Описание: Aerosols play a critical role in a broad range of scientific disciplines, such as atmospheric chemistry and physics, combustion science, drug delivery and human health. This thesis explores the fundamentals of a new technique for capturing single or multiple particles using light, and for characterising these particles by Raman or fluorescence spectroscopy. The outcome of this research represents a significant development in optical manipulation techniques, specifically in optical tweezing. These findings can be applied to studies of the mass accommodation of gas-phase water molecules adsorbing onto a water surface. Not only is this a fundamental process of interest to physical chemists, but it is important for understanding the role of aerosol particles in the atmosphere, including their ability to become cloud droplets. This new strategy for investigating aerosol dynamics is fundamental in helping us understand the indirect effect of aerosols on the climate.
Описание: This book reviews technological applications of aerosol science together with the current scientific status of aerosol modeling and measurements. The aim is to identify available current information on the effects of aerosols on human health.
Автор: Gelencs?r Название: Carbonaceous Aerosol ISBN: 1402028865 ISBN-13(EAN): 9781402028861 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 17476 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: This monograph provides a unique and comprehensive coverage of the nature and atmospheric role of carbonaceous aerosol particles, these big unknowns of the global atmosphere. Even the concept of carbonaceous aerosol has just recently grown out of atmospheric pollution studies, without ever being anchored to solidified nomenclature and terminology. It is beyond any doubt that no major breakthrough can be expected in resolving climate issues without a better understanding of the role carbonaceous particles play in the global atmosphere. This monograph may serve as an indispensable reference for all those interested in virtually any aspects of global atmospheric sciences, especially for those who are stakeholders in inadvertent climate modification. Thus atmospheric chemists, physicists, meteorologists, and modellers may well find this monograph a thought-inspiring and sometimes provocative overview of all global phenomena affected by or related to carbonaceous aerosol. An anticipated advantage of this monograph is that it brings together these diverse atmospheric phenomena under the umbrella of carbonaceous aerosol in an interdisciplinary way, which is a prerequisite of resolving global scientific issues.
Автор: Massel Stanislaw R. Название: Ocean Waves Breaking and Marine Aerosol Fluxes ISBN: 0387366385 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780387366388 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 17476 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: The energy flow from the atmosphere to the ocean generates an aerodynamically rough ocean surface. If the energy flow is sufficiently strong, in some points of the surface, waves loose their stability and eventually break in the form of whitecaps of various scales. The turbulence associated with the breakers produce the aerosols in the form of jet and film drops from the bursting of air bubbles. The aerosol droplets transfer water vapour, heat, pollutants and bacteria through the air-water interface. They are easily transported by wind over large distances. In this way, marine aerosols influence the optical features of the atmosphere, which are of fundamental importance for the remote sensing of the surface and they play an important role in climate variations.The amount of marine aerosols rising from the sea surface depends on the coverage of the sea by breaking waves or whitecaps, and the rate of intensity of breaking. Much of the uncertainty in sea aerosols production and gas transfer arises from weaknesses in the parameterization of wave breaking and related processes.This book describes the mechanisms of wave breaking, based on the theoretical and experimental achievements published in literature as well as on the author's experience. Special attention is paid to selection of the wave breaking criteria, and to development of the wave breaking probability and estimation of the energy dissipation due to breaking.Secondly, the book examines the relationships between wave breaking and marine aerosol fluxes and gas transfer from the sea surface. In general, an amount of marine aerosol rising from the sea surface depends on the coverage of the sea by breaking waves or whitecaps, and on the rate of intensity of breaking. The wind speed, commonly used in prediction of the whitecaps coverage, is only one of the factors determining the wave energy and probability of the breaking occurrence. It is more appropriate to find the linkage between the percentage of sea surface covered by whitecaps and the sea state characteristics (i.e. the significant wave height and spectrum peak frequency) and the amount of energy dissipated during wave breaking and its relationship with the aerosol fluxes.
Автор: Johnston, Keith P.; Penninger, Johannes M.L. Название: Supercritical Fluid Science and Technology (Hardback) ISBN: 0841216789 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780841216785 Издательство: Oxford Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 8222 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Provides a detailed treatment of supercritical fluid science and technology from a broad perspective, from the molecular level to applied technology. Covers molecular interactions and structure; phase behavior, surfactants, gels, and polymers; chemical reactions; rate processes (crystallization, heat, and mass transfer); food, pharmaceutical, and environmental applications, and design of commercial plants. In addition, it is the first volume to address the uses of computer simulation to study some of the novel and unique properties of supercritical fluid solvents.
Автор: Kaneko Masao, Okura Ichiro Название: Photocatalysis / Science and Technology ISBN: 3540434739 ISBN-13(EAN): 9783540434733 Издательство: Springer Цена: 9813 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.
Описание: The topic of photocatalysis is becoming increasingly important due to its essential role in many of today's environmental and energy-source problems. This book gives a comprehensive treatment of photocatalysis in three parts. The first part presents a brief introduction to the principles and fundamental aspects of photocatalysis including photoelectric chemical semiconductors. Part II describes applications to environmental cleaning, such as water purification and cleaning of the atmosphere. Part III discusses applications to photoenergy conversion, for example water decomposition with TiO2, semiconductors and metal complexes. Serving as a timely and convenient reference source including exciting new advances, the book will appeal to academic and industrial researchers as well as graduate and senior undergraduate students in the fields of photochemistry and photocatalysis.
Автор: Clifford, Tony (Professor of Chemical Technology, Название: Fundamentals of Supercritical Fluids ISBN: 0198501374 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780198501374 Издательство: Oxford Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 19255 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: The purpose of this text is to explain the basic physical principles underlying the use of supercritical fluids. The relevant areas of physical chemistry are adapted to the context of supercritical fluids and attention is drawn to the special behaviour obtained in the medium.
Описание: Springer/Praxis have a successful mini program of books on various aspects of light scattering, and now have a journal "Light Scattering Review" under consideration proposed by Alex Kokhanovsky. The atmospheric air contains not only gases but also various types of airborne particles (known as aerosols) ranging from dust grains to microbes. These small particles influence atmospheric visibility, the thermodynamics of the atmosphere, and they are also of great importance in any consideration of climate change problems. Aerosols may also be responsible for the loss of harvest, health problems among humans and ecological disasters. Therefore, it is of great importance to study aerosol properties on a global scale. Such studies ultimately should be based on global observations using instruments positioned on the space platforms.
Описание: Human exposure to aerosols, through inhalation or in working or ambient environments, may lead to a wide range of adverse health effects, including lung disease and other conditions resulting from toxic materials in the body.
Описание: This book is an introduction to radioactivity and aerosols for the scientifically literate reader with little or no previous exposure to either of these subjects. It provides a step-by-step introduction to radioactive aerosols from the physical science perspective, with coverage of such topics as indoor radon decay products, radioactive aerosols as tracers of atmospheric processes, indoor and outdoor models of aerosol transport, fallout from nuclear weapons and reactor accidents, and measurement of radioactivity and aerosols. Audience: Although it includes references to the research literature, it is not designed as a research monograph for specialists. Rather, it is directed at an interdisciplinary audience at the advanced undergraduate science level and higher who want an introductory, but rigorous, presentation of the core material of this subject. It is suitable for self study or for use as a main or supplemental textbook. It should be useful to a range of students in aerosol science, health physics, environmental science, nuclear engineering, and the atmospheric sciences. It should also be valuable to `crossover' professionals - professionals in other areas of science and engineering - who want a readable, self-contained introduction to radioactive aerosols. Many worked examples, and more than a hundred exercises and problems with answers, are provided.
Автор: Colbeck Название: Environmental Chemistry of Aerosols ISBN: 1405139196 ISBN-13(EAN): 9781405139199 Издательство: Wiley Рейтинг: Цена: 10528 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Aerosol particles are ubiquitous in the Earth`s atmosphere and are central to many environmental issues such as climate change, stratospheric ozone depletion and air quality. In urban environments, aerosol particles can affect human health through their inhalation. This title explains the state of knowledge of aerosol chemistry.
Описание: Atmospheric aerosols play a large role in air pollution in urban areas and in regulating climate. They also play a role in the ongoing debate on global warming potentials of various species. To understand the proper roles of aerosols in the atmosphere, we need data on their physical characterization, their chemistry and appropriate models to project into the future. Apart from general discussions in textbooks, there are not very many monographs devoted to the aspects outlined above. This symposium series book will describe the characteristics of atmospheric aerosols, the chemistry of aerosols, and finally the interplay between aerosol modeling and global climate changes using specific case studies. The book is organized into three sections: Characterization, Chemistry and Modeling of Atmospheric Aerosols. The characterization section of the book includes three chapters. The chapters include: The role of morphology on aerosol particle reactivity; The chemistry portion of the book covers several interesting topics including secondary aerosols and the chapters include: Surface activity of perfluorinated compounds at the air-water interface; Atmospheric chemistry of urban surface films; Photochemistry of secondary organic aerosol formed from oxidation of monoterpenes; Finally the modeling section of the book includes two very interesting chapters; Understanding climatic effects of aerosols: modeling radiative effects of aerosols; Environmental effects to residential New Orleans following hurricane katrina: indoor sediment, vapor-phase and aerosolized contaminants.
ООО "Логосфера " Тел:+7(495) 980-12-10 www.logobook.ru