Автор: Kiss, Istvan Z Miller, Joel C Simon, Peter L Название: Mathematics of epidemics on networks ISBN: 3319508040 ISBN-13(EAN): 9783319508047 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 8359 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: This textbook provides an exciting new addition to the area of network science featuring a stronger and more methodical link of models to their mathematical origin and explains how these relate to each other with special focus on epidemic spread on networks. The content of the book is at the interface of graph theory, stochastic processes and dynamical systems. The authors set out to make a significant contribution to closing the gap between model development and the supporting mathematics. This is done by:
Summarising and presenting the state-of-the-art in modeling epidemics on networks with results and readily usable models signposted throughout the book;
Presenting different mathematical approaches to formulate exact and solvable models;
Identifying the concrete links between approximate models and their rigorous mathematical representation;
Presenting a model hierarchy and clearly highlighting the links between model assumptions and model complexity;
Providing a reference source for advanced undergraduate students, as well as doctoral students, postdoctoral researchers and academic experts who are engaged in modeling stochastic processes on networks;
Providing software that can solve differential equation models or directly simulate epidemics on networks.
Replete with numerous diagrams, examples, instructive exercises, and online access to simulation algorithms and readily usable code, this book will appeal to a wide spectrum of readers from different backgrounds and academic levels. Appropriate for students with or without a strong background in mathematics, this textbook can form the basis of an advanced undergraduate or graduate course in both mathematics and other departments alike.
Описание: In Europe on Trial , acclaimed historian Istvan Deak explores the history of collaboration, retribution, and resistance during World War II. These three themes are examined through the experiences of people and countries under German occupation, as well as Soviet, Italian, and other military rule. Those under foreign rule faced innumerable moral and ethical dilemmas, including the question of whether to cooperate with their occupiers, try to survive the war without any political involvement, or risk their lives by becoming resisters. Many chose all three, depending on wartime conditions. Following the brutal war, the author discusses the purges of real or alleged war criminals and collabourators, through various acts of violence, deportations, and judicial proceedings at the Nuremberg International Military Tribunal as well as in thousands of local courts. Europe on Trial helps us to understand the many moral consequences both during and immediately following World War II. Foreword by Norman M. Naimark
Автор: Hont, Istvan Название: Jealousy of trade ISBN: 0674055772 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780674055773 Издательство: Harvard University Press Рейтинг: Цена: 5632 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Explores 18th century theories of international market competition. This book connects the commercial politics of nationalism and globalization in the 18th century to theories of commercial society and Enlightenment ideas of the economic limits of politics. It considers British neo-Machiavellian political economy after the Glorious Revolution.
Описание: Scholars normally emphasize the contrast between the two great eighteenth-century thinkers Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Adam Smith. Rousseau is seen as a critic of modernity; Smith as an apologist. However, Istvan Hont finds significant commonalities in their work, arguing that both were theorists of commercial society but from different perspectives.
Автор: Prekopa, Andras Mayer, Janos Strazicky, Beata Deak, Istvan Hoffer, Janos Nemeth, Agoston Potecz, Bela Название: Scheduling of power generation ISBN: 3319078143 ISBN-13(EAN): 9783319078144 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 4179 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Many people know Edward Teller as the "Father of the H-Bomb." To his supporters he was a hero of the Cold War. To his detractors he was evil personified. Between these extremes was the life of the real man. In this definitive and comprehensive biography, a personal acquaintance of Teller's presents a balanced portrait of the multifaceted and enigmatic scientist against the backdrop of a turbulent period of history. Taking pains to avoid bias and preconceptions, thr author critically examines Teller's personality, family background, and the experiences that guided his actions--correcting many of the myths that others and Teller himself promulgated. Drawing for the first time on hitherto unknown archival material from Hungarian, American, and German sources, the author provides fresh insights that help the reader to understand Teller's motivations, his relationships with friends and foes, and his driven personality. In addition to this research and his own memories of Teller, Hargittai has interviewed such prominent figures as Richard Garwin, Freeman Dyson, George A. Keyworth, and Wendy Teller (Edward Teller's daughter), among others. The author reviews the significant facets of Teller's life: his Jewish-Hungarian origins, forced emigrations, brilliance in science, and devotion to the defense of the United States. He discusses Teller's ruthless Machiavellism in achieving his goals, which included his pivotal role in the creation of the hydrogen bomb and the second weapons laboratory at Livermore, as well as his damaging testimony against physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer. Teller's peers viewed this testimony as a betrayal and, in effect, sent him into internal exile, which Hargittai describes as more tormenting to him than his previous emigrations. The author notes that Teller was sometimes called "a monomaniac with many manias," such as his fierce opposition to nuclear test bans during the Cold War and, toward the end of his life, his role as propagandist for the Strategic Defense Initiative. Yet, his very excesses may have in fact contributed to the demise of the Soviet Union. Who was Edward Teller--the real "Dr. Strangelove," the driven crusader for the H-Bomb, the villain who destroyed Oppenheimer, or the devoted husband, loyal friend, patriot, and strongly idealistic scientist? This monumental work will reveal the contradictory nature of this complex man in all his strengths, flaws, and brilliance.
Автор: Bodnar Istvan Название: Simplicius: On Aristotle Physics 8.1-5 ISBN: 1780932103 ISBN-13(EAN): 9781780932101 Издательство: Bloomsbury Рейтинг: Цена: 12474 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: In this commentary on Aristotle Physics book eight, chapters one to five, the sixth-century philosopher Simplicius quotes and explains important fragments of the Presocratic philosophers, provides the fragments of his Christian opponent Philoponus' Against Aristotle On the Eternity of the World, and makes extensive use of the lost commentary of Aristotle's leading defender, Alexander of Aphrodisias. This volume contains an English translation of Simplicius' important commentary, as well as a detailed introduction, explanatory notes and a bibliography.
Описание: What motivates those few scientists who rise above their peers to achieve breakthrough discoveries? This book examines the careers of fifteen eminent scientists who achieved some of the most notable discoveries of the past century, providing an insider's perspective on the history of twentieth century science based on these engaging personality profiles. They include: - Dan Shechtman, the 2011 Nobel laureate and discoverer of quasicrystals; - James D. Watson, the Nobel laureate and codiscoverer of the double helix structure of DNA; - Linus Pauling, the Nobel laureate remembered most for his work on the structure of proteins; - Edward Teller, a giant of the 20th century who accomplished breakthroughs in understanding of nuclear fusion; - George Gamow, a pioneering scientist who devised the initially ridiculed and now accepted Big Bang. In each case, the author has uncovered a singular personality characteristic, motivational factor, or circumstance that, in addition to their extraordinary drive and curiosity, led these scientists to make outstanding contributions. For example, Gertrude B. Elion, who discovered drugs that saved millions of lives, was motivated to find new medications after the deaths of her grandfather and later her fiance. F. Sherwood Rowland, who stumbled upon the environmental harm caused by chlorofluorocarbons, eventually felt a moral imperative to become an environmental activist. Rosalyn Yalow, the codiscoverer of the radioimmunoassay always felt she had to prove herself in the face of prejudice against her as a woman. These and many more fascinating revelations make this a must-read for everyone who wants to know what traits and circumstances contribute to a person's becoming the scientist who makes the big breakthrough.
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