Описание: Liquid crystals, polymers and polymer liquid crystals are soft condensed matter systems of major technological and scientific interest. An understanding of the macroscopic properties of these complex systems and of their many and interesting peculiarities at the molecular level can nowadays only be attained using computer simulations and statistical mechanical theories. Both in the Liquid Crystal and Polymer fields a considerable amount of simulation work has been done in the last few years with various classes of models at different special resolutions, ranging from atomistic to molecular and coarse-grained lattice models. Each of the two fields has developed its own set of tools and specialized procedures and the book aims to provide a state of the art review of the computer simulation studies of polymers and liquid crystals. This is of great importance in view of a potential cross-fertilization between these connected areas which is particularly apparent for a number of experimental systems like, e.g. polymer liquid crystals and anisotropic gels where the different fields necessarily merge. An effort has been made to assess the possibilities of a coherent description of the themes that have developed independently, and to compare and extend the theoretical and computational techniques put forward in the different areas.
Автор: Kelly Название: Liquid Crystalline Semiconductors ISBN: 9048128722 ISBN-13(EAN): 9789048128723 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 15625 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: The self-assembling properties and supramolecular structures of liquid crystals can be made use of in order to improve the performance of such devices. This book explains the relationships between chemical structure, liquid crystalline behaviour and other physical properties, such as charge-transport, photoluminescence and electroluminescence.
Описание: Discusses many general-purpose ab-initio codes for crystals. This book intends to expand competence of their application in material sciences and solid-state physics. It addresses a general knowledge in quantum chemistry and gives an insight into the special algorithms and computational techniques in ab-initio computer codes for crystals.
Автор: Popescu M.A. Название: Non-Crystalline Chalcogenicides ISBN: 1402003595 ISBN-13(EAN): 9781402003592 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 14648 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: The Non-Crystalline Chalcogenides is the most detailed book published to date in the field of amorphous and glassy chalcogenide materials. The book covers the scientific and technological information on chalcogens (sulphur, selenium, tellurium) and chalcogenide combinations. Detailed descriptions and a large corpus of physico-chemical data on these materials are the outstanding features of this book. The influence of various external factors, especially light, is treated in great detail and includes the latest news in the research of non-crystalline chalcogenides. The basical applications in optoelectronics are also discussed. The book is intended for use as a reference and research handbook for graduate and postgraduate students, for scientists and engineers working in the field of materials science and device physics.
Описание: This book systematically examines current research into photoalignment technology, presenting the physical principles and the potential application of photoaligning materials for the efficient working of liquid crystal devices. As well as covering state-of-the-art techniques and key applications, the authors present their own diffusion model for photoalignment. The book begins with a full examination of the mechanisms of photoalignment, going on to look at the properties of liquid crystals during photoalignment, including its effect on their chemical structure and stability. The following chapter sets out several methods for photoalignment of liquid crystals, leading to potential applications, such as novel liquid crystal display (LCD) devices.
Автор: Goetzberger Название: Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells ISBN: 0471971448 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780471971443 Издательство: Wiley Рейтинг: Цена: 19577 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: This text presents the theoretical basis of PV in crystalline silicon in terms of semiconductor physics, device analysis and measurement. Coverage includes a short history of PV, solar radiation and semiconductor physics, including PN junctions.
Описание: This undergraduate textbook merges traditional solid state physics with contemporary condensed matter physics, providing an up-to-date introduction to the major concepts that form the foundations of condensed materials. The main foundational principles are emphasized, providing students with the knowledge beginners in the field should understand. The book is structured in four parts and allows students to appreciate how the concepts in this broad area build upon each other to produce a cohesive whole as they work through the chapters. Illustrations work closely with the text to convey concepts and ideas visually, enhancing student understanding of difficult material, and end-of-chapter exercises varying in difficulty allow students to put into practice the theory they have covered in each chapter and reinforce new concepts.
Описание: The book examines the basic physical principles of atomic spectroscopy and the absorption and emission of radiation in astrophysical and laboratory plasmas. Each chapter starts with simple physical situations and then considers more complicated models.
Описание: Since the first edition of this highly successful book the field saw many great developments both in experimental and theoretical studies of electrical properties of non-crystalline solids. It became necessary to rewrite nearly the whole book, while the aims of the second edition remained the same: to set out the theoretical concepts, to test them by comparison with experiment for a wide variety of phenomena, and to apply them to non-crystalline materials. Sir Nevill Mott shared the 1977 Nobel Prize for Physics, awarded for his research work in this field. The reissue of this book as part of the Oxford Classic Texts in the Physical Sciences is a reprint of the second edition which was published in 1979.
Автор: Fujimoto Название: Thermodynamics of Crystalline States ISBN: 1441966870 ISBN-13(EAN): 9781441966872 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 10445 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Thermodynamics is an established discipline of physics for properties of matter in thermal equilibrium surroundings. Applying to crystals, however, the laws encounter undefined properties of crystal lattices, which therefore need to be determined for a legitimate description of crystalline states. Intended for readers with prior knowledge of condensed matter physics, this book emphasizes the roles played by order variables and dynamic lattices in crystals for thermodynamics of crystalline states. The crystalline state is generally heterogeneous, where order variables are in collective motion interacting with the lattice at excited levels, as witnessed in transition anomalies in dielectric crystals and from superconducting transitions in metals. The collective motion exhibits finite amplitude due to long-range order, breaking lattice symmetry that leads to a structural change. Such a non-linear process is discussed in the chapter of soliton theory, and related experimental evidences are also listed in this book. This book is divided into three parts for the convenience of readers. In Part I, basic concepts of phonons and order variables are reviewed. Part 2 is devoted to discussions of binary transitions, and in Part 3 we discuss superconducting transitions in simple metals.