Автор: Scheve, Kenneth F., Название: Taxing the rich : ISBN: 0691165459 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780691165455 Издательство: Wiley Рейтинг: Цена: 2888 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.
Описание: "Taxing the Rich draws on unparalleled evidence from twenty countries over the last two centuries to provide the broadest and most in-depth history of progressive taxation available. Scheve and Stasavage explore the intellectual and political debates surrounding the taxation of the wealthy while also providing the most detailed examination to date of when taxes have been levied against the rich and when they haven`t. Fairness in debates about taxing the rich has depended on different views of what it means to treat people as equals and whether taxing the rich advances or undermines this norm. Scheve and Stasavage argue that governments don`t tax the rich just because inequality is high or rising--they do it when people believe that such taxes compensate for the state unfairly privileging the wealthy. Progressive taxation saw its heyday in the twentieth century, when compensatory arguments for taxing the rich focused on unequal sacrifice in mass warfare. Today, as technology gives rise to wars of more limited mobilization, such arguments are no longer persuasive. Taxing the Rich shows how the future of tax reform will depend on whether political and economic conditions allow for new compensatory arguments to be made."--Publisher`s Web site.
Описание: "This book argues that the Indo-Europeanizing of Europe essentially began shortly before 1600 BC, when lands rich in natural resources were taken over by military forces from the Eurasian steppe and from southern Caucasia. First were the copper and silver mines (along with good harbors) in Greece, and the copper and gold mines of the Carpathian basin. By ca. 1500 BC other military men had taken over the amber shores of Scandinavia and the metalworking district of the southern Alps. These military takeovers offer the most likely explanations for the origins of the Greek, Keltic, Germanic and Italic subgroups of the Indo-European language family. Battlefield warfare and militarism, Robert Drews contends, were novelties ca. 1600 BC and were a consequence of the military employment of chariots. Current opinion is that militarism and battlefield warfare are as old as formal states, going back before 3000 BC. Another current opinion is that the Indo-Europeanizing of Europe happened long before 1600 BC. The `Kurgan Theory` of Marija Gimbutas and David Anthony dates it from late in the fifth to early in the third millennium BC and explains it as the result of horse-riding conquerors or raiders coming to Europe from the steppe. Colin Renfrew`s Archaeology and Language dates the Indo-Europeanizing of Europe to the seventh and sixth millennia BC, and explains it as a consequence of the spread of agriculture in a `wave of advance` from Anatolia through Europe. Pairing linguistic with archaeological evidence Drews concludes that in Greece and Italy, at least, no Indo-European language could have arrived before the second millennium BC"--Provided by publisher.
Описание: A comparative-historical study of welfare states in the former communist region of East Central Europe. Inglot analyzes almost one hundred years of expansion of social insurance programs across different political regimes. He places these programs in a larger political and socioeconomic context, which includes the most recent developments since the advent of democracy. Based on this research, he argues that despite apparent similarities the welfare states of East Central Europe, Czechoslovakia (Czech Republic and Slovakia since 1993), Poland, and Hungary have pursued distinct historical paths of development and change. He examines the highly unusual evolution of these welfare states in detail, tracing alternating periods of growth and retrenchment/reform, which he links to political and economic crises under communist rule. Inglot uses this comparative analysis of welfare systems to examine the continued influence of history over the politics and policies of the social safety nets in Eastern Europe.
Автор: Cottey Andrew Название: Security in 21st Century Europe ISBN: 1137006455 ISBN-13(EAN): 9781137006455 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 4179 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Fully revised and updated, the second edition of this leading textbook provides a systematic assessment of security in contemporary Europe. The book examines the changing character of security and assesses the extent of the threats posed by different challenges, as well as the policy dilemmas involved in responding to these concerns. The nature of security in Europe has been transformed in recent years. Andrew Cottey argues that this is a result of two key developments: the emergence of a security community - a zone of peace where war is inconceivable across much of Europe - and the presence of new security threats such as terrorism and energy dependence. Set in the context of the rising power of non-Western states and the continuing fall-out from the global economic crisis, this text provides a comprehensive analysis of Europe's new security challenges. Europe's traditional problem of war between states is being displaced by a new and equally daunting set of security challenges. While major war within Europe remains unlikely, the 2008 Georgia war and the 2011 Libya war were reminders that violent conflicts are still prevalent on Europe's periphery and can pose major challenges for European governments, NATO and the EU. At the same time, terrorism, nuclear proliferation as well as non-military problems like mass migration and climate change threaten Europe's security. This text is the perfect companion for advanced undergraduate and Master’s level courses on European security, whether within courses in Security studies, European studies or International Relations.
Описание: This colourful book surveys the innovations and the stylistic diversity of the music from this period by an in-depth study of the cultural socio-political forces which inevitably defined the period of baroque.
Описание: The Oxford Handbook of Local and Regional Democracy in Europe is the most up-to-date and comprehensive analysis of subnational democracy in Europe. It is the only book to analyse subnational democracy in the 27 member states of the EU plus Norway and Switzerland.
Автор: Edited by Roger D. Woodard Название: The Ancient Languages of Europe ISBN: 0521684951 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780521684958 Издательство: Cambridge Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 4370 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: This book, derived from the acclaimed Cambridge Encyclopedia of the World’s Ancient Languages, describes the ancient languages of Europe, for the convenience of students and specialists working in that area. Each chapter of the work focuses on an individual language or, in some instances, a set of closely related varieties of a language. Providing a full descriptive presentation, each of these chapters examines the writing system(s), phonology, morphology, syntax and lexicon of that language, and places the language within its proper linguistic and historical context. The volume brings together an international array of scholars, each a leading specialist in ancient language study. While designed primarily for scholars and students of linguistics, this work will prove invaluable to all whose studies take them into the realm of ancient language.
Автор: Wawro, Geoffrey Название: Warfare and society in europe, 1792-1914 ISBN: 0415214459 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780415214452 Издательство: Taylor&Francis Рейтинг: Цена: 3926 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Combining original research with the latest scholarship Wawro examines war and its aftermath from Napoleonic times to the outbreak of WW1. The book highlights the interplay of society, politics and military decision making in Europe.
Автор: Swain, Geoffrey Swain, Nigel Название: Eastern europe since 1945 ISBN: 0230214606 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780230214606 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 3134 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.
Описание: This essential text has been fully revised, updated and expanded to take account of new material and events since the publication of the third edition. The book now features extended discussion of the post 1989 transition to capitalism, additional illustrations, and suggestions for further reading.
Описание: Offers an insight into one of the classic questions of history: why did sustained industrial growth begin in Northwest Europe? This book shows, as recently as 1750, parallels between these two parts of the world were very high in life expectancy, consumption, product and factor markets, and the strategies of households.
Автор: Berend Название: Central Europe in the High Middle Ages ISBN: 0521786959 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780521786959 Издательство: Cambridge Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 3220 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: This groundbreaking comparative history of the early centuries of Bohemia, Hungary and Poland sets the development of each polity in the context of the central European region as a whole. Focusing on the origins of the realms and their development in the eleventh and twelfth centuries, the book concludes with the thirteenth century when significant changes in social and economic structures occurred. The book presents a series of thematic chapters on every aspect of the early history of the region covering political, religious, economic, social and cultural developments, including an investigation of origin myths that questions traditional national narratives. It also explores the ways in which west European patterns were appropriated and adapted through the local initiatives of rulers, nobles and ecclesiastics in central Europe. An ideal introduction to the essential themes in medieval central European history, the book sheds important new light on regional similarities and differences.
Описание: The Moral Economy examines the nexus of poverty, credit, and trust in early modern Europe. It starts with an examination of poverty, the need for credit, and the lending practices of different social groups. It then reconstructs the battles between the Churches and the State around the ban on usury, and analyzes the institutions created to eradicate usury and the informal petty financial economy that developed as a result. Laurence Fontaine unpacks the values that structured these lending practices, namely, the two competing cultures of credit that coexisted, fought, and sometimes merged: the vibrant aristocratic culture and the capitalistic merchant culture. More broadly, Fontaine shows how economic trust between individuals was constructed in the early modern world. By creating a dialogue between past and present, and contrasting their definitions of poverty, the role of the market, and the mechanisms of microcredit, Fontaine draws attention to the necessity of recognizing the different values that coexist in diverse political economies.
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