Material Parameter Identification and Inverse Problems in Soft Tissue Biomechanics, Avril
Автор: Bilston Название: Neural Tissue Biomechanics ISBN: 3642138896 ISBN-13(EAN): 9783642138898 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 14854 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Damage to the central nervous system resulting from pathological mechanical loading can occur as a result of trauma or disease. Such injuries lead to significant disability and mortality. The peripheral nervous system, while also subject to injury from trauma and disease, also transduces physiological loading to give rise to sensation, and mechanotransduction is also thought to play a role in neural development and growth. This book gives a complete and quantitative description of the fundamental mechanical properties of neural tissues, and their responses to both physiological and pathological loading. This book reviews the methods used to characterize the nonlinear viscoelastic properties of central and peripheral neural tissues, and the mathematical and sophisticated computational models used to describe this behaviour. Mechanisms and models of neural injury from both trauma and disease are reviewed from the molecular to macroscopic scale. The book provides a comprehensive picture of the mechanical and biological response of neural tissues to the full spectrum of mechanical loading to which they are exposed. This book provides a comprehensive reference for professionals involved in pre prevention of injury to the nervous system, whether this arises from trauma or disease.
Описание: The book addresses fundamental issues faced by experimentalists, modelers and engineers interested in different physical, mechanical and transport aspects of biological tissues and chemically active geological materials, mainly clays and shales. The focus is on the couplings between electro-chemical and mechanical aspects involved in swelling and chemical consolidation. Emphasis is laid on the influence of these phenomena on mechanical properties and on transport properties.Applications in geo-environmental and geotechnical technologies, including nuclear and hazardous waste isolation, oil recovery, engineering geology, are addressed directly or implied. Control of long term effects of surgery and mechanical performance of prostheses may benefit from the modeling of irreversibilities that are of utmost importance in geological materials. Conversely, understanding the self-regulation mechanisms of biological tissues may be helpful in the design of efficient engineering materials.
Описание: Piezoelectric materials are attracting significant research efforts and resources worldwide. The major thrust areas include structural health monitoring, bio-mechanics, bio-medicine and energy harvesting.
Описание: This volume presents a comprehensive introduction into rigorous geometrical dynamics of complex systems of various natures. By "complex systems", in this book are meant high-dimensional nonlinear systems, which can be (but not necessarily are) adaptive. This monograph proposes a unified geometrical approach to dynamics of complex systems of various kinds: engineering, physical, biophysical, psychophysical, sociophysical, econophysical, etc. As their names suggest, all these multi-input multi-output (MIMO) systems have something in common: the underlying physics. Using sophisticated machinery composed of differential geometry, topology and path integrals, this book proposes a unified approach to complex dynamics вЂ“ of predictive power much greater than the currently popular "soft-science" approach to complex systems. The main objective of this book is to show that high-dimensional nonlinear systems in "real life" can be modeled and analyzed using rigorous mathematics, which enables their complete predictability and controllability, as if they were linear systems.The book has two chapters and an appendix. The first chapter develops the geometrical machinery in both an intuitive and rigorous manner. The second chapter applies this geometrical machinery to a number of examples of complex systems, including mechanical, physical, control, biomechanical, robotic, neurodynamical and psycho-social-economical systems. The appendix gives all the necessary background for comprehensive reading of this book.
Автор: Knudson Название: Fundamentals of Biomechanics ISBN: 0387493115 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780387493114 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 7569 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Fundamentals of Biomechanics, 2nd edition, presents a clear, conceptual approach to understanding biomechanics within the context of the qualitative analysis of human movement. The philosophy is to blend up-to-date biomechanical knowledge (with extensive referencing for student study) with professional application knowledge. This true application of biomechanics in real-world settings is missing in previous biomechanics texts.The text provides real-world examples of the application of biomechanics several ways. Like other texts, human movement examples and problems are discussed to help teach biomechanical variables and concepts. This text, however, goes beyond this physics class with sport example approach. First, nine principles of biomechanics are developed throughout the book to link theoretical knowledge with practical/professional principles and application. These nine generic application principles are based on the laws and concepts of biomechanics, so they can be applied to all human movements. There principles help PETE majors address standard 2 on applying movement concepts and principles in physical education (NASPE, 1995). Most biomechanics texts that have tried to develop principles for application have created many specific observations about many categories of human movement, so students tend to get lost. Second, the last section of the book develops the application of biomechanics in qualitative analysis of several movements in four professional areas: physical education, coaching, strength & conditioning, and sports medicine. These guided tours of the application of biomechanics to solve human movement problems are similar to the extensive interdisciplinary qualitative analysis tutorials in Knudson & Morrison (2002).
Автор: Shrawan Kumar Название: Biomechanics in Ergonomics, Second Edition ISBN: 0849379083 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780849379086 Издательство: Taylor&Francis Рейтинг: Цена: 7732 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Presents material regarding the biomechanics of tissues and organs in the workplace. This book describes biomechanical risk factors and supplies exposure assessment tools and techniques. It is suitable for use by ergonomic engineers and physical therapists, and as a textbook for ergonomics courses.
Описание: The book is written by leading experts in the field presenting an up-to-date view of the subject matter in a didactically sound manner. It presents a review of the current knowledge of the behaviour of soft tissues in the cardiovascular system under mechanical loads, and the importance of constitutive laws in understanding the underlying mechanics is highlighted. Cells are also described together with arteries, tendons and ligaments, heart, and other biological tissues of current research interest in biomechanics. This includes experimental, continuum mechanical and computational perspectives, with the emphasis on nonlinear behaviour, and the simulation of mechanical procedures such as balloon angioplasty.
Автор: Lynne E. Bilston Название: Neural Tissue Biomechanics ISBN: 3642270050 ISBN-13(EAN): 9783642270055 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 13106 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Neural Tissue Biomechanics reviews the methods used to characterize nonlinear viscoelastic properties of central and peripheral neural tissues. Readers will find a comprehensive picture of the mechanical and biological response of neural tissues, including the full spectrum of mechanical loading.
Описание: Contains the edited papers of the IUTAM Symposium on the Biomechanics of Impact, which was held in University College Dublin, Ireland in July 2005. These papers can be grouped into those that are concerned with the different causes of accidents, and the mechanics involved in accident analysis. This work is useful for researchers.
Описание: On XXI Winter Universiads 2003, CISM offered its scientific contribution by hosting a conference on mechanics applied to sports and, in general, to human movement. The conference was conceived as a chance to overview experiences gained from several operators working on different aspects of biomechanics. The reader will face in these proceedings bioengineering aspects, control issues, techniques for the optimization of human performances as well as methods for the improvement of athletic equipments and devices. Biomechanical data and signal processing, biomaterials and robotics complete the proposed framework. Some works were consistent with the fact that 2003 was designated as European Year of Disabled People. Indeed, many innovations in sport and biomechanics could suggest interesting rehabilitative applications and a better prevention of some pathologies due to the exercise of some normal activities like professional cycling. ЕЅ
Описание: Designed to meet the needs of undergraduate students, Introduction to Biomechanics takes the fresh approach of combining the viewpoints of both a well-respected teacher and a successful student. With an eye toward practicality without loss of depth of instruction, this book seeks to explain the fundamental concepts of biomechanics. With the accompanying web site providing models, sample problems, review questions and more, Introduction to Biomechanics provides students with the full range of instructional material for this complex and dynamic field.
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