Описание: This book is a cross-linguistic exploration of semantic and functional change in modal markers. With a focus on Japanese and to a lesser extent Chinese the book is a countercheck to hypotheses built on the Indo-European languages. It also contains numerous illustrations from other languages.
Автор: Morss John R., Stephenson Niamh, Rappard Hans van Название: Theoretical Issues in Psychology ISBN: 0792373375 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780792373377 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 20899 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: This eighth volume of the proceedings of the biennial conference of the International Society for Theoretical Psychology continues the Society's exploration of issues in the sciences of the mind. Covered topics include narrative studies, language and discourse, perspectives on cultural psychology, identity and subjectivity, critical history and post-modern debates about constructivism vs. realism. In short, the papers included in this volume present a concise summation of the state of theoretical psychology.
Описание: This book explores linguistic and philosophical issues presented by sentences expressing personal taste, such as Roller coasters are fun, and examines how truth-theoretic semantics can account for expressions of this type. It provides a detailed and explicit formal grammar paired with semantic analysis and pragmatic theory.
Автор: Lepore, Ernest; Ludwig, Kirk Название: Donald Davidson`s Truth-Theoretic Semantics ISBN: 0199561680 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780199561681 Издательство: Oxford Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 4773 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: The work of Donald Davidson transformed the study of meaning. Lepore and Ludwig, two of the world's leading authorities on Davidson's work, present the definitive study of his widely admired and influential program of truth-theoretic semantics for natural languages, giving an exposition and critical examination of its foundations and applications.
Описание: This book investigates the morphosyntactic, semantic, and pragmatic properties of language, and the interactions between them, from the perspective of Optimality Theory. It integrates optimization processes into the formal and functional study of grammar, interpreting optimization as the result of conflicting, violable ranked constraints. Unlike previous work on the topic, this book also takes into account the question of directionality of grammar. A model of grammar in which optimization processes interact bidirectionally allows both language generation-the process of selecting the optimal form of a given meaning-and language interpretation-the process of optimal interpretation of a given form-to be taken into account. Chapters in this volume explore the consequences of both symmetric (unidirectional) and asymmetric (bidirectional) versions of Optimality Theory, investigating the syntax-semantics interface, first language acquisition, and sequential bilingual grammars. The volume presents cutting edge research in Optimality-Theoretic syntax and semantics, as well as demonstrating how optimization processes as modelled in this formalism serve as a viable approach for linguists and scholars in related fields.
Описание: An integrated connectionist/symbolic architecture of the mind/brain, applied to neural/genomic realization of grammar; acquisition, processing, and typology in phonology and syntax; and foundations of cognitive explanation.
Автор: A. Stern Название: Quantum Theoretic Machines, ISBN: 0444826181 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780444826183 Издательство: Elsevier Science Рейтинг: Цена: 20900 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: To understand something, consciousness must reach an adequate intellectual level, even more so in order to understand itself. This work aims to explore the remotest areas of the macrocosm and probe the invisible particles of the microcosm, from tiny neutrinos and strange quarks to black holes and the Big Bang.
Описание: This book is a collection of studies applying game-theoretical concepts and ideas to analysing the semantics of natural language and some formal languages. The bulk of the book consists of several papers by Hintikka, Carlson and Saarinen and discusses several of the central problems of the semantics of natural language.The topics covered are the semantics of natural language quantifiers, conditionals, pronouns and anaphora more generally. HintikkaвЂ™s famous essay presenting examples of "branching quantifier structures" in English, as well as one formulating his "any-every thesis", are included. The book also includes HintikkaвЂ™s closely argued philosophical discussion of the relationships between the new semantical games with the language games of Wittgenstein. Other papers apply the game-theoretical approach to formal languages including tense logics and tense anaphora (Saarinen), deontic logic and RossвЂ™ paradox (Hintikka), and usual predicate logic (Rantala). The latter amounts to an explication of the "impossible possible" worlds as is shown in HintikkaвЂ™s concluding paper.
Автор: Esa. Saarinen Название: Game-Theoretical Semantics ISBN: 9027709181 ISBN-13(EAN): 9789027709189 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 20376 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: This book is a collection of studies applying game-theoretical concepts and ideas to analysing the semantics of natural language and some formal languages.
Interdisciplinary approaches to identifying, understanding, and remediating people's reliance on inaccurate information that they should know to be wrong.
Our lives revolve around the acquisition of information. Sometimes the information we acquire -- from other people, from books, or from the media -- is wrong. Studies show that people rely on such misinformation, sometimes even when they are aware that the information is inaccurate or invalid. And yet investigations of learning and knowledge acquisition largely ignore encounters with this sort of problematic material. This volume fills the gap, offering theoretical and empirical perspectives on the processing of misinformation and its consequences.
The contributors, from cognitive science and education science, provide analyses that represent a variety of methodologies, theoretical orientations, and fields of expertise. The chapters describe the behavioral consequences of relying on misinformation and outline possible remediations; discuss the cognitive activities that underlie encounters with inaccuracies, investigating why reliance occurs so readily; present theoretical and philosophical considerations of the nature of inaccuracies; and offer formal, empirically driven frameworks that detail when and how inaccuracies will lead to comprehension difficulties.
Contributors Peter Afflerbach, Patricia A. Alexander, Jessica J. Andrews, Peter Baggetta, Jason L. G. Braasch, Ivar Braten, M. Anne Britt, Rainer Bromme, Luke A. Buckland, Clark A. Chinn, Byeong-Young Cho, Sidney K. D'Mello, Andrea A. diSessa, Ullrich K. H. Ecker, Arthur C. Graesser, Douglas J. Hacker, Brenda Hannon, Xiangen Hu, Maj-Britt Isberner, Koto Ishiwa, Matthew E. Jacovina, Panayiota Kendeou, Jong-Yun Kim, Stephan Lewandowsky, Elizabeth J. Marsh, Ruth Mayo, Keith K. Millis, Edward J. O'Brien, Herre van Oostendorp, Jose Otero, David N. Rapp, Tobias Richter, Ronald W. Rinehart, Yaacov Schul, Colleen M. Seifert, Marc Stadtler, Brent Steffens, Helge I. Stromso, Briony Swire, Sharda Umanath
Автор: LaPorte, Joseph Название: Rigid Designation and Theoretical Identities ISBN: 0199609209 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780199609208 Издательство: Oxford Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 7938 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Joseph LaPorte offers an original account of the connections between the reference of words for properties and kinds, and theoretical identity statements. He argues that terms for properties, as well as for concrete objects, are rigid designators, and defends the Kripkean tradition of theoretical identities.
Описание: Published research and conference presentations on the Chinese language in the last decade have tended to focus on adult language processing. This book provides a comprehensive resource for the critical discussion of major issues in learning to read Chinese from a child acquisition perspective. The combined contributions from researchers in Asian studies, linguistics, psycholinguistics, psychology, cognitive psychology, reading, and education inform international comparative studies of literacy by making apparent the features of the Chinese culture, language, writing system, and pedagogy that may facilitate or impede the acquisition of literacy.
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