Environmental Politics: A Very Short Introduction, Dobson Andrew
Автор: Krebs John Название: Food: A Very Short Introduction ISBN: 0199661081 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780199661084 Издательство: Oxford Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 555 р. Наличие на складе: Есть
Описание: Drawing on a mixture of science and history, Professor Lord John Krebs looks at the development of food and the four great transitions that affected the way we eat. From issues such as the obesity crisis and sustainable agriculture to food scares and the role of new technologies, Krebs provides a fascinating exploration of the history of human food.
Описание: International organizations do not always live up to the expectations and mandates of their member countries. One of the best examples of this gap is the environmental performance of multilateral development banks, which are tasked with allocating and managing approximately half of all development assistance worldwide. In the 1980s and 1990s, the multilateral development banks came under severe criticism for financing projects that caused extensive deforestation, polluted large urban areas, displaced millions of people, and destroyed valuable natural resources. In response to significant and public failures, member countries established or strengthened administrative procedures, citizen complaint mechanisms, project evaluation, and strategic planning processes. All of these reforms intended to close the gap between the mandates and performance of the multilateral development banks by shaping the way projects are approved. Giving Aid Effectively provides a systematic examination of whether these efforts have succeeded in aligning allocation decisions with performance. Mark T. Buntaine argues that the most important way to give aid effectively is selectivity - moving towards projects with a record of success and away from projects with a record of failure for individual recipient countries. This book shows that under certain circumstances, the control mechanisms established to close the gap between mandate and performance have achieved selectivity. Member countries prompt the multilateral development banks to give aid more effectively when they generate information about the outcomes of past operations and use that information to make less successful projects harder to approve or more successful projects easier to approve. This argument is substantiated with the most extensive analysis of evaluations across four multilateral development banks ever completed, together with in-depth case studies and dozens of interviews. More generally, Giving Aid Effectively demonstrates that member countries have a number of mechanisms that allow them to manage international organizations for results.
Автор: Hillstrom K Название: U.S. Environmental Policy and Politics ISBN: 1604264756 ISBN-13(EAN): 9781604264753 Издательство: Sage Publications Рейтинг: Цена: 18605 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Shows readers the many ways throughout American history in which environmental concerns have intersected with issues of energy production and consumption, government regulation, private property rights, economic growth, and lifestyle choices.
Автор: Waters Название: Introduction to Environmental Management ISBN: 0415534410 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780415534413 Издательство: Taylor&Francis Рейтинг: Цена: 5433 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.
Описание: This endorsed handbook is directly aligned to the NEBOSH Certificate in Environmental Management, with each element of the syllabus explained in detail. Includes sample NEBOSH questions and case studies to aid learning Up to date and aligned with the revised 2012 specification Over 100 images, tables and diagrams, all in full colour Written by an expert in this field of study. Environmental pressures have been increasing on businesses over many years. New legislation has forced companies to look at their impact on the environment through such issues as use of resources, emissions, energy use, transport and waste management. Accidents such as the recent pollution incident by BP in the Gulf of Mexico grab the attention of the media and bring it into the public domain. In addition to its focus on the NEBOSH course, this book covers all of the essential elements managers will need to understand correct environmental health and safety management, including the broad legal framework, risk assessment and pointers to relevant standards. Brian Waters has 15 years’ experience in the water supply industry, and 13 years of experience in senior management roles with the National Rivers Authority and the Environment Agency. He has subsequently worked in training and consultancy, giving him a wealth of experience in this area.
Описание: Although the Kyoto Protocol, an international agreement to address global climate change, has been regarded by many as an unsuccessful treaty both politically and environmentally, it stands as one of the world’s few truly global agreements. Why did such a diverse group of countries decide to sign and/or ratify the treaty? Why did they choose to do so at different times and in different ways? What explains their foreign policy behavior? Amy Below’s book builds off the increasing significance of climate change and uses the Kyoto Protocol as a case study to analyze foreign policy decision making in Latin America. Below’s study takes a regional perspective in order to examine why countries in Latin America made disparate foreign policy choices when they were faced with the same decision. The book looks at the decisions in Argentina, Mexico, and Venezuela via a process-tracing method. Below uses information obtained from primary and secondary documents and elite interviews to help reconstruct the processes, and augments her reconstruction with a content analysis of Conference of the Parties speeches by presidents and country delegates. The book complies with convention in the field by arguing that systemic, national and individual-level factors simultaneously impact foreign policy decisions, but makes the additional claim that role theory most accurately accounts for relationships between variables. Environmental Politics and Foreign Policy Decision Making in Latin America considers a variety of factors on individual, national, and international levels of analysis, and show that the foreign policy decisions are best viewed through the prism of role theory. The book also draws conclusions about the value of role theory in general and about environmental foreign policy decisions in developing countries, which will be of value to both policy-makers and academics.
Conceptual, empirical, and theoretical analyses of the effectiveness of market-based policy instruments in achieving environmental goals.
Economists argue that such market-based policy instruments as environmental taxes and emission trading systems are the best way to target the negative effects of pollution. Yet there is no agreement about whether the use of these instruments is sufficient, whether they are deployed efficiently, and which factors influence their effectiveness. Nor is it clear if such policies have had any significant effect on the urgent matter of climate change mitigation. This volume offers conceptual, empirical, and theoretical analyses of the effectiveness of these policy instruments in achieving environmental goals. Taken together, the chapters not only identify shortcomings of existing policy making, but also point to ways in which more effective policy design can help solve one of the most pressing problems of our time.
The contributors consider such topics as theoretical approaches to address the failure of the free market to protect the environment, the influence of people's trust in their government on their willingness to accept higher environmental taxes, political determinants of fossil fuel pricing, a game theoretic approach to understanding domestic political constraints on international environmental agreements, and intergenerational equity and carbon taxation.
Contributors Elisa Belfiori, Frank J. Convery, Peter Egger, Denny Ellerman, Dominic Hauck, Philipp Hieronymi, Andrea Kollmann, Sonja Koke, Andreas Lange, Antony Millner, Francesco Nicolli, Sergey Nigai, Johannes Reichl, David Schuller, Jon Strand, Cees van Beers, Francesco Vona
Автор: Campbell Название: An Introduction to Environmental Biophysics ISBN: 0387949372 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780387949376 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 5609 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: This book describes the physical microenvironment of living organisms. It presents a simplified discussion of heat and mass transfer models and applies them to
exchange processes between organisms and their surroundings. Emphasis is placed on teaching the student how to calculate actual transfer rates, rather than just studying the
Numerous examples are provided to illustrate many of the principles, and problems are included at the end of each chapter to help the student develop
skills in using the equations and to gain an understanding of modern environmental biophysics. The book is an engineering approach to environmental biology.
Описание: The perfect primer for both the layperson and the engineer, for the new hire and the old hand, describing, in easy-to-understand language, one of the biggest and most lucrative industries in the world. There is only one substance known to mankind that can cause wars, influence global economies, and make entire countries rich: petroleum.
Описание: Presents a description of the basic toxicological concepts and methodologies used in aquatic toxicity testing. This work discusses various factors that affect transport, transformation, ultimate distribution and accumulation of chemicals in the aquatic environment, along with the use of modeling to predict fate.
Автор: Maniates Michael F., Meyer John M. Название: The Environmental Politics of Sacrifice ISBN: 026201436X ISBN-13(EAN): 9780262014366 Издательство: Wiley Рейтинг: Цена: 1044 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.
Описание: An argument that the idea of sacrifice, with all its political baggage, opens new paths to environmental sustainability.
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