Описание: This book traces of the history of American environmental and resource policy as well as offers a careful analysis of its current state. It places a strong emphasis on comparisons with more cooperative paths of environmental management in other nations.
Описание: Published only once every five years, the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) is an indispensable volume of official industry codes used by businesses, libraries, and other establishments and individuals to complete tax returns, grant requests, and fill out other forms and to improve analyses and comparisons of different industries. NAICS officially replaced the U.S. Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system in 1997. It provides a consistent system of economic analysis across the three NAFTA nations Canada, Mexico, and the United States. NAICS is used by U.S. statistical agencies to facilitate the collection, tabulation, presentation, and dissemination of data relating to establishments and to provide uniformity and comparability in the presentation of statistical data describing the U.S. economy. These statistics are used by all kinds of businesses, government agencies, policy analysts, academics and researchers, and the general public. NAICS is a comprehensive system covering all economic activities. The 2012 edition of NAICS supersedes the 2007 edition published in May 2007. The 2012 edition includes new and emerging industries, several title changes, and clarification of industry definitions. This edition contains four parts: .Part I: Titles and Descriptions of Industries provides a detailed description of all sectors from Sector 11 Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing, and Hunting to Sector 92 Public Administration .Part II: List of Short Titles has been created for the use of those who find that space limitations preclude the use of the full title for the dissemination of data classified to NAICS .Part III: Appendixes A and B maps the changes for 2012 NAICS to the 2007 NAICS in 2012 NAICS sequence (Appendix A) and 2007 NAICS sequence (Appendix B) .Part IV: Alphabetic Index of all 1,065 industries In addition, there is a section on frequently asked questions about economic classifications, a detailed list of the 2012 NAICS United States structure, and a directory of selected federal government agencies. NAICS 2012 classifies all economic activity into 20 sectors 1,065 industries. The sectors and their two-digit codes include: 11. Agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting 21. Mining 22. Utilities 23. Construction 31-33. Manufacturing 42. Wholesale trade 44-45. Retail trade 48-49. Transportation and warehousing 51. Information 52. Finance and insurance 53. Real estate and rental and leasing 54. Professional, scientific, and technical services 55. Management of companies and enterprises 56. Administrative and support and waste management and remediation 61. Educational services 62. Health care and social assistance 71. Arts, entertainment, and recreation 72. Accommodation and food services 81. Other services (except public administration) 92. Public administration Frequently Asked Question about NAICS What is the purpose of NAICS? .It is an industry classification system that groups establishments into industries based on the similarity of their production processes. It is a comprehensive system covering all economic activities. It was initially developed and subsequently revised to provide common industry definitions for Canada, Mexico, and the United States that facilitate economic analyses of the economies of the three North American countries. The statistical agencies in the three countries produce information on inputs and outputs, industrial performance, productivity, unit labor costs, and employment. Who uses NAICS and why is it so important? .Although it was designed for statistical purposes, it is often used for various administrative, regulatory, contracting, and taxation purposes. For example, some state governments offer tax incentives to businesses classified in specified NAICS industries. In addition, some contracting authorities require businesses to register their NAICS codes, which are used to determine eligibility to bid on certain contracts. NAICS is used by all kinds
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