Автор: Fligstein, Neil; McAdam, Doug Название: A Theory of Fields ISBN: 0199859949 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780199859948 Издательство: Oxford Academ Цена: 2081 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ. Описание: Finding ways to understand the nature of social change and social order-from political movements to market meltdowns-is one of the enduring problems of social science. A Theory of Fields draws together far-ranging insights from social movement theory, organizational theory, and economic and political sociology to construct a general theory of social organization and strategic action. In a work of remarkable synthesis, imagination, and analysis, Neil Fligstein and Doug McAdam propose that social change and social order can be understood through what they call strategic action fields. They posit that these fields are the general building blocks of political and economic life, civil society, and the state, and the fundamental form of order in our world today. Similar to Russian dolls, they are nested and connected in a broader environment of almost countless proximate and overlapping fields. Fields are mutually dependent; change in one often triggers change in another. At the core of the theory is an account of how social actors fashion and maintain order in a given field. This sociological theory of action, what they call "social skill," helps explain what individuals do in strategic action fields to gain cooperation or engage in competition. To demonstrate the breadth of the theory, Fligstein and McAdam make its abstract principles concrete through extended case studies of the Civil Rights Movement and the rise and fall of the market for mortgages in the U.S. since the 1960s. The book also provides a "how-to" guide to help others implement the approach and discusses methodological issues. With a bold new approach, A Theory of Fields offers both a rigorous and practically applicable way of thinking through and making sense of social order and change-and how one emerges from the other-in modern, complex societies.
Автор: Dombrowski Eileen Название: Theory of Knowledge ISBN: 0199129738 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780199129737 Издательство: Oxford Academ Рейтинг: Цена: от 4613 р. Наличие на складе: Есть
Описание: Build confident critical thinkers who can process and articulate complex ideas in relevant, real-life contexts. The inquiry-based approach drives independent thought and helps learners explore ideas, questions and perspectives, equipping them with a higher level critical awareness. Developed directly with the IB for the current syllabus.
Автор: Russell, Bertrand Название: Human knowledge ISBN: 0415474442 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780415474443 Издательство: Taylor&Francis Рейтинг: Цена: 1775 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: How do we know what we `know`? How did we - as individuals and as a society - come to accept certain knowledge as fact? This title questions the reliability of our assumptions on knowledge. It investigates the relationship between `individual` and `scientific` knowledge.
Автор: Dretske Название: Knowledge ISBN: 019875261X ISBN-13(EAN): 9780198752615 Издательство: Oxford Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 4579 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Epistemology, or the theory of knowledge, is concerned with how we know what we do and what justifies us in believing whae do. In this anthology, Sven Bernecker and Fred Dretske have collected the most important and influential writings, organized into fifteen subject areas that are key to a broad understanding of contemporary theory of knowledge. A readable introduction to each subject area outlines the problems discussed in the essays that follow. A brief synopsis to each reading clarifies the aims of the author so readers can more effectively focus on analysing the essay.
Автор: Hossack, Keith Название: The Metaphysics of Knowledge ISBN: 0199645957 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780199645954 Издательство: Oxford Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 3330 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: The Metaphysics of Knowledge presents the thesis that knowledge is an absolutely fundamental relation, with an indispensable role to play in metaphysics, philosophical logic, and philosophy of mind and language. Knowledge has been generally assumed to be a propositional attitude like belief. But Keith Hossack argues that knowledge is not a relation to a content; rather, it a relation to a fact. This point of view allows us to explain many of the concepts of philosophical logic in terms of knowledge. Hossack provides a theory of facts as structured combinations of particulars and universals, and presents a theory of content as the property of a mental act that determines its value for getting knowledge. He also defends a theory of representation in which the conceptual structure of a content is taken to picture the fact it represents. This permits definitions to be given of reference, truth, and necessity in terms of knowledge. Turning to the metaphysics of mind and language,
Автор: Dancy Название: Berkeley: Human Knowledge ISBN: 0198751613 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780198751618 Издательство: Oxford Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 2809 р. Наличие на складе: Невозможна поставка.
Описание: The Oxford Philosophical Texts series consists of authoritative teaching editions of canonical texts in the history of philosophy from the ancient world down to modern times. Each volume provides a clear, well laid out text together with a comprehensive introduction by a leading specialist, giving the student deiled critical guidance on the intellectual context of the work and the structure and philosophical importance of the main arguments. Endnotes are supplied which provide further commentary on the arguments and explain unfamiliar references and terminology, and a full bibliography and index are also included.
Описание: The past twenty-five years have seen a major renewal of interest in the topic of a priori knowledge. In the sixteen essays collected here, which span this entire period, philosopher Albert Casullo documents the complex set of issues motivating the renewed interest, identifies the central epistemological questions, and provides the leading ideas of a unified response to them.
Автор: Williams Название: Problemsof Knowledge ISBN: 0192892568 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780192892560 Издательство: Oxford Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 3434 р. Наличие на складе: Невозможна поставка.
Описание: What is epistemology or 'the theory of knowlge'? What is it really about? Why does it matter? What makes theorising about knowledge 'philosophical'? Why do some philosophers argue that epistemology - perhaps even philosophy itself - is dead? In this exciting and original introduction, Michael Williams shows how epistemological theorizing is sensitive to a range of questions about the nature, limits, methods, and value of knowing. He pays special attention to the challenge of philosophical scepticism: does our 'knowledge' rest on brute assumptions? Does the rational outlook undermine itself? Williams explains and criticises all the main contemporary philopsophical perspectives on human knowledge, such as foundationalism, the coherence theory, and 'naturalistic' theories. As an alternative to all of them, he defends his distinctive contextualist approach. While accessible to the undergraduate and general reader, this book contains Williams' own original ideas and is essential reading for all philosophers concerned with the theory of knowledge.
Автор: Moser Название: Theory Of Knowledge ISBN: 0195094662 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780195094664 Издательство: Oxford Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 1664 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: This volume is intended as an accessible introduction to contemporary epistemology - the theory of knowledge. It introduces traditional topics in epistemology within the context of contemporary debates about the definition, sources, and limits of human knowledge. Including relevant examples, it explains the field whilst avoiding technical detail. It relates epistemology to work in cognitive science and defends a plausible version of explationism regarding epistemological method.
Автор: Fantl, Jeremy; McGrath, Matthew Название: Knowledge in an Uncertain World ISBN: 0199694672 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780199694679 Издательство: Oxford Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 2913 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Knowledge in an Uncertain World is an exploration of the relation between knowledge, reasons, and justification. According to the primary argument of the book, you can rely on what you know in action and belief, because what you know can be a reason you have and you can rely on the reasons you have. If knowledge doesn't allow for a chance of error, then this result is unsurprising. But if knowledge does allow for a chance of error - as seems required if we know much of anything at all - this result entails the denial of a received position in epistemology. Because any chance of error, if the stakes are high enough, can make a difference to what can be relied on, two subjects with the same evidence and generally the same strength of epistemic position for a proposition can differ with respect to whether they are in a position to know. In defending these points, Fantl and McGrath investigate the ramifications for debates about epistemological externalism and contextualism, the value
Автор: Aune, Bruce Название: Knowledge of the external world ISBN: 0415047471 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780415047470 Издательство: Taylor&Francis Рейтинг: Цена: 10973 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: This study disagrees that Wittgenstein has made the traditional philosophical problem of knowledge of the external world redundant. After a survey of the classic modern philosophers` views on the subject, the author offers his own original solution.
Автор: Sehon Scott R. Название: Free Will and Action Explanation ISBN: 0198758499 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780198758495 Издательство: Oxford Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 5516 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Do we have free will and moral responsibility? Is free will compatible with determinism? Scott Sehon addresses these key questions by focusing on an underlying issue: the nature of action explanation. He proposes a non-causal account of action and agency, according to which reason explanation of human behavior is teleological rather than causal.
Автор: Evans Ian Название: Knowledge ISBN: 0745650538 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780745650531 Издательство: Wiley Рейтинг: Цена: 1671 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Introductions to the theory of knowledge are plentiful, but none introduce students to the most recent debates that exercise contemporary philosophers. Ian Evans and Nicholas D. Smith aim to change that. Their book guides the reader through the standard theories of knowledge while simultaneously using these as a springboard to introduce current debates. Each chapter concludes with a "Current Trends" section pointing the reader to the best literature dominating current philosophical discussion. These include: the puzzle of reasonable disagreement; the so-called "problem of easy knowledge"; the intellectual virtues; and new theories in the philosophy of language relating to knowledge.
Chapters include discussions of skepticism, the truth condition, belief and acceptance, justification, internalism versus externalism, epistemic evaluation, and epistemic contextualism. Evans and Smith do not merely offer a review of existing theories and debates; they also offer a novel theory that takes seriously the claim that knowledge is not unique to humans. Surveying current scientific literature in animal ethology, they discover surprising sophistication and diversity in non-human cognition. In their final analysis the authors provide a unified account of knowledge that manages to respect and explain this diversity. They argue that animals know when they make appropriate use of the cognitive processes available to animals of that kind, in environments within which those processes are veridically well-adapted.
Knowledge is a lively and accessible volume, ideal for undergraduate and post-graduate students. It is also set to spark debate among scholars for its novel approaches to traditional topics and its thoroughgoing commitment to naturalism.
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