Subsurface Hydrology - Data Integration for Properties and Processes, David W. Hyndman
Автор: Abdel Razik Ahmed Zidan, Mohammed Ahmed Abdel Hady Название: Constructed Subsurface Wetlands: Case Study and Modeling ISBN: 1771884630 ISBN-13(EAN): 9781771884631 Издательство: Taylor&Francis Рейтинг: Цена: 19058 р. Наличие на складе: Есть (1 шт.) Описание: With a sharp focus on environmental pollution and its impact on life and nature, scientists and engineers have studied the water treatment effect of natural wetlands for many years, resulting in the development of constructed wetlands (CWs) for treating wastewater. This informative new book provides current information and guidance on the construction, performance, operation, and maintenance of subsurface flow constructed wetlands of domestic and municipal wastewater. The focus of the volume is to evaluate the performance of horizontal subsurface flow constructed wetlands in treating domestic wastewater to establish the limit that can be safely discharged to agricultural drains. Two-step procedures were used for the preparation of this book. Using modeling and statistical analyses of treated water samples showed a significant difference between different media for the treatment of most pollutants. The authors went on to design artificial neural network models (ANNs) using Matlab software to simulate some of the experimental data and to anticipate the parameters of output concentration. The wetland systems have the ability to deal with various pollutants with different concentrations and to decrease the treated water to the standard limits. This volume presents the main role of emergent plants for treatment performance in the constructed wetlands and will be a very important resource for engineers in this field as well as for both undergraduate and graduate students.
Автор: Brooks Kenneth N, Southard Randal J, Ffolliott F P Название: Hydrology and the Management of Watersheds ISBN: 0813829852 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780813829852 Издательство: Wiley Рейтинг: Цена: 12705 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.
Автор: Haan Charles T, Westgate Mark, Collins Michael, Название: Statistical Methods in Hydrology ISBN: 0813815037 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780813815039 Издательство: Wiley Цена: 11798 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Initially, the role of snow and ice in the global water balance is assessed and methods of snow measurements are explained. Remote sensing is dealt with with regard to periodical snow cover mapping. Last advances and refinements refer to spatial resolution, cloud interference and separate monitoring of snow and glacier ice. Following a review of snow melt and runoff modelling, the Snowmelt Runoff Model (SRM) demonstrates the merits of remote sensing in snow hydrology by using the satellite data as a direct input variable. Applications in over 100 mountain basins around the world are documented, with surface areas ranging from 0.3 km2 to 900.000 km2. Based on runoff modelling, runoff forecasts are dealt with including seasonal and short term forecasts as well as computation of hydrographs from forecasted temperatures and precipitation. The climate change is becoming a major concern of our times. The effect of various climate scenarios on the seasonal snow cover and runoff is evaluated by the updated computer program which also enable the real-time runoff forecasts to be improved. As a final note, a method is outlined to predict the decline of glaciers in the warming climate.
Описание: The book addresses the development of the basic knowledge of the subsurface solute transfer with a particular emphasis on field data collection and analysis coupled with modeling (analytical and numerical) tool application. The relevant theoretical developments are concerned mainly with the formulation and solution of deterministic mass-transport equations for a wide range of engineering issues in groundwater quality assessment and forecasting.The book gives many computational examples and case studies drawn from the conducted field investigations. The analyzed problems are as follows:investigation and prediction of groundwater contamination by industrial contaminants and solutions (radionuclides, chloride and nitrate brine) with special focus on the effect of (a) aquifer heterogeneity, anisotropy, and dual porosity, (b) density contrast existing between industrial waste and groundwater, or in density-stratified artesian and coastal groundwater systems; (c) physicochemical interactions that play a major role in retarding (e.g. adsorption) or enhancing (e.g. interactions between dissolved species and mobile colloids) contaminant transport;prediction of the effects of pumping on groundwater quality at wellfields;groundwater dating using stable and radioactive isotopes for prediction and assessment of contamination potential;field and laboratory tests’ design and analysis, and monitoring data interpretation;partitioning of surface and subsurface flows using isotope techniques.One of the most essential topics addressed in the book is the migration and fate of radionuclides. Model development is motivated by field data analysis from a number of radioactively contaminated sites in the Russian Federation: near-surface radioactive waste disposal sites and deep-well radioactive waste injection sites. They play a unique role in the advancement of knowledge of the subsurface behavior and fate of many hazardous radionuclides and can be considered as field-scale laboratories.Thus, the book, along with theoretical findings, contains field information, which will facilitate the understanding of subsurface solute transport and the development of a methodology for practical applications to groundwater hydrology.
Автор: Liu Название: Fluid Flow in the Subsurface ISBN: 3319434489 ISBN-13(EAN): 9783319434483 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 17819 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: This book presents a systematic attempt to generalize several fundamental physical laws related to subsurface fluid flow that are important for a number of contemporary applications in the areas of hydrogeology, reservoir engineering and rock mechanics. It also covers the history of discovering these physical laws, their respective scope of validity, and their generalizations or extensions. The physical laws discussed include Darcy’s law, Darcy-Buckingham law and Hooke’s law. Darcy’s law is the fundamental law for subsurface fluid flow. For low-permeability media, it is not always adequate because of the strong fluid–solid interaction. Though the Darcy-Buckingham law is often used for modeling subsurface multiphase flow, it is only valid under the local equilibrium condition. This condition does not hold in many cases, especially when fingering flow occurs. It is well known that subsurface fluid flow is coupled with mechanical deformation of subsurface media; in some applications, this coupling can play a dominant role. The continuum-scale elastic deformation of natural rock, however, does not always follow the traditional form of Hooke’s law.The book also presents applications of the proposed generalizations of the physical laws to several important engineering projects.
Автор: Hubbs Stephen A. Название: Riverbank Filtration Hydrology ISBN: 1402039379 ISBN-13(EAN): 9781402039379 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 28214 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Riverbank Filtration (RBF) is a popular source of high quality water for public water supply. This book provides guidance in the design and operation of RBF facilities. Providing data and case histories from dozens of installations, it covers topics such as surface stream hydrology, particle clogging, and biological/geochemical processes.
Автор: Hubbs Stephen A. Название: Riverbank Filtration Hydrology ISBN: 1402039360 ISBN-13(EAN): 9781402039362 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 47372 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Riverbank Filtration (RBF) has proven effective in many hydrogeological settings worldwide. This text provides guidance in the design and operation of RBF facilities. It provides the necessary tools to evaluate potential RBF sites, and is useful if you are considering RBF as a source of water supply.
Автор: Singh P. Название: Snow and Glacier Hydrology ISBN: 0792367677 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780792367673 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 41633 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: This book provides an updated discussion of some aspects of snow and glacier hydrology, drawing on the results of investigations in recent years in Arctic, Antarctic, Himalayas, Alps, Rocky Mountains, and other mountains of the world. This book is not meant to be an encyclopaedia in its treatment of snow and glaciers. Nevertheless, it is hoped that the book can serve as a source of reference at the senior undergraduate or beginning graduate level and that it will stimulate further interest and research in this important part of the hydrologic cycle. Audience: The book should be useful to those who are engaged in the practice of agricultural and civil engineering, earth sciences, environmental sciences and engineering, ecosystem management, forest and watershed sciences, and others.
Автор: Shahin M. Название: Hydrology and Water Resources of Africa ISBN: 140200866X ISBN-13(EAN): 9781402008665 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 30530 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: This book provides a unique coverage of the hydrology and water resources of Africa, including the neighbouring islands. The contents are covered in fourteen chapters. The volume contains a CD-ROM with raw meteorological, hydrometric and water quality data. Emphasis is laid on the components of the hydrological cycle; precipitation, evaporation and runoff of both land and insular Africa. The hydrologic characteristics of sixteen rivers and wadi basins of different sizes are presented and discussed. In addition, hydrology of lakes, and other wetlands and storage reservoirs are presented. Furthermore, the principal groundwater aquifers are reviewed.Last, but not least, the role of water resources in the overall development of Africa is highlighted.Audience: This volume should appeal to researchers and professionals working in the fields of civil and agricultural engineering, physical geography, African studies, and those interested in surface and groundwater resources in Africa.
Автор: Younger Paul L., Banwart S.A., Hedin R.S. Название: Mine Water / Hydrology, Pollution, Remediation ISBN: 140200138X ISBN-13(EAN): 9781402001383 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 15264 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Nowhere is the conflict between economic progress and environmental quality more apparent than in the mineral extraction industries. The latter half of the 20th century saw major advances in the reclamation technologies. However, mine water pollution problems have not been addressed. In many cases, polluted mine water long outlives the life of the mining operation. As the true cost of long-term water treatment responsibilities has become apparent, interest has grown in the technologies that would decrease the production of contaminated water and make its treatment less costly. This is the first book to address the mine water issue head-on. The authors explain the complexities of mine water pollution by reviewing the hydrogeological context of its formation, and provide an up-to-date presentation of prevention and treatment technologies. The book will be a valuable reference for all professionals who encounter polluted mine water on a regular or occasional basis.
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