Описание: "Essential reading for anyone interested in the wider roots and antecedents of international syndicalism and anarchism." --David Welch, author of Propaganda, Power and Persuasion: From the First World War to WikiLeaksGoals and Means investigates the relationship between revolutionary syndicalism and anarchism in Spain from the founding of the Confederacion Nacional del Trabajo (CNT) in 1910 to the Second Republic in 1931. Garner explores Spanish anarcho-syndicalism's unique characteristics while placing its development within global events and the wider international syndicalist movement. Anarcho-syndicalism is a hybrid of revolutionary syndicalism in which the anarchist goal--the triumph of the social revolution and the implantation of libertarian socialism--would be achieved by syndicalism's tactical means. Working outside statist and collaborationist political structures did not, however, mean abandoning political strategy. The Federacion Anarquista Iberica (FAI) was formed in 1927 and quickly sought to ensure a role for anarchism within the syndicalist union. The development of anarcho-syndicalism--and the tensions it spawned within the larger socialist movement--has much to teach us today as we chart our own future. TABLE OF CONTENTSIntroduction 1. Revolutionary Syndicalism before 1917 The First International and the Birth of the Anarchist Movement The First International in Spain Division, Wilderness and Violence - Propaganda of the Deed 2. The Early Years of the CNT: Germination The Formation of the CNT The London International Syndicalist Congress, September 1913 Anarchist Internationalism before the First World War The El Ferrol International Congress of Peace, 1915 Working-Class Unity: Revolutionary Syndicalism and ReformistSocialism 3. Revolutionary Politics and Revolutionary Syndicalism Initial Reaction to the Bolshevik Revolution The Delegation to the Second Comintern Congress The Delegation to the Inaugural Profintern Congress Separated by an Ideological and Tactical Chasm 4. An Independent Revolutionary Syndicalist International Revolutionary Syndicalist Internationalism following the LondonCongress, 1913 The Formation of the New IWMA Reaction to the IWMA within the CNT 5. Early Conflicts between Anarchism and Syndicalism Anarchist Reaction to the Rise and Demise of the CNT, 1918-1922 The International Anarchist Congresses of 1921 and 1923 The Madrid National Anarchist Congress, 1923 The Growth in Anarchist Activity in the Unions in 1923 6. Ideological Conflict in the First Years of the Dictatorship The International Dispute between the Catalan CRT and the Argentine FORA Ideological Conflicts in Catalonia Anarchists against the MOA Syndicalist Shortcomings Exposed 7. Exile in France: International Solidarity and National Disunity Libertarian Exiles in France before November 1924 Organising in Exile: The FGALEF and the Cuadros Sindicales International Contacts 8. Anarchist Organisation and Syndicalist Overreaction The Proposed Iberian Syndicalist Confederation The Creation of the Federacion Anarquista Iberica FAI Collaboration in the Reorganisation of the CNT The FAI's International Policy Angel Pestana and the Professionalisation of the CNT Return to Legality - The 1930 Relaunch of the CNT ConclusionEndnotes Index
This is the first English translation of Frank Mintz's seminal study of the economic experiments put into place during the Spanish Revolution to both sustain civil society during the war and, more importantly, act as the material basis for a new society. These plans weren't developed by professional economists but grew out of a political movement that put working people at the fore and believed that the collectivized workplace would be the cornerstone of economic life. Includes a prologue by Chris Ealham, author of Anarchism and the City.
A retired professor of Spanish, Frank Mintz lives in Paris, France, and is active with the CNT labor union.
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