Process machines are critical to the profitability of processes. Safe, efficient and reliable machines are required to maintain dependable manufacturing processes that can create saleable, on-spec product on time, and at the desired production rate. As the wards of process machinery, we wish to keep our equipment in serviceable condition.

One of the most challenging aspects of a machinery professional or operator's job is deciding whether an operating machine should be shut down due to a perceived problem or be allowed to keep operating. If he or she wrongly recommends a repair be conducted, the remaining useful machine life is wasted, but if he or she is right, they can save the organization from severe consequences, such as product releases, fires, costly secondary machine damage, etc. This economic balancing act is at the heart of all machinery assessments.

Troubleshooting is part science and part art. Simple troubleshooting tables or decision trees are rarely effective in solving complex, real-world machine problems. For this reason, the authors want to offer a novel way to attack machinery issues that can adversely affect the reliability and efficiency of your plant processes. The methodology presented in this book is not a rigid "cook book" approach but rather a flexible and dynamic process aimed at exploring process plant machines holistically, in order uncover the true nature the problem at hand.

Описание: There are two recurring themes in astrophysical and geophysical fluid mechanics: waves and turbulence. This book investigates how turbulence responds to rotation, stratification or magnetic fields, identifying common themes, where they exist, as well as the essential differences which inevitably arise between different classes of flow. The discussion is developed from first principles, making the book suitable for graduate students as well as professional researchers. The author focuses first on the fundamentals and then progresses to such topics as the atmospheric boundary layer, turbulence in the upper atmosphere, turbulence in the core of the earth, zonal winds in the giant planets, turbulence within the interior of the sun, the solar wind, and turbulent flows in accretion discs. The book will appeal to engineers, geophysicists, astrophysicists and applied mathematicians who are interested in naturally occurring turbulent flows.

Описание: Even if the subject is a long-standing one, this is the first monograph on this field. On the one hand, this book is intended to give a rather wide review on this field, both in a historical and pedagogical perspective; on the other hand, it aims at critically re-examining and discussing the most controversial issues. For instance, according to some authors the celebrated Sagnac effect is a disproval of the theory of relativity applied to rotating frames; according to others, it is an astonishing experimental evidence of the relativistic theory. In order to give the reader a deeper insight into this research field, the contributing authors discuss their opinions on the main subjects in an enthralling virtual round table: in this way, the reader can get a direct comparison of the various viewpoints on the most controversial and interesting topics. This is particularly expedient, since the differences in the various approaches are often based upon subtleties that can be understood only by a direct comparison of the underlying hypotheses.

Описание: The theory of rotating hydraulics is important in the study of certain types of swift oceanic and atmospheric flows. Applications include overflows in deep ocean passages such as the Faroe-Bank Channel, shallow exchange flows gaps such as the Strait of Gibraltar, and atmospheric flows such as in the California amarine layer and jet stream. Despite a 30-year history of development the subject is not covered in any of the standard graduate textbooks on geophysical fluid dynamics. This book thoroughly covers the development of the theory of rotating hydraulics, making frequent use of supporting laboratory models and observational data. The need to understand rotating hydraulic phenomena is growing as the general interest in climate and global circulation is continuously increasing. The book includes numerous exercises, making it a perfect textbook for graduate students in oceanography and meteorology. In addition, it identifies cutting-edge research and is of interest to more advanced researchers who seek specialized reference as well as engineering graduate studetns learning about hydraulics in general.

Описание: This textbook introduces the tools and language of modern geometric mechanics to advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students in
mathematics, physics, and engineering. It treats the dynamics of rotating, spinning and rolling rigid bodies from a geometric viewpoint, by formulating their solutions as coadjoint motions
generated by Lie groups. The only prerequisites are linear algebra, multivariable calculus and some familiarity with Euler-Lagrange variational principles and canonical Poisson brackets
in classical mechanics at the beginning undergraduate level.

Variational calculus on tangent spaces of Lie groups is explained in the context of familiar concrete
examples.Through these examples, the student develops skills in performing computational manipulations, starting from vectors and matrices, working through the theory of quaternions
to understand rotations, and then transferring these skills to the computation of more abstract adjoint and coadjoint motions, Lie-Poisson Hamiltonian formulations, momentum maps and
finally dynamics with nonholonomic constraints. The 120 Exercises and 55 Worked Answers help the student to grasp the essential aspects of the subject, and to develop proficiency
in using the powerful methods of geometric mechanics. In addition, all theorems are stated and proved explicitly.

The book's many examples and worked exercises make it
ideal for both classroom use and self-study.

Автор: Gurchenkov Название: Control of Fluid-Filled Rotating Rigid Bodies ISBN: 1138000213 ISBN-13(EAN): 9781138000216 Издательство: Taylor&Francis Рейтинг: Цена: 10856 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.

Описание: This book is devoted to the study of the dynamics of rotating bodies with cavities containing liquid. Two basic classes of motions are analyzed: rotation and libration. Cases of complete and partial filling of cavities with ideal liquid and complete filling with viscous liquid are treated. The volume presents a method for obtaining relations between angular velocities perpendicular to main rotation and external force momentums, which are treated as control. The developed models and methods of solving dynamical problems as well as numerical methods for solving problems of optimal control can be used for studying the dynamics of aircraft in the atmosphere and spacecraft with stores of liquid fuel, which are rotating around some axis for stabilization. The results are also applicable in the development of fast revolving rotors, centrifuges and gyroscopes, which have cavities filled with liquid. This work will be of interest to researchers at universities and laboratories specializing in problems of control for hybrid systems, as well as to under-/postgraduates with this specialization. It will also benefit researchers and practitioners in aerospace and mechanical engineering.

Автор: Necasova Название: Navier-Stokes Flow Around a Rotating Obstacle ISBN: 9462392307 ISBN-13(EAN): 9789462392304 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 5746 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.

Описание:

The book provides a comprehensive, detailed and self-contained treatment of the fundamental mathematical properties of problems arising from the motion of viscous incompressible fluids around rotating obstacles. It offers a new approach to this type of problems. We derive the fundamental solution of the steady case and we give pointwise estimates of velocity and its gradient (first and second one). Each chapter is preceded by a thorough discussion of the investigated problems, along with their motivation and the strategy used to solve them.

The book will be useful to researchers and graduate students in mathematics, in particular mathematical fluid mechanics and differential equations.

Описание: Introduces the tools and language of modern geometric mechanics to advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students in mathematics, physics, and engineering. This book treats the dynamics of rotating, spinning and rolling rigid bodies from a geometric viewpoint, by formulating their solutions as coadjoint motions generated by Lie groups.

Описание: This textbook introduces the tools and language of modern geometric mechanics to advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students in
mathematics, physics, and engineering. It treats the dynamics of rotating, spinning and rolling rigid bodies from a geometric viewpoint, by formulating their solutions as coadjoint motions
generated by Lie groups. The only prerequisites are linear algebra, multivariable calculus and some familiarity with Euler-Lagrange variational principles and canonical Poisson brackets
in classical mechanics at the beginning undergraduate level.

Variational calculus on tangent spaces of Lie groups is explained in the context of familiar concrete
examples.Through these examples, the student develops skills in performing computational manipulations, starting from vectors and matrices, working through the theory of quaternions
to understand rotations, and then transferring these skills to the computation of more abstract adjoint and coadjoint motions, Lie-Poisson Hamiltonian formulations, momentum maps and
finally dynamics with nonholonomic constraints. The 120 Exercises and 55 Worked Answers help the student to grasp the essential aspects of the subject, and to develop proficiency
in using the powerful methods of geometric mechanics. In addition, all theorems are stated and proved explicitly.

The book's many examples and worked exercises make it
ideal for both classroom use and self-study.

Автор: Martin Oliver Steinhauser Название: Computational Multiscale Modeling of Fluids and Solids ISBN: 3662532220 ISBN-13(EAN): 9783662532225 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 13672 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.

Описание: The idea of the book is to provide a comprehensive overview of computational physics methods and techniques, that are used for materials modeling on different length and time scales. Each chapter first provides an overview of the basic physical principles which are the basis for the numerical and mathematical modeling on the respective length-scale. The book includes the micro-scale, the meso-scale and the macro-scale, and the chapters follow this classification. The book explains in detail many tricks of the trade of some of the most important methods and techniques that are used to simulate materials on the perspective levels of spatial and temporal resolution. Case studies are included to further illustrate some methods or theoretical considerations. Example applications for all techniques are provided, some of which are from the author’s own contributions to some of the research areas. The second edition has been expanded by new sections in computational models on meso/macroscopic scales for ocean and atmosphere dynamics. Numerous applications in environmental physics and geophysics had been added.

Автор: Deville Название: Mathematical Modeling for Complex Fluids and Flows ISBN: 364225294X ISBN-13(EAN): 9783642252945 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 11494 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.

Описание: Mathematical Modeling for Complex Fluids and Flows provides researchers and engineering practitioners encountering fluid flows with state-of-the-art knowledge in continuum concepts and associated fluid dynamics. In doing so it supplies the means to design mathematical models of these flows that adequately express the engineering physics involved. It exploits the implicit link between the turbulent flow of classical Newtonian fluids and the laminar and turbulent flow of non-Newtonian fluids such as those required in food processing and polymeric flows.The book develops a descriptive mathematical model articulated through continuum mechanics concepts for these non-Newtonian, viscoelastic fluids and turbulent flows. Each complex fluid and flow is examined in this continuum context as well as in combination with the turbulent flow of viscoelastic fluids. Some details are also explored via kinetic theory, especially viscoelastic fluids and their treatment with the Boltzmann equation. Both solution and modeling strategies for turbulent flows are laid out using continuum concepts, including a description of constructing polynomial representations and accounting for non-inertial and curvature effects.Ranging from fundamental concepts to practical methodology, and including discussion of emerging technologies, this book is ideal for those requiring a single-source assessment of current practice in this intricate yet vital field.

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