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Chemistry, Emission Control, Radioactive Pollution and Indoor Air Quality, Henri Duff



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Автор: Henri Duff
Название:  Chemistry, Emission Control, Radioactive Pollution and Indoor Air Quality   (Генри Дафф: Химия, эмиссионный контроль, радиоактивное загрязнение и качество внутреннего воздушного)
Издательство: Gazelle Book Services
Классификация:
Гидросфера
Загрязнение и угрозы окружающей среде

ISBN: 1681173174
ISBN-13(EAN): 9781681173177
ISBN: 1-68117-317-4
ISBN-13(EAN): 978-1-68117-317-7
Обложка/Формат: Hardback
Страницы: 310
Вес: 0.842 кг.
Дата издания: 01.01.2017
Серия: Earth Science
Язык: English
Размер: 238 x 164 x 24
Читательская аудитория: Professional & vocational
Ключевые слова: Oceanography (seas)
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Поставляется из: Англии
Описание: The atmosphere may be our most precious resource. Accordingly, the balance between its use and protection is a high priority for our civilisation. While many of us would consider air pollution to be an issue that the modern world has resolved to a greater extent, it still appears to have considerable influence on the global environment. The radioactive pollution refers to the physical pollution of air, water and the other radioactive materials. The natural radiations are also known as the background radiations. In this the cosmic rays are involved and reach the surface of earth from space. It includes the radioactive elements like radium, uranium, thorium, radon, potassium and carbon. These occur in the rock, soil and water. The man made radiations include the mining and refining of plutonium and thorium. This production and explosion of nuclear weapons include the nuclear fuels, power plants and radioactive isotopes. Indoor air quality (IAQ) is a term which refers to the air quality within and around buildings and structures, especially as it relates to the health and comfort of building occupants. IAQ can be affected by gases (including carbon monoxide, radon, volatile organic compounds), particulates, microbial contaminants (mould, bacteria), or any mass or energy stressor that can induce adverse health conditions. Source control, filtration and the use of ventilation to dilute contaminants are the primary methods for improving indoor air quality in most buildings. Residential units can further improve indoor air quality by routine cleaning of carpets and area rugs. EPA has guidelines for frequency of cleaning based on traffic, number of household members, pets, children and smokers. Carpets and rugs act like an air filter and must be cleaned. Determination of IAQ involves the collection of air samples, monitoring human exposure to pollutants, collection of samples on building surfaces, and computer modelling of air flow inside buildings. Indoor air pollution in developing nations is a major health hazard globally. In many countries with ambitious economic growth targets the acceptable levels of air pollution have been transgressed. Serious respiratory disease related problems have been identified with both indoor and outdoor pollution throughout the world. This book deals with several air pollution issues air pollution chemistry; air pollutant emission control; radioactive pollution and d) indoor air quality.



Geological Disposal of Carbon Dioxide and Radioactive Waste: A Comparative Assessment

Автор: Ferenc L. Toth
Название: Geological Disposal of Carbon Dioxide and Radioactive Waste: A Comparative Assessment
ISBN: 940073543X ISBN-13(EAN): 9789400735439
Издательство: Springer
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Цена: 27345 р.
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Описание: Fossil fuels will remain the backbone of the global energy economy for the foreseeable future. With the pressing need to mitigate climate change and reduce greenhouse gas emissions, the fossil energy industry is exploring the possibility of carbon dioxide disposal in geological media.

Geological Disposal of Carbon Dioxide and Radioactive Waste: A Comparative Assessment

Автор: Toth
Название: Geological Disposal of Carbon Dioxide and Radioactive Waste: A Comparative Assessment
ISBN: 9048187117 ISBN-13(EAN): 9789048187119
Издательство: Springer
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Цена: 27345 р.
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Описание: Fossil fuels will remain the backbone of the global energy economy for the foreseeable future. The contribution of nuclear energy to the global energy supply is also expected to increase. With the pressing need to mitigate climate change and reduce greenhouse gas emissions, the fossil energy industry is exploring the possibility of carbon dioxide disposal in geological media. Geological disposal has been studied for decades by the nuclear industry with a view to ensuring the safe containment of its wastes. Geological disposal of carbon dioxide and that of radioactive waste gives rise to many common concerns in domains ranging from geology to public acceptance. In this respect, comparative assessments reveal many similarities, ranging from the transformation of the geological environment and safety and monitoring concerns to regulatory, liability and public acceptance issues. However, there are profound differences on a broad range of issues as well, such as the quantities and hazardous features of the materials to be disposed of, the characteristics of the targeted geological media, the site engineering technologies involved and the timescales required for safe containment at the disposal location. There are ample opportunities to learn from comparisons and to derive insights that will assist policymakers responsible for national energy strategies and international climate policies.

Decision Making for Complex Socio-Technical Systems / Robustness from Lessons Learned in Long-Term Radioactive Waste Governance

Автор: FlГјeler Thomas
Название: Decision Making for Complex Socio-Technical Systems / Robustness from Lessons Learned in Long-Term Radioactive Waste Governance
ISBN: 1402034806 ISBN-13(EAN): 9781402034800
Издательство: Springer
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Цена: 22886 р.
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Описание: The long-term governance of radioactive waste continues to be a major complex and contentious socio-technical issue worldwide. Traditionally, it has been considered as mainly a challenge to scientists and engineers to develop technical "solutions" to specific problems. But increasingly these narrow solutions have been enlarged by wider societal considerations such as ethics, public involvement, control and retrievability – needs that have in the meanwhile been recognised by the nuclear community, at least in a general way. In this book, we analyse motives for a broad discourse as well as suggest prerequisites to launch it. The author attempts to give a novel, empirically based and technically sound treatment of fundamental issues in long-term management and governance. Written to be accessible to a wide selection of the interested public, the study proposes a combination of technical design issues, analysis methods and institutional backup in a dynamic procedure, and with involvement at all levels of political, commercial and social life.

Indoor Air Pollution

Автор: Pluschke Peter
Название: Indoor Air Pollution
ISBN: 3540210989 ISBN-13(EAN): 9783540210986
Издательство: Springer
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Цена: 29298 р.
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Описание: Indoor Air Pollution has become a major topic in environmental research and health. Most people spend more than 80% of their time in buildings and are exposed to a broad range of pollutants from indoor sources such as building materials, furniture, carpets and textiles, heating and cooking, household and consumer products, etc. The volume provides a comprehensive review of the major indoor air pollutants: volatile organic compounds, biocides, indoor particles and fibres, combustion products and micro-organisms and their metabolites. Sources and sinks of air pollutants in indoor environments and their chemistry are distinctly different from ambient air pollution, even though the latter may influence indoor air quality. Adsorption and desorption processes, the pollutant source dynamics, gas phase reactions and kinetics - including the fate and final chemical destiny of chemically unstable intermediate compounds - are topics of scientific research as well as the evaluation of their sensory impact and irritation potential. Guidelines for assessing indoor pollution and a broad range of analytical methods have been recently developed and are reviewed by internationally renowned scientists. The specific characteristics of indoor air pollution in developing countries due to the widespread use of open fires for cooking, heating and lighting are analysed as well as the Chinese strategies to address the growing pollution problems by air pollution in its modern building stock.

Indoor Air Pollution and Health

Автор: Bardana
Название: Indoor Air Pollution and Health
ISBN: 0824794796 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780824794798
Издательство: Informa
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Цена: 14380 р.
Наличие на складе: Нет в наличии.

Описание: Offers comprehensive coverage of the indoor environment-integrating health and building science and presenting a variety of viewpoints from diverse disciplines, including allergy, toxicology, oncology, environmental science, building engineering, and law. Examines critical issues that affect air quality from a source standpoint, such as biologic agents, pesticides, tobacco smoke, solvents, combustion products, volatile organic compounds, indoor allergens, and radon.

Indoor Environment: Airborne Particles and Settled Dust

Автор: Lidia Morawska
Название: Indoor Environment: Airborne Particles and Settled Dust
ISBN: 3527305254 ISBN-13(EAN): 9783527305254
Издательство: Wiley
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Цена: 25410 р.
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Описание: Covering the fundamentals of air-borne particles and settled dust in the indoor environment, this handy reference investigates: relevant definitions and terminology, characteristics, sources, sampling techniques and instrumentation, exposure assessment, and monitoring methods. The result is a useful and comprehensive overview for chemists, physicists and biologists, postgraduate students, medical practitioners, occupational health professionals, building ownernd managers, building, construction and air-conditioning engineers, architects, environmental lawyers, and government and regulatory professionals.

Costs of Air Pollution Control / Analyses of Emission Control Options for Ozone Abatement Strategies

Автор: Reis Stefan
Название: Costs of Air Pollution Control / Analyses of Emission Control Options for Ozone Abatement Strategies
ISBN: 354043934X ISBN-13(EAN): 9783540439349
Издательство: Springer
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Цена: 17241 р.
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Описание: This book describes the development of cost effective abatement strategies aimed at the control of air pollutant emissions in Europe, with a focus on ground level ozone. The author starts with the air pollution status quo in the late 1990s, discussing the impacts of photooxidant concentrations in the context of other air pollution related effects. Emission sources are then analysed in detail, deriving a scenario for a business-as-usual development of ozone precursor emissions. From a cost-benefit perspective, it is shown that only an integrated assessment of all air pollutants and their effects can achieve a full accounting that reflects synergies and hidden benefits. The modelling scheme identifies emission targets required to achieve compliance with EU thresholds, and calculations reveal the need to review established ozone thresholds and emission limits, in particular in view of the accession of Central and Eastern European nations and the resulting geographic extension.

Environmental Protection Against Radioactive Pollution

Автор: Birsen N., Kadyrzhanov Kairat K.
Название: Environmental Protection Against Radioactive Pollution
ISBN: 1402017898 ISBN-13(EAN): 9781402017896
Издательство: Springer
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Цена: 17764 р.
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Описание: The reports presented here discuss: General estimation of the radioactive contamination of the territories and radiation hazardous objects, including former military test sites, areas influenced due to Chernobyl and Mayak accidents, and territories of oil fields; Techniques and procedures of radioecological monitoring; Techniques of determining radionuclide concentrations and species in the environment. The cross-border transport of radionuclides between Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan by the waterways of Central Asia is discussed and a number of cases are described where the redistribution and accumulation of the natural radionuclides resulted in dangerous radioecological situations. This book also provides a strong foundation on which to build further multilateral programmes that can enhance understanding and cooperation in addressing the issues surrounding the sites where nuclear weapons were once tested.

Environmental Protection Against Radioactive Pollution

Автор: Birsen N., Kadyrzhanov Kairat K.
Название: Environmental Protection Against Radioactive Pollution
ISBN: 1402017901 ISBN-13(EAN): 9781402017902
Издательство: Springer
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Цена: 11494 р.
Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.

Описание: The reports presented here discuss: General estimation of the radioactive contamination of the territories and radiation hazardous objects, including former military test sites, areas influenced due to Chernobyl and Mayak accidents, and territories of oil fields; Techniques and procedures of radioecological monitoring; Techniques of determining radionuclide concentrations and species in the environment. The cross-border transport of radionuclides between Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan by the waterways of Central Asia is discussed and a number of cases are described where the redistribution and accumulation of the natural radionuclides resulted in dangerous radioecological situations. This book also provides a strong foundation on which to build further multilateral programmes that can enhance understanding and cooperation in addressing the issues surrounding the sites where nuclear weapons were once tested.

Understanding Radioactive Aerosols and Their Measurement

Автор: Schery S.D.
Название: Understanding Radioactive Aerosols and Their Measurement
ISBN: 0792371763 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780792371762
Издательство: Springer
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Цена: 12696 р.
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Описание: This book is an introduction to radioactivity and aerosols for the scientifically literate reader with little or no previous exposure to either of these subjects. It provides a step-by-step introduction to radioactive aerosols from the physical science perspective, with coverage of such topics as indoor radon decay products, radioactive aerosols as tracers of atmospheric processes, indoor and outdoor models of aerosol transport, fallout from nuclear weapons and reactor accidents, and measurement of radioactivity and aerosols. Audience: Although it includes references to the research literature, it is not designed as a research monograph for specialists. Rather, it is directed at an interdisciplinary audience at the advanced undergraduate science level and higher who want an introductory, but rigorous, presentation of the core material of this subject. It is suitable for self study or for use as a main or supplemental textbook. It should be useful to a range of students in aerosol science, health physics, environmental science, nuclear engineering, and the atmospheric sciences. It should also be valuable to `crossover' professionals - professionals in other areas of science and engineering - who want a readable, self-contained introduction to radioactive aerosols. Many worked examples, and more than a hundred exercises and problems with answers, are provided.

Microorganisms in Home and Indoor Work Environments

Название: Microorganisms in Home and Indoor Work Environments
ISBN: 1420093347 ISBN-13(EAN): 9781420093346
Издательство: Taylor&Francis
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Цена: 19058 р.
Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.

Описание:

In 2007, scientists estimated the direct cost of diseases associated with mould and dampness on the US population to be in the range of 4 billion dollars, and the indirect costs of lost work and school days are gauged even higher. The US Centers for Disease Control recently concluded that elimination of moisture and mouldy materials in the home definitively results in improved health. Unfortunately, problems of accurate assessment and precise identification plague the full understanding of the effects of mould on human health.

Addressing exposure assessment and identification, Microorganisms in Home and Indoor Work Environments, Second Edition: Diversity, Health impacts, Investigation, and Control discusses the methodology for conducting investigations on indoor environments, including details on key fungi and actinobacteria, and reflects advances in predicting their occurrence in buildings in various parts of the world.

Beginning with a review of types of microorganisms in outdoor and indoor air, their growth and control in home and work environments, and their role in respiratory disease, this second edition presents new studies on pollen and its allergenic effects, the mechanistic basis for the effects of toxins and inflammatory agents on lung biology, and the use of molecular methods for determining microbial contaminants. On the practical side, this edition examines remediation, control, and quality assurance; occupational exposures in a wide range of environments; and infectious fungi and bacterial endotoxins in the built environment.

Bringing together the state-of-the-science in this health-critical field, this accurate and timely book offers researchers, public health officials, and industrial hygienists crucial information on specific microorganisms in the built environment, along with current measurement and assessment solutions to clean up indoor air and keep residents and workers healthy in the future.

Radioactive Releases in the Environment: Impact and Assessment

Автор: John R. Cooper
Название: Radioactive Releases in the Environment: Impact and Assessment
ISBN: 0471899240 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780471899242
Издательство: Wiley
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Цена: 8172 р.
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Описание: Man's environment is pervaded by ionizing radiation of predominantly natural origin but now with an important contribution from anthropogenic activities. Exposure to ionizing radiation can have serious health implications, which is why it is of concern to us. This book brings together under one cover, the fundamentals of radiological protection, the techniques used for measuring radioactivity and radionuclides and the methods for modelling the dispersion of radionuclides in the environment. Information on radioactive decay, the interaction of ionizing radiation with matter and biological effects of radiation is provided in a form that enables the reader to quickly appreciate its importance to the environment and human health. Summaries of the effects of past releases, including the Chernobyl accident, are included as well as examples of applications of models to calculate and predict concentrations of radionuclides in our environment. This book is aimed at all those studying, at undergraduate and graduate levels, radioactivity in the environment and its impact on man. It will also serve as a handbook for workers in the fields of radiochemical analysis and environmental modelling and for scientists, consultants and environmental health and pollution officers who have to provide radiological data or information for legislative and related purposes.


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