone" the possibility of perpetual growth. But theconsequences of addiction to growth are dire in an era of globalization. If abillion Chinese consume a billion cars, the future of the planet is threatened. But, Cohen points out, there is another kind of globalization: the immaterialglobalization enabled by the Internet. It is still possible, he argues, that thecyber-world will create a new awareness of global solidarity. It even may help usaccomplish a formidable cognitive task, as immense as that realized during theIndustrial Revolution--one that would allow us learn to live within the limits of asolitary planet.
Описание: Leading economist John B. Taylor`s straightforward plan to rebuild America`s economic future by returning to its founding principles.
Автор: Auerswald, Philip Название: The Coming Prosperity ISBN: 0199795177 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780199795178 Издательство: Oxford Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 2738 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Large countries with burgeoning populations such as China, India, and Brazil have economies that have grown exponentially over the last few decades, and projections indicate that they will continue to do so for some time to come. Philip Auerswald's The Coming Prosperity argues that this introduction of the majority of the world's population into the global economy should be considered a source of great opportunity. Auerswald links personal, social entrepreneurship narratives with global movements, in which 'the rise of the rest' are not threats to the world's stability but rather unique opportunities to discover new pathways toward progress and prosperity.
Описание: The basic argument of this treatise is that Western nations are wealthier and more productive than other countries because of their market-oriented economic institutions. It takes a free-market approach to the subject of economic development, exploring opportunities and obstacles for development.
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