The Political Economy of Privatization in Rich Democracies, Obinger Herbert
Автор: Bortolotti, Bernardo;Siniscalco, Domenico Название: The challenges of privatization : ISBN: 0199249342 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780199249343 Издательство: Oxford Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 19433 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: From 1997 to 2001, more than 4,000 privatization operations have been carried out in more than 100 countries, bringing in government revenues of over 1,362 billion dollars. The phenomenon, which grew exponentially at the end of the 1990s and then abruptly slowed down, had dramatic consequences on the performance of state-owned enterprises and a significant impact on industrialized countries, as well as emerging and less developed economies. Yet there have been surprisingly few attempts to provide a systematic empirical account of the privatization process at the worldwide level. Why do governments privatize? Why do some countries accomplish large-scale privatization programmes, and others never privatize at all? Is privatization a trend or a cycle? Furthermore, how do governments privatize? Do governments really transfer ownership and control of state-owned enterprises or does private ownership tend to coexist with public control? This book provides some answers to these important questions trying to test research hypotheses set forth by the recent economic theory of privatization. Comprehensive cross-country empirical analyses carried out over a period of more than twenty years are used in the book to show that privatization has taken place all over the world, sometimes spontaneously, more often under the pressure of economic and budgetary constraints. Several of the goals of the privatization have been met, but despite proclamations and programmes, only a small minority of countries has carried out a genuine privatization process, completely transferring ownership of state-owned enterprises to the private sector. A lack of political will is to some extent at the root of this reluctance. Hever this reluctance can be traced back partly to structural factors that would make an orderly privatization difficult, such as the absence of developed capital markets, appropriate regulation, and suitable institutions.
Автор: Manzetti, Luigi Название: Privatization South American Style ISBN: 0198294662 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780198294665 Издательство: Oxford Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 33443 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: This text focuses on the politics of privatization in Argentina, Brazil and Peru. It examines both the micro- and macroeconomics of achieving privatization, the policy measures introduced, and factors affecting the implementation of privatization.
Описание: The political changes in Eastern Europe and Russia since 1989 have been accompanied by the attempted transfer of labour relations from other market economies. This volume addresses the extent to which transferred labour-relations from Western European institutions are likely to take root.
Автор: Zeng Название: State-Led Privatization in China ISBN: 0415702801 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780415702805 Издательство: Taylor&Francis Рейтинг: Цена: 23595 р. Наличие на складе: Невозможна поставка.
Описание: Large-scale privatization did not emerge spontaneously in China in the late 1990s. Rather, the Chinese state led and carefully “planned” ownership transformation with timetables and measurable privatization quotas, not for the purpose of extracting the state from the economy, but in order to strengthen the rule of the Party. While it is widely believed that authoritarian regimes are better suited than democracies to carry out economic reform, this book provides a more nuanced understanding of reform in China, demonstrating that the Chinese state’s capacity to impose unpopular reform is contingent on its control over local state agents and its adaptability to societal demands. Building on rich fieldwork data gathered in three Chinese cities (Shenyang, Shanghai, and Xiamen), this book offers the first comparative study of China’s privatization processes at the local level. Instead of focusing solely on political elites, Jin Zeng adopts a multi-level interaction approach to examine how the complex interplay of the central leadership, grassroots officials, and state-owned enterprise managers and workers shaped the contour of privatization in China.The book advances three central arguments. First, local economic structure and cadre evaluation system mediated local officials’ incentives to initiate privatization. Second, local officials relied on mobilization campaigns and various appeasement measures to implement privatization. Finally, the dynamics of privatization were fundamentally driven by the central government’s reactions to social opposition and by the subsequent responses of local officials to the changed political-regulatory environment. As a detailed analysis of the dual transformation of the property regime and state–society relations in China, this book will be invaluable to students and scholars of Chinese politics, economic reform, as well as those interested in comparative political economy and economic development more broadly.
Автор: Tan Название: Privatization in Malaysia ISBN: 0415545374 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780415545372 Издательство: Taylor&Francis Рейтинг: Цена: 7077 р. Наличие на складе: Невозможна поставка.
Описание: This book explores privatization in Malaysia, focusing in particular on how political constraints resulted in the failure of four major privatizations: the national sewerage company (IWK), Kuala Lumpur Light Rail Transit (LRT), national airline (MAS), and national car company (Proton).
Описание: On an unprecedented scale, nations at all income levels and across the political spectrum have initiated privatization programs over the past twenty years. In the course of this privatization movement, microeconomic efficiency arguments have become the standard justification for the divestment of public assets. This book presents an alternate view and argues that short-term macroeconomic considerations are often the true motive behind privatization programs. Why Do Government Divest? The Macroeconomics of Privatization is a comprehensive treatment of the macroeconomic issues of privatization. In addition to reviewing topics in economic growth and efficiency, this book explores the fiscal, monetary, balance-of-payments, and employment aspects of privatization. Several diverse case studies illustrate how the pursuit of such short-term political objectives can reduce the benefits of privatization.
Описание: A study of the actors and institutions that shaped decision-making on privatization in the Russian oil industry between 1992 and 2006. The book analyses the origins of privatization as a policy on a macro, industry-wide level, as well as presenting three in-depth case studies of privatization on a company level.
Автор: Nadesan Название: Fukushima and the Privatization of Risk ISBN: 1137343117 ISBN-13(EAN): 9781137343116 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 8909 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Majia Holmer Nadesan analyzes the Fukushima nuclear disaster and its radiological aftermath for the citizens of Japan and elsewhere in the context of historical and contemporary understandings of radiation-caused health and reproductive effects.
Автор: Chari Raj Название: Life After Privatization ISBN: 0199658315 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780199658312 Издательство: Oxford Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 15004 р. Наличие на складе: Невозможна поставка.
Описание: Life After Privatization presents a refreshing analysis of what happened to state-owned enterprises after they were privatized from the late 1970s onwards, and the two types of firms that emerged: `Alpha` and `Beta`, examining the internal and external factors involved.
Описание: This book focuses on the Macquarie Group Ltd. From its modest beginnings in Australia, Macquarie has achieved preeminence as the world's leading non-governmental operator of infrastructure assets. Its infrastructure fund model leases (or buys) staid assets ranging from toll roads to airports, piles on debt and reaps handsome rewards.
Privatization and the Education of Marginalized Children examines the issue of markets in education as they shape educational opportunities for disadvantaged children--for better or worse--in countries around the globe. With chapters written by leading scholars in the field of international education, this book analyzes the important questions of equity and markets, privatization and opportunity, and policies' objectives and outcomes, and it explores the potential, promises, and empirical evidence on the role of market mechanisms. Offering insights from theoretical as well as international-comparative perspectives, this volume will appeal to researchers and students of education-focused public policy, sociology, and international economics. A timely contribution to the field, Privatization and the Education of Marginalized Children aims to engage in public/private debate by addressing the larger societal exclusions and segregation of communities in which these schools exist.
Автор: A. Gupta Название: Beyond Privatization ISBN: 0333791657 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780333791653 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 22274 р. Наличие на складе: Невозможна поставка.
Описание: Beyond Privatization takes the reader on a privatization drive, mapping the developed and developing world; It provides an insight into the theoretical and practical aspects of privatization in the United Kingdom, Eastern Germany, post-communist societies, developing countries and India.
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