A Beginner`s guide to scientific method, Carey, Stephen S.
Автор: Gauch, Jr Название: Scientific Method in Brief ISBN: 1107666724 ISBN-13(EAN): 9781107666726 Издательство: Cambridge Academ Рейтинг: Цена: от 3434 р. Наличие на складе: Есть
Описание: The fundamental principles of the scientific method are essential for enhancing perspective, increasing productivity, and stimulating innovation. These principles include deductive and inductive logic, probability, parsimony and hypothesis testing, as well as science's presuppositions, limitations, ethics and bold claims of rationality and truth. The examples and case studies drawn upon in this book span the physical, biological and social sciences; include applications in agriculture, engineering and medicine; and also explore science's interrelationships with disciplines in the humanities such as philosophy and law. Informed by position papers on science from the American Association for the Advancement of Science, National Academy of Sciences and National Science Foundation, this book aligns with a distinctively mainstream vision of science. It is an ideal resource for anyone undertaking a systematic study of scientific method for the first time, from undergraduates to professionals in both the sciences and the humanities.
Автор: Hugh G. Gauch Jr Название: Scientific Method in Practice ISBN: 0521816890 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780521816892 Издательство: Cambridge Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 9888 р. Наличие на складе: Невозможна поставка.
Описание: As the gateway to scientific thinking, an understanding of the scientific method is essential for success and productivity in science. This book is the first synthesis of the practice and the philosophy of the scientific method. It will enable scientists to be better scientists by offering them a deeper understanding of the underpinnings of the scientific method, thereby leading to more productive research and experimentation. It will also give scientists a more accurate perspective on the rationality of the scientific approach and its role in society. Beginning with a discussion of today’s ‘science wars’ and science’s presuppositions, the book then explores deductive and inductive logic, probability, statistics, and parsimony, and concludes with an examination of science’s powers and limits, and a look at science education. Topics relevant to a variety of disciplines are treated, and clarifying figures, case studies, and chapter summaries enhance the pedagogy. This adeptly executed, comprehensive, yet pragmatic work yields a new synergy suitable for scientists and instructors, and graduate students and advanced undergraduates.
Автор: Nobuyuki Yajima; Naoki Izutsu; Takeshi Imamura; To Название: Scientific Ballooning ISBN: 0387097252 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780387097251 Издательство: Springer Рейтинг: Цена: 13107 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Introduces scientific ballooning to various people who are interested in the use of balloons for scientific applications. This book deals with three types of balloons: large stratospheric balloons used for scientific purposes, rubber balloons used for aerological observations, and planetary balloons to be used in the atmospheres of other planets.
Название: Multi-modality microscopy ISBN: 9812565337 ISBN-13(EAN): 9789812565334 Издательство: World Scientific Publishing Цена: 14936 р. Наличие на складе: Поставка под заказ.
Описание: This book covers important aspects of modern optical microscopy and image restoration technologies. Instead of pure optical treatment, the book is delivered
with the consideration of the scientists who utilize optical microscopy in their daily research. However, enough details are provided in basic imaging principles, optics and instrumentation
in microscopy, spherical aberrations, deconvolution and image restoration.
A number of microscopic technologies such as polarization, confocal and multi-photon microscopy
are highlighted with their applications in biological and materials sciences/engineering.
Описание: Magnetic resonance force microscopy (MRFM) is a rapidly evolving field which originated in 1990s and matured recently with the first detection of a single
electron spin below the surface of a non-transparent solid. Further development of MRFM techniques will have a great impact on many areas of science and technology including
physics, chemistry, biology, and even medicine. Scientists, engineers, and students from various backgrounds will all be interested in this promising field.
The objective of this
"multi-level" book is to describe the basic principles, applications, and the advanced theory of MRFM. Focusing on the experimental oscillating cantilever-driven adiabatic reversals
(OSCAR) detection technique for single electron spin, this book contains
valuable research data for scientists working in the field of quantum physics or magnetic resonance. Readers unfamiliar with quantum mechanics and magnetic resonance will be able to
obtain an understanding and appreciation of the basic principles of MRFM.
Описание: Near-field optics studies the behaviour of light fields in the vicinity of matter, where light is structured in propagating and evanescent fields. Near-field optical
microscopy is the straightforward application of near-field optics. This textbook provides an overview for undergraduates and anyone who has an interest in peculiar optical phenomena,
and serves as a technical manual for engineers and researchers.
It consists of 12 chapters dealing with the history of near-field optics, non-radiating optics, optical noise,
inverse problems, theory, instrumentation and applications; there is an appendix including the basic elements of Fourier optics and Maxwell equations.
Описание: A laboratory manual for high schools, colleges, and universities, this book contains more than 80 experiments and lecture demonstrations. The coverage
includes the essentials of general physics: mechanics and molecular physics, electricity and magnetism, optics and atomic physics, and condensed matter physics. All the experiments
are illustrated through the results of real measurements and include many novel experiments developed by the author.
Описание: There have been important developments in the last decade: computers are faster and more powerful, code features are enhanced and more efficient, and
larger molecules can be studied - not only in vacuum but also in a solvent or in crystal. Researchers are using new techniques to study larger systems and obtain more accurate results.
This is impetus for the development of more efficient methods based on the first-principle multi-level simulations appropriate for complex species.
Among the cutting-edge
methods and studies reviewed in this decennial volume of the series are the Density Functional Theory (DFT) method, vibrational electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS),
computational models of the reaction rate theory, the nuclear magnetic resonance triplet wavefunction model (NMRTWM) and biological reactions that benefit from computational
Описание: Containing a wide spectrum of articles which report the current research progress in topics concerning the dynamics of multiparticle production in high energy
collision processes, this book's emphasis is on nonperturbative aspects of QCD. The topics covered are: the phase diagram of QCD and related transitions; correlations and fluctuations
in a variety of experiments involving multiparticle production (e+e- annihilation, pp collisions and heavy ion collisions); recent theoretical and experimental developments in interferometry
and particle correlations; event-by-event fluctuations in high energy experiments; concepts of chaos and complexity in multiparticle dynamics and related phenomenology; relevant
theoretical ideas based on QCD as a field theory.
Описание: The International Conference on Calorimetry in Particle Physics has become a major forum for state-of-the-art developments of calorimetry techniques. The
tenth conference was attended by about 150 physicists from 20 countries and covered all aspects of calorimetric particle detection and measurements, with emphasis on high energy
physics experiments as well as experiments in nuclear physics and astrophysics. This volume of proceedings contains three parts: introductory papers, contributed papers and a
The introductory papers start with a historical review of the development of calorimetry technology, and continue with overviews of the status of calorimetry in high
energy physics and astrophysics, which are followed by discussions on calorimetry in future accelerator facilities, such as linear colliders and the Super B Factory. A "hot" technology
regarding the "energy flow concept" is also dealt with.
Описание: In August/September 2001, a group of 75 physicists from 51 laboratories in 15 countries met in Erice, Italy to participate in the 39th Course of the International
School of Subnuclear Physics. This volume constitutes the proceedings of that meeting. It focuses on the theoretical and phenomenological developments in string theory, as well as in
all the other sectors of subnuclear physics.
In addition, experimental highlights are presented and discussed.
Автор: Moore, John H. Davis, Christopher C. Coplan, Micha Название: Building scientific apparatus ISBN: 0521878586 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780521878586 Издательство: Cambridge Academ Рейтинг: Цена: 9158 р. Наличие на складе: Есть у поставщика Поставка под заказ.
Описание: Essential step-by-step guide on the construction of scientific apparatus for all scientists and students in physics, chemistry, biology and engineering.
ООО "Логосфера " Тел:+7(495) 980-12-10 www.logobook.ru