Solar and Stellar Flares, Lyndsay Fletcher; Petr Heinzel
Автор: Tassoul Jean Louis, Tassoul Monique Название: A Concise History of Solar and Stellar Physics ISBN: 0691165920 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780691165929 Издательство: Wiley Рейтинг: Цена: 2772 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
This book provides a comprehensive overview of the history of ideas about the sun and the stars, from antiquity to modern times. Two theoretical astrophysicists who have been active in the field since the early 1960s tell the story in fluent prose. About half of the book covers most of the theoretical research done from 1940 to the close of the twentieth century, a large body of work that has to date been little explored by historians.
The first chapter, which outlines the period from about 3000 B.C. to 1700 A.D., shows that at every stage in history human beings have had a particular understanding of the sun and stars, and that this has continually evolved over the centuries. Next the authors systematically address the immense mass of observations astronomy accumulated from the early seventeenth century to the early twentieth. The remaining four chapters examine the history of the field from the physicists perspective, the emphasis being on theoretical work from the mid-1840s to the late 1990s--from thermodynamics to quantum mechanics, from nuclear physics and magnetohydrodynamics to the remarkable advances through to the late 1960s, and finally, to more recent theoretical work. Intended mainly for students and teachers of astronomy, this book will also be a useful reference for practicing astronomers and scientifically curious general readers.
Описание: Recent advances in observations and modelling of solar and stellar flares have opened up new perspectives for understanding the fundamental physical mechanisms of magnetic energy storage and release, particle acceleration, and their radiative and dynamical processes. New interest in this topic is stimulated by Kepler observations and the discovery of superflares on solar-type stars, which raises questions about the possibility of such flares on the Sun, and the potential effects of superflares on terrestrial and extraterrestrial planets, including their impact on the origin and evolution of life. IAU Symposium 320 discusses the recent advances in observations and theories of solar and stellar flares, focusing on the understanding of their phenomenological and physical aspects, as well as consequences for terrestrial planets and exoplanets. This volume will be useful to researchers of all levels working in this fascinating and rapidly developing field of astronomy.
This book provides an in-depth and self-contained treatment of the latest advances achieved in quantitative spectroscopic analyses of the observable outer layers of stars and similar objects. Written by two leading researchers in the field, it presents a comprehensive account of both the physical foundations and numerical methods of such analyses. The book is ideal for astronomers who want to acquire deeper insight into the physical foundations of the theory of stellar atmospheres, or who want to learn about modern computational techniques for treating radiative transfer in non-equilibrium situations. It can also serve as a rigorous yet accessible introduction to the discipline for graduate students.Provides a comprehensive, up-to-date account of the fieldCovers computational methods as well as the underlying physicsServes as an ideal reference book for researchers and a rigorous yet accessible textbook for graduate studentsAn online illustration package is available to professors at press.princeton.edu
Описание: This book presents a synthesis of what we learned about particle acceleration and kinematics from recent solar flare observations with the Yohkoh, SoHO, TRACE, CGRO spacecraft and radio instruments over the last decade. It deals with the topology of magnetic reconnection regions, discusses the geometry, small-scale dynamics, and electromagnetic fields of acceleration region in solar flares, provides a systematic description of the relativistic kinematics of particle acceleration, propagation, time-of-flight measurements, particle trapping, precipitation, and the resulting emissions in gamma rays, hard X-rays, and radio wavelengths. It is the first monograph on these solar flare topics, written for the level of graduate students and researchers in the field of solar physics, astrophysics, and magnetospheric physics.
Автор: Tandberg-Hanssen Название: The Physics of Solar Flares ISBN: 0521115523 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780521115520 Издательство: Cambridge Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 5866 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: The authors explore solar flares by applying physics and theoretical investigations.
Автор: Peter R. Wilson Название: Solar and Stellar Activity Cycles ISBN: 0521548217 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780521548212 Издательство: Cambridge Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 5061 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: How do you predict the parameters of future solar cycles? What is the role of dynamo theory in the cyclic activity of the Sun and similar stars? And what are the implications of chaos theory for stellar cycles? This book answers these questions and offers a timely review of studies in the cyclic activity of the Sun and other stars. This authoritative reference shows the importance of reliable predictions of the parameters of future solar cycles, and carefully explains the methods currently used to determine these (with special reference to the maximum of cycle 22). Some of the latest research into solar cycles is clearly presented; this includes helioseismology, observations of the extended activity cycle and the polar fields reversal, and contributions from dynamo theory and chaos theory. For graduate students and researchers, this monograph provides a much-needed synthesis of our understanding of activity cycles in the Sun and other stars.
Описание: This thoroughly revised textbook is a basic introduction to plasma phenomena in solar and stellar coronae emphasizing non-MHD aspects. The natural way in which the author unifies observations and theory gives a wide perspective to the subject. An important feature is the lucidly written presentation of the fundamentals of plasma physics. The basic theory thus developed is then extended to some exemplary and important observations of coronal dynamics, such as coronal currents, particle acceleration, propagation of particle beams, and shocks. The book has grown from teaching introductory courses on plasma astrophysics at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH). It addresses advanced undergraduates and first-year graduate students without a background in plasma physics. It will also be of interest to more senior research workers involved in coronal physics of the Sun and other stars, solar/stellar winds, and various other fields of plasma astrophysics.
Автор: Schrijver Название: Solar and Stellar Magnetic Activity ISBN: 0521739861 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780521739863 Издательство: Cambridge Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 4945 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: The first comprehensive review and synthesis of current understanding of magnetic fields in the Sun and similar stars.
Автор: Kosovichev Название: Solar and Stellar Variability (IAU S264) ISBN: 0521764920 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780521764926 Издательство: Cambridge Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 8283 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Understanding the physical mechanisms of solar variability and its effect on Earth and the planets is a central and long-standing problem of astronomy and astrophysics. Variability of a similar nature has been observed in other stars, and investigating their similarities and differences is essential to helping us understand the underlying mechanisms and their impacts on planets. During the past decade multi-wavelength data from several solar and stellar space missions, together with ground-based observations, have provided tremendous amounts of new information about the physical processes on the Sun and solar-type stars. Solar observations have revealed interesting connections between the cyclic variations of the structure, interior dynamics, surface magnetism and coronal phenomena, but it is still unclear where and how magnetic fields are generated in the Sun, and why it has a regular 22-year magnetic cycle. IAU Symposium 264 discusses key observational results, new theoretical ideas and models which address these subjects.
Описание: This well-illustrated monograph is devoted to classic fundamentals, current practice, and perspectives of modern plasma astrophysics. The first part of the book is unique in covering all the basic principles and practical tools required for understanding and work in plasma astrophysics. The second part represents the physics of magnetic reconnection and flares of electromagnetic origin in space plasmas in the solar system, single and double stars, relativistic objects, accretion disks, their coronae. The level of the book is designed mainly for professional researchers in astrophysics. The book will also be interesting and useful to graduate students in space sciences, geophysics, as well as to advanced students in applied physics and mathematics seeking a unified view of plasma physics and fluid mechanics.
Автор: Edited by Walter Lewin Название: Compact Stellar X-ray Sources ISBN: 0521826594 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780521826594 Издательство: Cambridge Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 18981 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: X-ray astronomy is the prime available window on astrophysical compact objects: black holes, neutron stars and white dwarfs. In the ten years preceding this book’s publication in 2006, new observational opportunities have led to an explosion of knowledge in this field. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the astrophysics of compact objects that emit X-rays. Sixteen chapters written by the foremost experts in the field cover the observations and the astrophysical interpretation of these objects. Topics covered include binary systems, gamma ray burst sources, anomalous X-ray pulsars, super-soft sources, and enigmatic fast X-ray transients. Further chapters are dedicated to isolated neutron stars and the X-ray source populations of globular clusters. The properties of X-ray binaries are discussed in depth in chapters on quasi-periodic oscillations and related aperiodic X-ray variability, X-ray bursts, black holes, and relativistic jets. This is a valuable reference for both graduate students and active researchers.
Автор: Michel Cass? Название: Stellar Alchemy ISBN: 0521821827 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780521821827 Издательство: Cambridge Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 5291 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Why do the stars shine? What messages can we read in the light they send to us from the depths of the night? Nuclear astrophysics is a fascinating discipline, and enables connections to be made between atoms, stars, and human beings. Through modern astronomy, scientists have managed to unravel the full history of the chemical elements, and understand how they originated and evolved into all the elements that compose our surroundings today. The transformation of metals into gold, something once dreamed of by alchemists, is a process commonly occurring in the cores of massive stars. But the most exciting revelation is the intimate connection that humanity itself has with the debris of exploded stars. This engaging account of nucleosynthesis in stars, and the associated chemical evolution of the Universe, is suitable for the general reader.
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