Studies challenging the idea that technology and science flow only from global North to South.
The essays in this volume study the creation, adaptation, and use of science and technology in Latin America. They challenge the view that scientific ideas and technology travel unchanged from the global North to the global South -- the view of technology as "imported magic." They describe not only alternate pathways for innovation, invention, and discovery but also how ideas and technologies circulate in Latin American contexts and transnationally. The contributors' explorations of these issues, and their examination of specific Latin American experiences with science and technology, offer a broader, more nuanced understanding of how science, technology, politics, and power interact in the past and present.
The essays in this book use methods from history and the social sciences to investigate forms of local creation and use of technologies; the circulation of ideas, people, and artifacts in local and global networks; and hybrid technologies and forms of knowledge production. They address such topics as the work of female forensic geneticists in Colombia; the pioneering Argentinean use of fingerprinting technology in the late nineteenth century; the design, use, and meaning of the XO Laptops created and distributed by the One Laptop per Child Program; and the development of nuclear energy in Argentina, Mexico, and Chile.
Contributors Pedro Ignacio Alonso, Morgan G. Ames, Javiera Barandiaran, Joao Biehl, Anita Say Chan, Amy Cox Hall, Henrique Cukierman, Ana Delgado, Rafael Dias, Adriana Diaz del Castillo H., Mariano Fressoli, Jonathan Hagood, Christina Holmes, Matthieu Hubert, Noela Invernizzi, Michael Lemon, Ivan da Costa Marques, Gisela Mateos, Eden Medina, Maria Fernanda Olarte Sierra, Hugo Palmarola, Tania Perez-Bustos, Julia Rodriguez, Israel Rodriguez-Giralt, Edna Suarez Diaz, Hernan Thomas, Manuel Tironi, Dominique Vinck
Автор: Rinke Название: Latin America and the First World War ISBN: 1107127203 ISBN-13(EAN): 9781107127203 Издательство: Cambridge Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 7821 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Using a broad variety of textual and visual sources, Latin America and the First World War goes beyond traditional diplomatic history and analyzes the global dimension of the history of the Great War. Filling a significant gap in transnational histories of the war, Stefan Rinke addresses political, social, and economic aspects as well as the cultural impact of the war on Latin America and vice versa. Rinke's meticulous research is based on sources from the nineteen independent states of the entire subcontinent and promises to be the most comprehensive examination to date of Latin America before, during, and immediately after the war.
Описание: This study, now in a revised and updated third edition, covers the economic history of Latin America from independence in the 1820s to the present. It stresses the differences between Latin American countries while recognizing the external influences to which the whole region has been subject. Victor Bulmer-Thomas notes the failure of the region to close the gap in living standards between it and the United States and explores the reasons. He also examines the new paradigm taking shape in Latin America since the debt crisis of the 1980s and asks whether this new economic model will be able to bring the growth and improvement in equity that the region desperately needs. This third edition contains a wealth of new material that draws on the new research in the area in the past ten years.
Описание: Latin America is home to emerging global powers such as Brazil and Mexico and has important links to other titans including China, India, and Africa. This book examines a range of historical events and cultural forms in Latin America that continue to influence peoples` lives far outside the region.
Описание: Anglo-American relations were transformed during the First World War. Britain was already in long-term economic decline relative to the United States, but this decline was accelerated by the war, which was militarily a victory for Britain, but economically a catastrophe. This book sets out the economic, and in particular, the financial relations between the two powers during the war, setting it in the context of the more familiar political and diplomatic relationship. Particular attention is paid to the British war missions sent out to the USA, which were the agents for much of the financial and economic negotiation, and which are rescued here from underserved historical obscurity.
Описание: With the end of the global Cold War, the struggle for human rights has emerged as one of the most controversial forces of change in Latin America. Many observers seek the foundations of that movement in notions of rights and models of democratic institutions that originated in the global North. Challenging that view, this volume argues that Latin American community organisers, intellectuals, novelists, priests, students, artists, urban pobladores, refugees, migrants, and common people have contributed significantly to new visions of political community and participatory democracy. These local actors built an alternative transnational solidarity from below with significant participation of the socially excluded and activists in the global South. <br><br> Edited by Jessica Stites Mor, this book offers fine-grained case studies that show how Latin America's re-emerging Left transformed the struggles against dictatorship and repression of the Cold War into the language of anti-colonialism, socioeconomic rights, and identity.
Описание: After decades of bloodshed and political terror, many lament the rise of the left in Latin America. With Guatemala as the case study, this title argues that the Latin American Cold War was a struggle not between political liberalism and Soviet communism but two visions of democracy.
Автор: Bisher Jamie Название: The Intelligence War in Latin America ISBN: 0786433507 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780786433506 Издательство: Eurospan Рейтинг: Цена: 10807 р. Наличие на складе: Невозможна поставка.
Описание: The First World War did not bypass Latin America, but immediately cast its shadow over every port from Tijuana to Punta Arenas, and every capitol from Havana to Buenos Aires. Within days, Europe's call to arms echoed across every Latin American jungle, mountain range and desert, beckoning reservists home and mobilizing expatriate communities. From the first day of war, European belligerents dedicated intelligence assets and secret diplomacy to compete for Latin America's prize allegiances and resources.The intelligence war in Latin America pitted not only the Entente against the Central Powers, but quickly entangled all of the American republics and even Japan. Revolutionary and counter-revolutionary movements, big oil, international banks and businesses were also drawn into the fray.These books add depth to known historical episodes and disclose fresh revelations from intelligence files that were not declassified until our generation. The focus ranges from the desk of Woodrow Wilson to the boiler room of a tramp steamer in Buenos Aires, linking policies and executive decisions to incidents of sabotage, espionage, political subterfuge and other nefarious arts. This narrative connects the dots between Mexico City, Buenos Aires, Guatemala City, Lima, Havana, Santiago, Rio de Janeiro, Berlin, London, Washington, Tokyo and dozens of safe houses, front companies, consulates, legations and headquarters in between.
Описание: On April 2, 1917, the United States declared war against Germany, entering the war that for years had tearing Europe apart. This moment marked the end of one era in the nation's history and the start of another. World War One erupted in the midst of lively domestic debate as to what America's role should be in the global sphere. Whereas Woodrow Wilson was re-elected in 1916 by pledging to stay out of the conflict in Europe, former president Theodore Roosevelt was convinced that it offered the means for the U.S. to take its rightful place as a world power and ensure national security. The nation spent three years, at a crossroads, and then chose its path. In The Path to War, Michael S. Neiberg argues that World War One was the defining event of the twentieth century for the United States. He follows American reactions to such events as the Lusitania, German espionage, and the Zimmermann telegram, shedding light on the dilemmas and crises the country faced in the war years. The choice to join the carnage situated America within global politics and prompted George M. Cohan in 1917 to compose "Over There," one of the most popular and enduring songs of the 20th century. A single year of war had crucial effects on the country's identity; "hyphenated Americans" or otherwise, all citizens united to contribute to the effort. The Path to War revives debates around America's entry into World War One, building to Wilson's declaration while examining the forces that made it all but inevitable. Neiberg establishes beyond question that the war was not a parenthetical exception in American history but a moment of national and international self-identification, one whose effects still resonate today.
Автор: Bill Albert Название: South America and the First World War ISBN: 052152685X ISBN-13(EAN): 9780521526852 Издательство: Cambridge Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 4255 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: The collapse of this economy in August 1914 and its subsequent restructuring, therefore, created extremely testing conditions for peripheral countries. These conditions and the way in which they were dealt with help to highlight the strengths and weaknesses of the variants of the primary-export-based capitalist development which had taken root here. Also, as had happened in Europe, the war witnessed far-reaching political and social changes in the region, associated in the main with the emergence of a more vocal urban middle class and a more combative working class. By considering within a fully comparative perspective some of the main elements of both economic and socio-political change in four major Latin American countries during the war years, this study provides many important new insights into the nature and limitations of pre-war growth as well as the significance of the many changes brought by the war.
Описание: A Short History of U.S. Interventions in Latin America and the Caribbean presents a concise account of the full sweep of U.S. military invasions and interventions in Central America, South America, and the Caribbean from 1800 up to the present day. E
Описание: Exploring the many different contact points between Iberian colonialism and indigenous cultures, this title features contributors who identify the crucial parameters of language evolution that have led to today`s state of linguistic diversity in Latin America.
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