Автор: Werner Becker (Ed.) Название: Neutron Stars and Pulsars ISBN: 3540769641 ISBN-13(EAN): 9783540769644 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 21588 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Studying neutron stars means studying physics in regimes unattainable in any terrestrial laboratory. This book reviews the progress made since the early days of pulsar astronomy, and focuses on questions such as: `What have we learned about the subject and how did we learn it?` and `What are the most important open questions in this area`.
Автор: Rudy Wijnands; Diego Altamirano; Paolo Soleri; Nat Название: A Decade of Accreting Millisecond X-Ray Pulsars ISBN: 0735405999 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780735405998 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 13254 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.
Описание: In X-ray binaries, neutron stars (the very dense stellar remnants of heavy stars) accrete matter from a close-by companion star. This workshop celebrates the 10th anniversary of the discovery of the first system in which this signal was found and discuss the observational and theoretical insight in the nature of these systems.
Radio Pulsar Phenomenology.- Radio pulsar populations.- Pulsar Results with the Fermi Large Area Telescope.- Fermi view of the EGRET pulsars.- "Garden-variety" Gamma-ray Pulsars J0248+6021& J2240+5832.- Extension studies of galactic sources with Fermi.- Advances in understanding double features in radio pulsar profiles.- Emission from the Polar Cap and Slot Gap.- Gamma-ray emission and pair creation of outer gap.- What Pulsar High-Energy Emission Model Survives?.- Current Models of Pulsar Magnetospheres.- Modeling of y-ray Pulsar Light Curves from Force-Free Magnetosphere.- A Tale of Two Current Sheets.- The high-energy emission from the pulsar striped wind.- Gamma-rays from millisecond pulsars in Globular Clusters.- Modelling the Growing Population of y-ray Millisecond Pulsars.- A Joint Radio Gamma-ray Variability Study of the Crab Pulsar.- AGILE observations of PSR B1509-58.- Understanding the fundamental parameters of millisecond pulsars.- Pulsars as gravitational wave detectors.- Magnetar outbursts: an observational review.- Wide-band X-ray Studies of Magentars with Suzaku.- Bursts and Flares from Highly Magnetic Pulsars.- Activated Magnetospheres of Magnetars.- Suzaku Detection of Hard X-ray Emission in SGR 0501+4516 Short Burst Spectrum.- The magnetar emission in the IR band: the role of magnetospheric currents.- Double features in mean pulsar profiles and the nature of their radio emission.- Can the magnetic field of long-period X-ray pulsars be supercritical ?.- X-ray emission from isolated neutron stars.- X-ray thermal radiation from hot polar cap in pulsars.- Radio polarization of RRAT J1819-1458.- Multiwavelength Observations of Pulsar Wind Nebulae.- Multi-wavelength Observations of Composite Supernova Remnants.- Fermi-LAT Results on Pulsar Wind Nebulae after 1.5 year of Observations.- Pulsar Wind Nebulae: The GeV to TeV Connection.- Extended hard X-ray emission from Vela X.- Cherenkov Telescopes Results on Pulsar Wind Nebulae and Pulsars.- Lepton Acceleration in Pulsar Wind Nebulae.- MHD models of Pulsar Wind Nebulae.- TeV Gamma Ray Survey on the Direction of Fermi-LAT Pulsars with the Tibet Air Shower Array.- Fermi results on y-ray binaries.- Cherenkov Telescope results on gamma-ray binaries.- y-ray binaries as non-accreting pulsar systems.- Relativistic motion and beamed radiation in gamma-ray binaries.- A leptonic One-Zone model of the X-Ray/VHE correlated emission in LS I +61 303.- New Optical Results on y-ray Binaries.- The International X-ray Observatory and other X-ray missions, expectations for pulsar physics.- X-ray Polarimeters.- New results on high energy cosmic ray electrons observed with Fermi LAT.- Positrons from pulsar winds.
Описание: The aim of the inaugural meeting of the Sant Cugat Forum on Astrophysics was to address, in a global context, the current understanding of and challenges in high-energy emissions from isolated and non-isolated neutron stars, and to confront the theoretical picture with observations of both the Fermi satellite and the currently operating ground-based Cherenkov telescopes. Participants have also discussed the prospects for possible observations with planned instruments across the multi-wavelength spectrum (e.g. SKA, LOFAR, E-VLT, IXO, CTA) and how they will impact our theoretical understanding of these systems.In keeping with the goals of the Forum, this book not only represents the proceedings of the meeting, but also a reflection on the state-of-the-art in the topic.
Автор: Lorimer Название: Handbook of Pulsar Astronomy ISBN: 0521535344 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780521535342 Издательство: Cambridge Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 5887 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Radio pulsars are rapidly rotating highly magnetized neutron stars. Studies of these fascinating objects have provided applications in solid-state physics, general relativity, galactic astronomy, astrometry, planetary physics and even cosmology. Most of these applications and much of what we know about neutron stars are derived from single-dish radio observations using state-of-the-art receivers and data acquisition systems. This comprehensive 2004 book is a unique resource that brings together the key observational techniques, background information and a review of results, including the discovery of a double pulsar system. Useful software tools are provided which can be used to analyse example data, made available on a related website. This work will be of great value not only to graduate students but also to researchers wishing to carry out and interpret a wide variety of radio pulsar observations.
Описание: This book collects the contributions presented at the conference Isolated Neutron Stars: From the Surface to the Interior, held in London in April 2006. Forty years after the discovery of radio pulsars it presents an up-to-date description of the new vision of isolated neutron stars that has emerged in recent years with the advance of multi-wavelength observations. The great variety of isolated neutron stars, from pulsars to magnetars, some of them discovered very recently and many of them not detectable in radio wavelengths, is amply covered by descriptions of recent observational results and presentations of the latest theoretical interpretation of these data.
Автор: Kisi Christopher J Название: Applications of Neutron Powder Diffraction ISBN: 0199657424 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780199657421 Издательство: Oxford Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 9997 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.
Описание: This is the first book covering the theory, practicalities, and the extensive applications of neutron powder diffraction in materials science, physics, chemistry, mineralogy, and engineering. The broad coverage should be accessible to graduate students and senior undergraduates in science and engineering, as well as lecturers and researchers.
This thesis is a comprehensive work that addresses many of the open questions currently being discusssed in the very-high-energy (VHE) gamma-ray community. It presents a detailed description of the MAGIC telescope together with a glimpse of the future Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA). One section is devoted to the design, development and characterization of trigger systems for current and future imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes. The book also features a state-of-the-art description of pulsar wind nebula (PWN) systems, the study of the multi-TeV spectrum of the Crab nebula, as well as the discovery of VHE gamma rays at the multiwavelength PWN 3C 58, which were sought at these wavelengths for more than twenty years. It also includes the contextualization of this discovery amongst the current population of VHE gamma-ray PWNe. Cataclysmic variable stars represent a new source of gamma ray energies, and are also addressed here. In closing, the thesis reports on the systematic search for VHE gamma-ray emissions of AE Aquarii in a multiwavelength context and the search for VHE gamma-ray variability of novae during outbursts at different wavelengths.
Автор: D. R. Lorimer Название: Handbook of Pulsar Astronomy ISBN: 0521828236 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780521828239 Издательство: Cambridge Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 11913 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Radio pulsars are rapidly rotating highly magnetized neutron stars. Studies of these fascinating objects have provided applications in solid-state physics,
general relativity, galactic astronomy, astrometry, planetary physics and even cosmology. Most of these applications and much of what we know about neutron stars are derived from
single-dish radio observations using state-of-the-art receivers and data acquisition systems.
This comprehensive book is a unique resource that brings together the key
observational techniques, background information and a review of the latest results, including the recent discovery of a double pulsar system. Useful software tools are provided which
can be used to analyse example data, made available on a related website. This work will be of great value not only to graduate students but also to researchers wishing to carry out
and interpret a wide variety of radio pulsar observations.
Название: On pulsar ISBN: 9814289728 ISBN-13(EAN): 9789814289726 Издательство: World Scientific Publishing Рейтинг: Цена: 3150 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Presents an introduction to the physics of pulsars by explaining the subject matter in simple terms which are understandable to both undergraduate physics students and also the general public. This title links together ideas about physics, informatics and biology, and contains many original examples, problems and solutions.
Описание: Compact objects are an important class of astronomical objects in current research. Supermassive black holes play an important role in the understanding of the formation of galaxies in the early Universe. Old white dwarfs are nowadays used to calibrate the age of the Universe. Mergers of neutron stars and black holes are the sources of intense gravitational waves which will be measured in the next ten years by gravitational wave detectors.Camenzind's Compact Objects in Astrophysics gives a comprehensive introduction and up-to-date overview about the physical processes behind these objects, covering the field from the beginning to most recent results, including all relevant observations.After a presentation of the taxonomy of compact objects, the basic principles of general relativity are given. The author then discusses in detail the physics and observations of white dwarfs and neutron stars (including the most recent equations of state for neutron star matter), the gravitational field of rapidly rotating compact objects, rotating black holes (including ray tracing and black hole magnetospheres), gravitational waves, and the new understanding of accretion processes by means of the magnetorotational instability of accretion disks.This modern treatise of compact object astrophysics uses the 3+1 split approach to Einstein's equations, and to relativistic hydrodynamics and magnetohydrodynamics. In each chapter problems and solutions help deepen the understanding of the subject. Both advanced students and researchers will appreciate this book as an advanced textbook and reference on this fascinating field of astrophysics.
Описание: The book gives an extended review of theoretical and observational aspects of neutron star physics. With masses comparable to that of the Sun and radii of about ten kilometres, neutron stars are the densest stars in the Universe. This book describes all layers of neutron stars, from the surface to the core, with the emphasis on their structure and equation of state. Theories of dense matter are reviewed, and used to construct neutron star models. Hypothetical strange quark stars and possible exotic phases in neutron star cores are also discussed. Also covered are the effects of strong magnetic fields in neutron star envelopes and a comparison on neutron star models with observations.
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