Описание: Before the development of lasers, all available light sources, whether used in laboratories or found in nature, generated light which underwent uncontrollable fluctuations inherent in the emission process. Such fluctuations are detrimental to many applications. This effect is almost completely suppressed in laser radiation, making it possible to use lasers for a variety of applications. The underlying theory of fluctuating optical fields is known as coherence theory. Another manifestation of the fluctuations is the so-called phenomenon of polarization. This book is the first to provide a unified treatment of these two aspects of statistical optics, made possible by very recent discoveries, largely due to the author of this book. This will be of great interest to graduate students and researchers in physics and engineering in optical communications, the propagation of laser beams through fibers and through the turbulent atmosphere, and optical image formation. Each chapter contains problems to aid self-study.
Описание: This text has been written for newcomers to the topic and benefits from the author's ability to explain difficult sequences and effects in a straightforward and easily comprehensible way. The first edition, published 2003, has sold successfully. This new, updated and enlarged edition features new chapters on state-of-the-art topics like quantum optics, quantum information, matter waves, photonic fibres and materials; there will also be more than 100 problems on laser physics and applied optics.
Описание: This book is the first of its kind to devote itself at this level to the key role played by light and electromagnetic radiation in the universe. Readers are introduced
to philosophical hypotheses such as the economy, symmetry, and universality of natural laws, and are then guided to practical consequences such as the rules of geometrical optics
and even Einstein's well-known but mysterious relationship, E = mc2. Most chapters feature a pen picture of the life and character of a relevant scientific figure.These "Historical
Interludes" include, among others, Galileo's conflicts with the Inquisition, Fourier's taunting of the guillotine, Neils Bohr and World War II, and the unique character of Richard
Going one step beyond the popular level, this easy-to-read book gives an overall view to undergraduate and postgraduate physics students that is often missing
when trying to assimilate the technical details of their courses. Through its original treatment of topics and enjoyable style of writing, it will also stimulate keen interest in general readers
who are interested in science and have a basic mathematics background as well as teachers looking for basic and accurate background information.
Автор: George Rieke Название: Detection of Light ISBN: 0521017106 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780521017107 Издательство: Cambridge Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 8052 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Detection of Light provides a comprehensive overview of the important approaches to photon detection from the ultraviolet to the submillimeter spectral regions. This expanded and fully updated second edition discusses recently introduced types of detector such as superconducting tunnel junctions, hot electron bolometer mixers, and fully depleted CCDs, and also includes historically important devices such as photographic plates. Material from many disciplines is combined into a comprehensive and unified treatment of the detection of light, with emphasis on the underlying physical principles. Chapters have been thoroughly reorganised to make the book easier to use, and each includes problems with solutions as appropriate. This self-contained text assumes only an undergraduate level of physics, and develops understanding as it is needed. It is suitable for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, and will provide a valuable reference for professionals in astronomy, engineering and physics.
Описание: The theory of the scattering of light by small particles is very important in a wide range of applications in atmospheric physics and atmospheric optics, ocean optics, remote sensing, astronomy and astrophysics and biological optics. This book summarises current knowledge of the optical properties of single small particles and natural light scattering media such as snow, clouds, foam aerosols etc. The book considers both single and multiple light scattering regimes, together with light scattering and radiative transfer in close-packed media. The third edition incorporates new findings in the area of light scattering media optics in an updated version of the text.
Автор: Ossicini S., Pavesi L., Priolo F. Название: Light Emitting Silicon for Microphotonics ISBN: 3540402330 ISBN-13(EAN): 9783540402336 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 27345 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Light Emitting Silicon for Microphotonics offers fascinating insight the state-of-the-art in silicon microphotonics and what we can expect in the near future. The book presents an overview of the current understanding of obtaining light from silicon. It concentrates on low-dimensional silicon structures, like quantum dots, wires and wells, but also covers alternative approaches like porous silicon and the doping of silicon with rare-earth elements. The emphasis is on the experimental and theoretical achievements concerning the optoelectronic properties of confined silicon structures, especially sillicon-based photonic crystals, obtained during recent years. Also, an in-depth discussion of the route towards a silicon laser is presented.
Описание: Over the last several years, physicists interested in understanding the structure of matter at the fundamental partonic (quark and lepton) level have come to realize that an electron-ion collider can address many of the outstanding questions in hadronic physics. In Summer 2000, a new Long Range Planning Exercise was announced for nuclear physics in the United States, and the proponents of an electron-ion collider came together to make the scientific case for this machine. This workshop summarizes the physics case and machine design for a next generation facility to study the fundamental structure of hadrons.Topics include: Spin and flavor structure of the nucleon, semi-exclusive processes, heavy quarks/target fragmentation, e-A physics, and machine.
Описание: The definition of "photonics" has been broadened in recent years to include nonlinear and quantum optics, today usually based on laser light. This book covers the fundamental properties of photon and light beams, both experimentally and theoretically. It covers the essentials of linear interactions and most of the nonlinear interactions between light and matter in both the transparent and absorbing cases. It also provides a basic knowledge of modern lasers, as well as the principles of nonlinear optical spectroscopy. It is self-consistent and enriched by a large number of calculated illustrations, examples, and descriptive tables. Graduate students in physics and electrical engineering, as well as other sciences, will find this book a thorough introduction to the field, while for lecturers and scientists it offers a rich source of useful information and a ready-to-hand reference. About 4000 references open access to original literature.The second edition is completely revised and enlarged.
Автор: Ralph Baierlein Название: Newton to Einstein: The Trail of Light ISBN: 0521423236 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780521423236 Издательство: Cambridge Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 5981 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: This undergraduate text takes the reader along the trail of light from Newton’s particles to Einstein’s relativity. Like the best detective stories, it presents clues and encourages the reader to draw conclusions before the answers are revealed. The first seven chapters describe how light behaves, develop Newton’s particle theory, introduce waves and an electromagnetic wave theory of light, discover the photon, and culminate in the wave-particle duality. The book then goes on to develop the special theory of relativity, showing how time dilation and length contraction are consequences of the two simple principles on which the theory is founded. An extensive chapter derives the equation E = mc2 clearly from first principles and then explores its consequences and the misconceptions surrounding it. That most famous of issues arising from special relativity - the aging of the twins - is treated simply but compellingly.
Автор: Ulf Leonhardt Название: Measuring the Quantum State of Light ISBN: 0521023521 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780521023528 Издательство: Cambridge Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 4945 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Quantum mechanics sets fundamental limits on the amount of information one can extract from a system with a single set of measurements. Recent results of new theoretical analyses and optical experiments have given rise to a more complete knowledge of the quantum properties of light. This book gives the first detailed description of this fascinating branch of quantum optics. This self-contained book begins with a description of some key results and tools from quantum optics. The author discusses the quantum mechanical description of simple optical instruments before giving a detailed treatment of quantum tomography. The book concludes with a chapter devoted to the problem of the simultaneous measurement of position and momentum. This book will appeal to graduate students and researchers in quantum optics, as well as anyone interested in the foundations of quantum mechanics or more general problems of quantum measurement.
Автор: Kenyon, Ian Название: The Light Fantastic ISBN: 0198566468 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780198566465 Издательство: Oxford Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 3566 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.
Описание: A thorough and self-contained introduction to modern optics, covering in full the three components: ray optics, wave optics and quantum optics. Examples of modern applications in the current century are used extensively. The text covers all that would be needed over a comprehensive course in optics.
Описание: Proceedings of the Light-Activated Tissue Regeneration and Therapy II Conference covers issues such as the latest advances in the field and measurements including the determination of the mechanisms of light-activated tissue regeneration and therapy. Light sources, narrow and broadband, as well as the metrology and medical outcomes they produce, will be discussed.This book discusses the following topics: Laser therapy; Mechanism; Photodynamic therapy; Cardiovascular; Pain; Neuroscience/Progenitor and Stem cells; Wound healing; Unusual Sources; Electrical Fields, Optical Fields and Other fields; Dentistry; Diabetes.This book is the first to present the mechanism which explains why light is an effective treatment for so many illnesses and diseases. Proceedings of the Light-Activated Tissue Regeneration and Therapy II Conference not only explains this mechanism, but also describes uses for the mechanism, as well as what new work is planned and what changes will be seen in FDA regulations.
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